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Flashcards in APGO Glossary 2 Deck (76):
1

An individual’s understanding and feeling of activity and behavior appropriate to the male or female sex

Gender (sex) role

2

Congenital absence of ovarian tissue or its presence only as a rudimentary streak

Gonadal agenesis

3

Congenitally defective development of gonads

Gonadal dysgenesis

4

Glycoproteins hormone that’s produced by syncytiotrophoblast and is immunologically similar to LH

Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)

5

Gonadotropin isolated from urine of postmenopausal women, consisting primarily of FSH with variable amounts of LH, used for ovulation induction

Human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG)

6

endocrine organ compound of ant. gonadotropin-secreting compound and post. Oxytocin-secreting compound

Pituitary gonadotropin

7

Feminizing, estrogen-producing, ovarian tumor

Granulosa cell tumor

8

Pregnant woman

Gravida

9

Pregnant state, or total # of pregnancies a woman has had, including current pregnancy

Gravidity

10

Blood in peritoneal cavity

Hemoperitoneum

11

Person who exhibits characteristics of both sexes; true one has both ovarian and testicular tissue

Hermaphrodite

12

Development of various degrees of hair growth of M type and distribution in a F

Hirsutism

13

Estrogen and progestin replacement therapy

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)

14

Vasomotor symptom characterized by transient hot sensations that involve chiefly upper part of thorax, neck, head, frequently followed by sweats and assoc. w/ cessation of diminution in ovarian secretion of estrogen

Hot flushes (flashes)

15

Path condition of pregnancy characterized by hydropic degeneration of chorionic villi and variable degrees of trophoblastic proliferation

Hydatidiform mole

16

Excessive amounts (> 2 L) of amniotic fluid at term

Hydramnios

17

Abnormal proliferation of endometrium w/ marked incr. in # of glands or cystic dilation of glands; these changes may be related to prolonged unopposed estrogen stimulation

Hyperplasia, endometrial

18

Condition of subnormal estrogen production w/ resultant atrophy of failure of development of estrogen-dep. tissues

Hypoestrogenism

19

Def. (< 100 mg) of circulating fibrinogen that may be seen in conditions such as abruptio placentae, amniotic fluid embolism and fetal death, in which fibrinogen is consumed by DIC

Hypofibrinogenemia

20

Subnormal production of hormones by gonads

Hypogonadism

21

Removal of uterine corpus and cervix through an incision made in abdominal wall

Abdominal hysterectomy

22

Removal of uterine corpus, cervix, and parametrium, with dissection of ureters; combined w/ pelvic lymphadenectomy

Radical hysterectomy

23

Combo of laparoscopy with vaginal surgery techniques to remove uterus and frequently the adnexae

Laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH)

24

Removal of uterine corpus, leaving cervix in situ

Subtotal (supracervical) hysterectomy

25

Removal of uterine corpus and cervix (w/o regard to tubes or ovaries)

Total hysterectomy

26

Removal of uterus through vagina

Vaginal hysterectomy

27

Roentgenography of uterus and tubes after injection of radiopaque contrast medium through cervix; useful in ascertaining irregularities of uterine cavity and patency of Fallopian tubes

hysterosalpingography

28

Transcervical endoscopic visualization of endometrial cavity

Hysteroscopy

29

Surgical incision of wall of uterus

Hysterotomy

30

Failure of lumen to develop at a point where budding vagina arises from Urogenital sinus

Imperforate hymen

31

Inability to achieve or sustain penile erection

Impotence

32

Inability to achieve pregnancy with regular intercourse and no contraception within a stipulated period of time; 1 year

Infertility

33

Space in the placenta in which maternal blood bathes chorionic villi, allowing exchange of materials btwn fetal and maternal circulations

Intervillous space

34

Benign mammary tumor, often multiple, occurring predominantly in parous women at or shortly before menopause; located beneath areola; often assoc. w/ bleeding from nipple

Intraductal papilloma

35

Device inserted into uterine cavity for contraception

Intrauterine device (IUD)

36

Intrauterine death of a fetus; for purposes of viral statistics a fetal death prior to 500 grams is usually classified as an abortus

Intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD, stillbirth)

37

Intrauterine growth restriction leading to a small-for-dates baby, assoc. w/ placental insuff.

Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR)

38

Introduction of penis into vagina

Intromission

39

Ensuring or maintaining what’s considered to be just or fair according to predetermined criteria

Justice

40

Photographic reproduction of chromosomes of a cell in metaphase, arranged according to a standard classification

Karyotype

41

Process of expulsion of fetus from uterus

Labor

42

Labor that is initiated artificially

Induced labor

43

Labor that is stimulated, usually with oxytocin

Stimulated (augmented) labor

44

A polypeptide hormone that is produced by the syncytiotrophoblast, is similar to prolactin and somatotropin from the pituitary, and is involved in carbohydrate metabolism by mother and fetus

Lactogen, human placental (hPL)

45

Transabdominal endoscopic exam of peritoneal cavity and its contents after inducing pneumoperitoneum

Laparoscopy

46

Benign tumor derived from smooth muscle

Leiomyoma (fibroid)

47

Uncommon malignant tumor of smooth muscle

Leiomyosarcoma

48

Uses a thin, low-voltage electrified wire loop to cut out abnormal cervical tissue to treat cervical dysplasia

LEEP: loop electrosurgical excision procedure; aka large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ)

49

Imprecise Clinical term usually referring to white lesions of the vulva

Leukoplakia

50

Muscular sheet (iliococcygeus, pubococcygeus, and puborectalis mm) which forms most of pelvic floor (pelvic diaphragm) and supports the pelvic viscera

Levator muscle

51

Sexual desire or urge

Libido

52

Relationship of long axis of fetus to long axis of mother; longitudinal, transverse, and oblique

Lie

53

Dense CT that represents union of base of broad ligament to supravaginal portion of cervix and laterally to sides of pelvis; primary support of uterus

Cardinal ligament

54

Peritoneal folds containing CT, autonomic nn, and involuntary muscle, arising on each side of post. Wall of uterus at about the level of internal cervical os and passing backward toward rectum, around which they extend to their insertion of the sacral wall; important in axial support of the uterus

Uterosacral ligament

55

Surgical or mechanical interruption of continuity of Fallopian tubes for purpose of permanent contraception

Ligation, tubal

56

LMP

Last menstrual period

57

LNMP

Last normal menstrual period

58

Inflammation of the breast

Mastitis

59

Sexual stimulation by manipulation of the genitals

Masturbation

60

Ratio of parabasal to intermediate to s.f. vaginal epithelial cells which is an indication of estrogen effect

Maturation index

61

Condition of fetus weighing 2500 g or more

Maturity

62

Rupture of amniotic membranes before onset of labor

Membranes, premature rupture of

63

Onset of menses

Menarche

64

Permanent cessation of menses, caused by ovarian failure or removal of ovaries

Menopause

65

Excessive or prolonged uterine bleeding occurring at regular intervals

Menorrhagia

66

Reversible change in which one adult cell type is replaced by another cell type; MC = replacement of columnar cells by stratified squamous

Metaplasia

67

Uterine bleeding occurring at times other than expected menses; for ex., intermenstrual bleeding

Metrorrhagia

68

Imaginary plane that passes through pelvis and is defined by 3 points: inf. Margin of symphysis pubis and tips of ischial spines on either side; plane usually includes smallest dimensions of pelvis

Midpelvis

69

Fatal outcome

Mortality

70

Death of conceptus btwn > 500g and birth

Fetal mortality

71

Death of a fetus before birth; for purposes of perinatal vital statistics the fetus must be over 20 wks GA or > 500g in weight

Stillbirth mortality (intrauterine fetal demise)

72

Death of the mother

Maternal mortality

73

Death of the infant in first 28 days of life

Neonatal mortality

74

Death of the fetus or neonate btwn 20 wks gestation and 28 days after birth; sum of stillbirths and neonatal deaths

Perinatal mortality

75

Presence in an individual of cells of different chromosomal constitutions

Mosaicism

76

Secretion of cervical mucous glands; quality and quantity are influenced by estrogen and progesterone; E makes it abundant and clear (Spinnbarkeit) and a fern pattern of drying; P makes it scant, opaque, and cellular w/o a fern pattern on microscopic exam

Mucus, cervical