AP L&C Unit 4 Flashcards Preview

AP Language and Composition > AP L&C Unit 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in AP L&C Unit 4 Deck (20):
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Atrophy

n

(n) the wasting away of a body organ or tissue; any progressive decline or failure
(v) to waste away
Synonym: deterioration
Antonym: growth
The ATROPHY of the friendship started with the people involved growing farther involved.

1

Bastion

n

a fortified place, stronghold
Synonym: citadel
The UN is a CITADEL for the unity of nations worldwide.

2

Concord

n

a state of agreement, harmony, unanimity, a treaty, pact, covenant
Synonym: agreement
Antonym: disagreement
The weather and my mood seemed to be in perfect CONCORD today; I was happy and so was the weather.

3

Consummate

adj/v

completely

4

Disarray

n

(n) disorder, confusion
(v) to throw into disorder
Synonym: confusion
Antonym: organization
I was disheartened when I walked into my room and it was in such a DISARRAY that it was impossible to walk two feet without colliding with some piece of debris.

5

Exigency

n

urgency, pressure; urgent demand, pressing need; an emergency
Synonym: urgency
I believe that your homework has more EXIGENCY than catching up on your tv show.

6

Flotsam

n

floating debris; homeless, impoverished people
Synonym: debris
It is disgusting to see all the ugly
FLOTSAM floating at the top of the water.

7

Frenetic

adj

frenzied, highly agitated
Synonym: frantic
Antonym: calm
Jane lost her pocketbook and was FRENETIC to try and find it.

8

Glean

v

To gather bit by bit; to gather small quantities of grain left in a field by the reapers
Synonym: gather
Once you GLEAN all the information, you can interpret and analyze it.

9

Grouse

n/v

(n) a type of game bird, a complaint
(v) to complain, grumble
Synonym: kvetch
Don't GROUSE about the performance when you cannot do much bett

10

Incarcerate

v

to imprison, confine, jail
Synonym: intern
Antonym: free
My internal emotions were INCARCERATED as what I really wanted to say was kept a sec

11

Incumbent

adj/n

(adj) obligatory, required
(n) one who holds a specific office at the time spoken of
Synonym: obligatory
Antonym: optional
The INCUMBENT secretary holds office until 2015.

12

Jocular

adj

humorous, jesting, jolly, joking
Synonym: wagging
Antonym: solemn
It is hard to be in a JOCULAR mood after one's passing.

13

Ludicrous

adj

ridiculous, laughable, absurd
Synonym: ridiculous
Antonym: heartrending
It is LUDICROUS that a homework assignment was not done by you when you were given two weeks to do it.

14

Mordant

adj

biting or caustic in thought, manner, or style; sharply or bitterly harsh
Synonym: caustic
Antonym: mild
Maybe you'll come across as more friendly if you don't make so many MORDANT remarks.

15

Nettle

n/v

(n) a biting or stinging plant
(v) to arouse displeasure, impatience, or anger; to vex or irritate severely
Synonym: annoy
Antonym: please
Stop NETTLING me with questions and let me sleep in peace.

16

Pecuniary

adj

consisting of our measured in money; of or related to money
Synonym: monetary
The bank deals with bank accounts and other PECUNIARY matters.

17

Pusillanimous

adj

contemptibly cowardly or mean-spirited
Synonym: lily-livered
Antonym: courageous
The soldiers at war defending their country are the opposite of PUSILLANIMOUS.

18

Recumbent

adj

in a reclining position, lying down, in the posture of one sleeping or resting
Synonym: prone
Antonym: upright
I lay RECUMBENT against the tree, waiting for the day to end.

19

Stratagem

n

a scheme to outwit or deceive an opponent or to gain an end
Synonym: trick
It does not require a STRATAGEM; simply enter the code and unlock the lock.