Anxiety Disorders Flashcards Preview

Pathology > Anxiety Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anxiety Disorders Deck (31):
1

What is the most common mental illness in the US?

Anxiety Disorders

2

What are the neuroanatomic structures involved in anxiety?

- Locus Ceruleus
- Limbic System (Amygdala/Hippocampus/Hypothalamus)

3

Panic Attack

An abrupt surge of intense fear or discomfort that peaks within 10 minutes

4

What are the features of a panic attack?

Palpitations
Abdominal distress
Nausea
Intense fear of dying
Chest pain

5

Panic Disorder

Recurrent unexpected panic attacks without an identifiable trigger - anticipation and avoidance of what may trigger the attack

6

What is the typical age for panic disorders?

Most are in late teens to early 20s

7

What is the treatment for panic disorders?

SSRIs and SNRIs are the first line drugs - can use benzodiazepine to bridge until the antidepressant effects kick in

8

Agoraphobia

Fear or anxiety of large places that can include the following:
- Public transportation
- Open spaces
- Small spaces
- Outside of home

9

What is the treatment for agoraphobia?

Systematic desensitization

10

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Excessive anxiety/worry about many things

11

What is one of the hallmarks of social anxiety?

Blushing

12

What gender does anxiety disorders tend to affect more?

Females

13

What specific phobia is equal between males and females?

Blood/Injection/Injury

14

What is the treatment that can be used for most anxiety disorders?

- Antidepressants
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

15

Separation Anxiety Disorder

Concerning separation from home or parents with an age greater than expected for developmental level

16

Selective Mutism

Failure to speak in social situations where there is an expectation for speaking

17

What is the rate of selective mutism between males and females?

Equal

18

What are the co-morbidities of anxiety disorders?

- Other anxiety disorders
- Depression
- Substance abuse

19

Acute Stress Disorder

Significant trauma leads to short duration of symptoms of negative mood and avoidance symptoms

20

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Recurrent memories of traumatic event with avoidance symptoms with duration more than 1 month - similar to acute stress disorder but just has longer duration

21

What is the treatment for PTSD?

Antidepressants

22

What should not be used to treat PTSD?

Benzodiazepine

23

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Recurrent and persistent thoughts that lead to compulsive behaviors

24

What gender is OCD more common in?

Females

25

What is the treatment for OCD?

SSRIs at high doses

26

What is a main co-morbidity of OCD?

Tic Disorder

27

What is the most common co-morbidity of anxiety disorders with panic attacks?

Agoraphobia

28

What is the most common non-anxiety disorder with panic attacks?

Major Depression

29

What is the most prevalent anxiety disorder in children under 12?

Separation Anxiety Disorder

30

Intrusion Symptoms

Distressing memories of event, recurrent nightmares, flashbacks, distress triggered by cues of the trauma

31

Dissociative Symptoms

Altered sense of one’s surroundings (derealization) or oneself (depersonalization); inability to remember important aspects of the trauma

Decks in Pathology Class (203):