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Flashcards in Anticoagulation and Dentistry Deck (20):
1

anticoagulants/ antiplatelets given for?

vascular/thromboembolic
cardiac conditions
history of stroke
heart valve

2

anticoagulants and antiplatelets decrease what and increase what?

decrease risk of thrombeoembolic events and increase risk of bleeding - spont./tx

3

common types of anticoagulants/platelets?

vit K antagonists
antiplatelets
novel oral anticoagulants

4

what does warfarin antagonise?
how long for drug to develop fully?
limitations?

antagonises vit K
48-72 hours
action reversible with vit K
narrow therapeutic range, sensitive to diet, drug interactions

5

what is the INR?
what value of INR will clott start to take longer?

prothrombin time
INR >1

6

what to check with pt about INR before starting exam?

checked in last 72 hours
INR stable
INR

7

what is the BNF's definition of a stable INR?

not been over four in last two months
does not require weekly monitoring

8

what to do if INR > 4?

contact gmp, delay tx, ref to 2ndry dental care

9

how to limit initial tx area?

single extraction if poss
scaling, rsd restricted to limited area
asses potential for bleeding

10

after extraction do what to help stop bleeding?

suture over socket with an absorbable haemostatic dressing

11

warfarin pt's when to give app's

start of day, start of week

12

LA and warfarin pt's?

unlikely to cause bleeding

13

post op instructions?

NHS 111, local A/E, painkillers, pain relied, no aspirin or any other NSAIDS

14

contact gmp if?

unstable INR, INR >4 in last 2 months, other disorders of haemostasis, renal failure, liver disease, alcoholism, cytotoxic drugs and radiotherapy

15

what increases warfarin activity?

antibacs - e.g amoxicillin
antiepileptics - phenytoin
antifungals, hormones, cardiac drugs, analgesics

16

what decreases warfarin activity?

antiepileptics - carbamezapine
antifungals - nystatin
cardiac drugs
analgesics
ocp's

17

effects of warfarin influenced by?

irregular tablet taking, diets high in vit K, alcohol ingestion, cranberry juice enhances

18

Aspirin is a? used for?

antiplatelet
prophylaxis of cerebrovascular disease or MI
may be self prescribed - 75mg/daily

19

clopidogrel is a ? used for?

antiplatelet
used in conjunction with low dose long term aspirin

20

NOACS?
used for?

rivaroxaban, apixabam, dabigatram
prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism in adults after hip/knee replacement surgery
no monitoring req.