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Flashcards in antigone Deck (25):
1

dionysus

god of wine and fertility
religious festivals

2

dithyramb

hymn sung in honor of dionysis

3

chorus

group of about fifty men who sang and danced

4

thespis

“father of drama”
won prize for tragedy in 535 bc
introduced the first actor

5

aeschylus

added second actor dialogue
wrote trilogies on unified themes

6

sophocles

added third actor
fixed the number of the chorus to 15
introduced painted scenery
wrote trilogies in different themes

7

euripides

reduced the role of the chorus in main action
relied heavily on prologues and deus ex machina

8

limited actors

only three in the play
changed costumes and roles between scenes

9

costumes

long robes in symbolic colors
high boots w raised soles
masks

10

masks

identified age gender and emotion
exaggerated features

11

chorus music and dance

dang w lyre flute and percussion
danced

12

chorus function

set mood and express theme
adds beauty
gives background info
questions and advises characters through choragus

13

choragus

leader of the chorus

14

the unities

unity of action-plot around a single event
unity if time-single day
unity if place-same location

15

messenger

tells offstage happenings
reports taboo acts and violence

16

limitations of the theatre

chorus
no intermissions
no lighting or curtain

17

theatron

spectator seating

18

parados

left and right entrance for chorus

19

orchestra

stage

20

thymele

alter to dionysus

21

skeme

dressing room

22

proskenion

painted backdrop on the stage side of the skene

23

king and queen of thebes

laius and jocasta

24

oedipus

married mom

25

oedipus and jocasta’s kids

eteocles
polyneices
^brothers
ismene
antigone
^sisters