anurans Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in anurans Deck (47):
1

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Gastrophryne from Microhylidae

  • tympanum absent
  • prominent skin fold across head behind eyes
  • small head
  • horizontal pupil

2

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Hyla femoralis from hylidae

  • smaller than a pen cap
  • light brown, darker brown blotches

3

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Hyla versicolor from Hylidae

same as chrysoscelis**

  • light spot below eye
  • dark blotches on back

4

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Ollotis alvaria from Bufonidae

  • 1-3 greatly enlarged dorsal glands
  • paratoid glands elongate
  • no deep valley between cranial crest
  • paratoid gland not as long as head and if large not tapering posteriorly
  • fat hands/fingers
  • tibial warts
  • small white warts at tip of mouth

5

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Rana boylii from Ranidae

  • larger 4th toe than others
  • brown with darker brown tiny spots
  • small tympanum

6

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Rhinella marina from Bufonidae

  • paratoid glands as long as head
  • large prominent cranial crest (>60mm)
  • brown in life
  • fat fingers/hands like Ollotis alvaria with longer paratoid glands

7

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Spea hammondii from Scaphiopodidae

  • short rounded spade on hind foot
  • no boss
  • short spade wide as long
  • from CA.
  • dorsum green or gray

 

  • Tadpole has transparent tail

8

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Lithobates virgatipes from Ranidae

  • two golden brown lateral strips
  • Found on the Eastern Seaboard

9

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Smilisca fodiens from Hylidae

  • distinct ridge across back of head
  • bilobed vocal sac
  • skin fused to skull

10

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Anaxyrus terrestris from Bufonidae

  • paratoid glands not as long as head; if large not tapering posteriorly
  • parietal cranial crests form a conspicuous knob behind eyes

11

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Lithobates pipiens from Ranidae

  • very distinct leapord spots
  • dorsolateral folds present

12

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Rana aurora from Ranidae

  • dorsolateral fold present
  • brown, light underneath
  • black stripe on dorsolateral fold

13

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Ollotis nebulifer from Bufonidae

  • paratoid gland not as long as head and if large not tapering posteriorly
  • paratoid gland triangular
  • deep valley between cranial crests

14

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Anaxyrus canorus from Bufonidae

  • paratoid glands not as long as head; if large not tapering posteriorly
  • flat paratoid gland wide and close together
  • interparatoid distance = width of paratoid gland

15

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Xenopus from pipidae

  • fully aquatic
  • inner 3 toes with cornified tips (claws)
  • toes fully webbed

16

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Scaphiopus couchii from Scaphiopodidae

  • sickle shaped spade on hind foot
  • pectorial glands absent
  • fingers webbed
  • dark edge of spade no more than twice as long as wide
  • no boss

17

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Hyla cinerea from Hylidae

  • light sttips on body (probably can't see in specimen)
  • legs lighter than body

18

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Osteopilus septentrionalis from Hylidae

  • large toe discs
  • boss present
  •  

19

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Anaxyrus woodhousii from Bufonidae

  • paratoid glands not as long as head; if large not tapering posteriorly
  • paratoid gland oval
  • usually in contact with cranial crest
  • cranial crest distinct

20

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Anaxyrus debilis from Bufonidae

  • paratoid glands as long as head
  • small, low cranial crest (<60mm)
  • green in life

21

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Anaxyrus quercicus from Bufonidae

  • paratoid glands not as long as head; if large not tapering posteriorly
  • small <35mm
  • large paratoid glands as long as head
  • conspicuous light midline
  • any distinct vertical stripe

 

I don't know about this one?? you put that the glands were as long as the head and that they weren't?? We didn't look at this one in class, so I don't have any notes...Jen

22

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Scaphiopus hurterii from Scaphiopodidae

  • sickle shaped spade on hind foot
  • pectoral glands present
  • raised boss between or behind eyes

23

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ascaphus truei from Leiopelmatidae

  • tympanum absent
  • pupil vertical
  • head not disproportianetly small
  • everted cloaca (tail)
  • no prominent skin fold across head behind eyes
  • outer most toe thicker than others
  • tad pole suction cup mouth

24

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Spea multiplicata from Scaphiopodidae

  • short rounded spade on hind foot
  • dorsum brownish
  • spade longer than wide

25

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Pseudacris cavaderina from Hylidae

26

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Lithobates palustrus from Ranidae

  • square spots

Found East of the Great Plains

27

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Rhinophrynus dorsalis from Rhinophryinidae

  • pupil vertical
  • cone shaped nose
  • tongue free in front

28

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Scaphiopus holbrookii from Scaphiopodidae

  • sickle shaped spade on hind foot
  • pectoral glands present
  • no boss between eyes

29

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Spea bombifrons from Scaphiopodidae

  • short rounded spade on hind foot
  • interorbital boss present (high and bony) extended forward of the eyes

 

 

30

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 Hyla wrightorum  from Hylidae

  • line through eye, over pectoral glands, and goes down behind shoulder/arm

31

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Anaxyrus cognatus from Bufonidae

  • paratoid glands not as long as head; if large not tapering posteriorly
  • boss at anterior border of eyes
  • paratoid glands strongly divergent
  • dark dorsal markings with light outlines

32

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Anaxyrus microscaphus from Bufonidae

33

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Hyla chrysoscelis from Hylidae

34

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Lithobates areolatus from Ranidae

35

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Acris from Hylidae

36

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Anaxyrus punctatus from Bufonidae

  • paratoid glands not as long as head; if large not tapering posteriorly
  • paratoid gland round (or transversly oval)
  • no cranial crest

37

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Pseudacris regilla from Hylidae

38

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Hyla gratiosa from Hylidae

39

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Smilisca baudinii from Hylidae

40

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Hyla squirella from Hylidae

41

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Anaxyrus americanus from bufonidae

  • paratoid glands not as long as head; if large not tapering posteriorly
  • paratoid glands reniform and nearly always separated from cranial crests
  • no boss
  • dark dorsal spots encircle 1-3 warts

42

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Pipa Pipa from pipidae

  • fully aquatic
  • inner 3 toes with cornified tips (claws)
  • toes fully webbed

43

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Anaxyrus boreas from Bufonidae

44

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Anaxyrus speciosus from Bufonidae

45

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Hyla arenicolor from Hylidae

46

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Lithobates catesbeianus from Ranidae

47

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All Eastern Pseudacris

 

They are all Chorus frogs or Peepers