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Flashcards in APGO Glossary 1 Deck (100):
1

complete expulsion of entire products of conception

complete abortion

2

incomplete expulsion of products of conception; retained tissue in uterus or cervix

incomplete abortion

3

termination of pregnancy by medical or surgical intervention

induced abortion

4

dilation of internal cervical os without passage of products of conception

inevitable abortion

5

a threatened, inevitable, imcomplete, missed or complete abortion complicated by infection

septic abortion

6

spontaneous loss of a pregnancy before 20th wk of gestation

spontaneous abortion

7

vaginal bleeding in presence of closed cervix and viable fetus

threatened abortion

8

separation of normally implanted placenta from its uterine attachment after 20th wk of pregnancy and before birth of infant; usually in 3rd trimester

abruptio placentae

9

overgrowth of terminal parts of skeletal system after epiphyseal fusion as result of overproduction of growth hormone

acromegaly

10

presence of endometrial tissue within myometrium

adenomyosis

11

uterine appendages, including fallopian tubes, ovaries, & associated ligaments

adnexae

12

congenital or acquired incr. in # of cells of adrenal cortex, occurring bilaterally & resulting in excessive secretion of 17-ketosteroids w/ signs of virilization

adrenal hyperplasia

13

absence or cessation of menstruation

amenorrhea

14

failure of menarche to occur by age 16

primary amenorrhea

15

absence of menses for 3/+ months after menarche

secondary amenorrhea

16

aspiration of amniotic fluid, transabdominally, for dx or therapeutic purposes

amniocentesis

17

fluid confirmed by amnion, which serves several functions in normal pregnancy; changes over course of pregnancy

amniotic fluid

18

primary amenorrhea, F phenotype, testes instead of ovaries, absence of uterus, M genotype

androgen insensitivity syndrome

19

anemia w/ excessive # of megaloblasts in circ. caused by def. of folic acid, vit. B12, or both

anemia, megaloblastic

20

insuff. stored iron to meet demans of body; aka microcytic anemia

anemia, iron def.

21

eating d.o. characterized by altered body image and marked reduction in intake of food, caused by psych issues and leading to malnutrition and amenorrhea

anorexia nervosa

22

irregular uterine bleeding that occurs in absence of ovulation

anovulatory bleeding

23

occurring during pregnancy prior to labor

antepartum

24

physical assessment of newborn, performed at 1 & 5 min. after birth, used to determine need for resuscitation

Apgar score

25

abnormal accumulation of fluid in peritoneal cavity

ascites

26

loss of uterine muscular tonicity -> failure of labor to progress or in post partum hemorrhage

atony, uterine

27

patient's right to determine what healthcare she will accept

autonomy

28

sex chromatin masses on nuclear membrane; # = 1 - X chr. in that cell

Barr bodies

29

cystic swelling of Bartholin gland caused by obstr. of its duct

Bartholin cyst

30

pair of glands located at 4 o'clock and 8 o'clock positions on vulvovaginal rim

Bartholin glands

31

oral temperature at rest, used for detection of ovulation

basal body temp.

32

assessment of fetal well-being, including US eval. of fetal movement, breathing movements, fetal tone, amniotic fluid volume and nonstress test

biophysical profile

33

graph showing a basal body temp. in luteal phase that is 0.3* F higher than that of follicular phase, which indicates ovulation has occurred

biphasic temperature curve

34

circ. by which fetus exchanges nutrients & waste products w/ mother

blood flow, uteroplacental

35

endometrial bleeding that occurs at inappropriate times during use of hormonal contraceptives

breakthrough bleeding

36

buttocks (often refers to fetal presentation)

breech

37

clinical (info. obtained before or during surgery or tissue sampling) and path (exam of tumor microscopically) eval. of extent & severity of cancer

cancer staging

38

neoplasm in which tumor cells are confined by basement membrane of epithelium of origin

carcinoma in situ

39

birth of fetus through incisions made in abdomen and uterine wall

Cesarean delivery

40

irregular brownish patches of various sizes that may appear on face during pregnancy or during use of OCPs; "mask of pregnancy"

chloasma

41

inf. of fetal membranes

chorioamnionitis

42

malignant tumor made of sheets of cellular & synctial trophoblast

choriocarcinoma

43

transcervical or transabd. sampling of chorionic villi for cytogenetic evaluation of fetus

chorionic villus sampling

44

period of life or syndrome of endocrine, somatic, and psychic changes that occur in a woman during transition from reproductive to nonreproductive state; aka perimenopause

climateric

45

ligand, in a group of compounds called selective estrogen R modulators, which stimulates maturation of follicles and ovulation as result of its antiestrogenic effect on the hypothalamus

clomiphene

46

withdrawal of penis during coitus before ejaculation

coitus interruptus

47

surgical procedure used to repair cystocele, traditionally done by plicating in midline of CT (vesicovaginal CT or pubocervial fascia) that supports the bladder; other approaches are called transvaginal graft placement or paravaginal repair from an abdominal approach

anterior colporrhaphy

48

surgical procedure used to repair rectocele, traditionally done by plicating rectovaginal CT in midline to create more support for rectum; other: site-specific repairs or graft use

posterior colporrhaphy

49

exam of vagina & cervix by means of instrument that provides low magnification

colposcopy

50

benign, cauliflower-like growth on genitalia caused by human papillomavirus

condyloma acuminatum

51

cone of cervical tissue excised for histologic exam for cervical dysplasia

cone biopsy

52

prevention of conception

contraception

53

fetal assessment & therapeutic technique in which a needle is passed into umbilical vessel and blood is sampled or tx is given

cordocentesis or percutaneous umbilical blood sampling

54

temporary endocrine structure produced in ovary at site of ovulation; makes progesterone, which supports endometrium of secretory phase of menstrual cycle; involution of this precedes menstruation

corpus luteum

55

pouch-like cavity (aka Pouch of Douglas) btwn rectum and uterus, formed by fold of peritoneum

cul-de-sac

56

scraping of interior of cavity or other surface w/ curette

curettage

57

separate curettage of endometrium and endocervix for dx evaluation; specimens sent to path

fractional curettage

58

endometrial curettage using suction catheter

suction curettage

59

symptom complex caused by hypersecretion of glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, and sex hormones of adrenal cortex

Cushing syndrome

60

protrusion of urinary bladder that creates downward bulging of ant. vaginal wall as result of weakening of pubocervical fascia

cystocele

61

radiogram of urinary bladder after injection of contrast medium

cystogram

62

measurement of function and capacity of urinary bladder by pressure-volume studies

cystometry

63

direct endoscopic inspection of int. of urinary bladder

cystoscopy

64

identifiable changes in endometrium and other tissues in response to hormonal effects of progesterone

decidua

65

aka benign cystic teratoma

dermoid cyst

66

physiologic or instrumental opening of the cervix

dilation

67

immunoprotein used for passive immunization to prevent D sensitization of mother when exposed to fetal RBCs that may have Rhesus D antigens

D immunoglobulin (Rh(D) immunoglobulin)

68

intravascular coagulation abnormality assoc. w/ obstetric complications of abruptio placentae and intrauterine fetal demise

disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC, consumptive coagulopathy)

69

simultaneous availability of 2 sterile set-ups for both vaginal and abdominal delivery

double set-up

70

malignant solid germ cell tumor of ovary

dysgerminoma

71

painful menstruation; may be primary (linked to production of PG's and other infl. mediators causing uterine contractions) or secondary (assoc. w/ existing condition)

dysmenorrhea

72

difficult or painful intercourse

dyspareunia

73

abnormal or difficult labor

dystocia

74

painful urination

dysuria

75

convulsive form of preeclampsia eclampsia syndrome

eclampsia

76

pregnancy located outside of uterine cavity

ectopic pregnancy

77

growth of columnar epithelium of endocervix onto ectocervix

ectropion

78

thinning and shortening of cervix

effacement

79

conceptus from blastocyst stage to end of 8th week

embryo

80

procedure of obtaining endometrial tissue for diagnostic purposes

endometrial biopsy

81

presence of endometrial implants outside of uterus

endometriosis

82

instrumental visualization of interior of hollow viscus

endoscopy

83

herniation of small intestine into cul-de-sac, usually accompanied by (and sometimes confused w/) rectocele

enterocele

84

incision made into perineum at time of vaginal delivery

episiotomy

85

exogenous administration of estrogen or estrogenic substances to overcome a deficiency or absence of natural hormone

estrogen replacement

86

continuous and prolonged effect of estrogen on endometrium, resulting from lack of progesterone

estrogen, unopposed

87

aka ectropion

eversion

88

intrauterine retention of non-viable products of conception

missed abortion

89

3/+ consecutive first-trimester abortions

recurrent abortion

90

MC germ cell tumor, consisting of mature elements of all 3 germ layers; aka dermoid cyst

benign cystic teratoma

91

needle aspiration of intraperitoneal fluid or blood through puncture of post. vaginal fornix into cul-de-sac

culdocentesis

92

intrauterine growth restriction leading to a small-for-dates baby, assoc., w/ placental insuff.

dysmaturity

93

removal of all pelvic viscera, including urinary bladder, rectum, or both, usually in setting of advanced cervical malignancy

exenteration, pelvic

94

microscopic pattern of NaCl crystals as seen in estrogen stimulated cervical mucus or amniotic fluid

fern (ferning)

95

conceptus from 8 wks until birth

fetus

96

mammary changes characterized by fibrosis and formation of cysts in fibrous stroma

fibrocystic changes (breast)

97

preliminary stages of sexual relations in which partners usually stimulate each other by kissing, touching, and caressing

foreplay

98

physiologic cyst arising from Graafian follicle or corpus luteum

functional ovarian cyst

99

hormone-producing ovarian neoplasm

functioning ovarian tumor

100

spont. flow of breast milk in absence of recent pregnancy

galactorrhea