AP L&C Unit 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in AP L&C Unit 5 Deck (20):
0

acuity

n

sharpness (particularly of the mind or senses)
S: acuteness
A: dullness
Due to his ACUITY for knowing whether or not he had his favorite Japanese soft drink, Jonny could sense when it was stolen.

1

delineate

adj

to portray, sketch, or describe in accurate and vivid detail, to represent pictorially
Jonny simply wished that someone could DELINEATE to him who exactly stole his soft drink and how it was stolen.

2

depraved

adj

(adj) marked by evil and corruption, devoid of moral principles
S: degenerate
A: virtuous
"My, my," Jonny thought to himself, "this soft drink swindler is quite DEPRAVE!"

3

enervate

v

to weaken or lessen the mental, moral, or physical vigor of; enfeeble, hamstring
S: impair
A: strengthen
Jonny was simply ENERVATED without his soft drink; it was very sad.

4

esoteric

adj

intended for or understood by only a select few, private, secret
S: cryptic
A: comprehensible
All the people who tried to help Jonny out in finding the drink could not understand how amazing it was; apparently it was ESOTERIC to Jonny and his extended family.

5

fecund

adj

fruitful in offspring or vegetation
S: fertile
A: infertile
Jonny decided to ask his AP Language and Composition class if they had seen the soft drink, but the consensus of the class was anything but FECUND.

6

fiat

n

an arbitrary order or decree; a command or act of will or consciousness
S: decree
Jonny asked that a new FIAT be put in place in the class: whoever steals Japanese soft drinks must apologize to Jonny and must also complete ten thousand rhetorical analyses on The Great Gatsby.

7

figment

n

a fabrication of the mind; an arbitrary notion
S: invention
There was a suspicion in Jonny's mind that Sean stole it, but for all he knew, that could have been a FIGMENT of his imagination.

8

garner

v

to acquire as the result of effort; to gather and store away, as for future use
S: collect
A: scatter
In order to prove whether or not Sean actually stole the soft drink, Jonny needed to GARNER all the necessary information.

9

hallow

v

to set apart as holy or sacred, sanctify, consecrate; to honor greatly, revere
S: consecrate
A: defile
Jonny asked Sean a whole bunch of questions about where he was the night of the theft, and Sean was simply confused as to why Jonny was HALLOWING his soft drink so much.

10

idiosyncrasy

b

a peculiarity that serves to distinguish or identify
S: quirk
There is a certain IDIOSYNCRASY about Jonny: he takes apathy as extreme criticism.

11

ignominy

n

shame and disgrace
S: humiliation
A: honor
"IGNOMINY on you!" Jonny screamed at Sean. "You soft drink thief!"

12

mundane

adj

earthly, worldly, relating to practical and material affairs; concerned with what is ordinary
S: routine
A: heavenly
Sean replied, "Jonny, I didn't steal your weird soda because I wasn't at your house the night of the theft; I was literally at home living my MUNDANE life--and doing my English homework, of course."

13

nuance

n

a subtle or slight variation (as in color, meaning, quality), delicate gradation or shade of difference
S: shade
"Oh," Jonny replied, as he began to walk away, looking for any NUANCE of a theft in his class.

14

overweening

adj

conceited, presumptuous; excessive, immoderate
S: arrogant
A: meek
"Even though Sean is pretty OVERWEENING, at least he's not a thief!" Jonny thought. "Who could it be?"

15

penchant

n

a strong attraction or inclination
S: proclivity
A: aversion
Suddenly Jonny thought to himself, "You know, myself, Tyler has quite a PENCHANT for stealing things!"

16

reputed

adj

according to reputation or general belief; having widespread acceptance and good reputation
(part) alleged
S: alleged
A: proven
After a talk with Cate and a general agreement that he indeed was the criminal, Jonny went up to Tyler and said, "Did you know that you are the REPUTED thief of my soft drink?"

17

sophistry

n

reasoning that seems plausible but is actually unsound, a fallacy
S: specious reasoning
"That's SOPHISTRY!" Tyler screamed. Jonny continued to stare at him, and Tyler stuttered: "Oh, well maybe you're right...well, you'll never catch me!" Tyler ran off into the distance.

18

sumptuous

adj

costly, rich, magnificent
S: lavish
A: skimpy
In a SUMPTUOUS car-chase movie scene with a very high budget, Jonny chased Tyler until he eventually obtained the soft drink.

19

ubiquitous

adj

present or existing everywhere
S: pervasive
A: restricted
Tyler had to serve his punishment and do the rhetorical analyses, but since the concepts of The Great Gatsby were not in his mind because his English class is doing something different, he had a pretty tough time. The end.