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MS2 - Nervous System > Anxiety Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anxiety Disorders Deck (18):
1

Describe the six types of anxiety presented in this lecture.

Panic:
Generalized:
Conditioned:
Social:
Situational:
Anticipatory:

2

What are the OCD/compulsive disorders?

OCD:
Body dysmorphic:
Trichotillomania:
Hoarding:
Excoriation:

3

The lifetime prevalence of panic disorder is ________.

1.5% - 3.5%

4

Panic disorders are more common in ________.

females

5

The age of onset for panic disorder is ___________.

younger than 35

6

Panic disorder is defined as both (1) having a panic attack and (2) ____________.

having a debilitating fear of future attacks

7

Anxiety most often occurs with depression and usually _________ it.

precedes

8

Those with anxiety are thought to have decreased activity of what neurotransmitter system in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus?

GABA

9

The cardiovascular aspects of anxiety arise from activity in which brain structure?

The locus ceruleus

10

Eliminating safety controls is an example of which branch of panic treatment?

Behavioral

11

True or false: most people with social phobia seek treatment.

False. Only about 1% do

12

Compulsions are ___________.

acts (whether mental or physical)

13

Which category of anxiety disorder was mentioned to have a long lag time between onset of symptoms and treatment?

OCD (usually ten years)

14

OCD and Tourette's have high comorbidity and are thought to arise from disorders in the ___________.

basal ganglia

15

Activating the ___________ inhibits the direct basal ganglia pathway to the thalamus and thus __________ the thalamus.

striatum; disinhibits

16

When the striatum leads to activation (or "disinhibition") of the thalamus. Activation of the thalamus also leads to ___________.

activation of the globus palladus which then leads to inhibition of the thalamus

17

In those with OCD, what is thought to be the role of the basal ganglia and thalamus?

It's thought that OCD presents with greater basal ganglia tone which leads to disinhibition of the thalamus.

18

Which anxiety disorder (at least of what is mentioned in this PowerPoint) can be treated with atypical antipsychotics?

OCD

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