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Flashcards in APGO Glossary 3 Deck (74):
1

first 28 days of life

neonatal

2

evaluation of fetus by electronic fetal heart monitoring, not in labor

nonstress test (NST)

3

infrequent menstruation

oligomenorrhea

4

climax of sexual excitement

orgasm

5

atrophy of bone caused by demineralization

osteoporosis

6

stimulation of ovulation by artificial means

ovulation, induction of

7

octapeptide formed in hypothalamus and stored in post. lobe of pituitary; stimulant effects on smooth muscle of uterus and mammary glands

oxytocin

8

cytologic smear of exfoliated cells used in early detection of cancer or for evaluation of patient's hormone status

Papanicolaou smear (Pap smear)

9

# of pregnancies of a particular woman in which fetus is over 20 wks gestation prior to delivery

parity

10

floor or sling for pelvic structures, located at level of pelvic outlet; most important = levator ani muscle and fascial sheaths

pelvic floor

11

inf. of the pelvic viscera (ascending); likely pathogens = N. gonorrhoeae, Chlamdia trachomatis, and others

pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

12

imaginary plane passing through pelvis that represents upper boundary of true pelvis; bounded post. by promontory and alae of sacrum, laterally by linea terminalis, and ant. by horizontal rami of pubic bones and upper margin of symphysis pubis

pelvic inlet

13

laparoscopic surgery using multiple small incisions, specialized instruments and techniques

pelviscopic surgery

14

aka cordocentesis

percutaneous umbilical blood sampling, PUBS

15

pertaining to combo of fetal and neonatal periods, considered to begin after 20 wks of gestation and to end 28 days after birth

perinatal

16

plastic repair of perineum

perineorrhaphy

17

pelvic floor and assoc. structures occupying pelvic outlet

perineum

18

device placed in vagina or uterus to support uterus

pessary

19

condition in which placenta located in lower portion of uterus and covers part or all of the internal os

placenta previa

20

PMP

previous menstrual period

21

presence of air in peritoneal cavity

pneumoperitoneum

22

syndr. of 2ndary oligomenorrhea and infertility assoc. w/ multiple follicle cysts of ovary and failure to ovulate

polycystic ovary syndrome (Stein-Leventhal syndrome)

23

cyclical uterine bleeding that's normal in amount but occurs at < 24 days apart

polymenorrhea

24

relationship of designated point on presenting part of fetus to maternal pelvis

position

25

bleeding from uterus, cervix, or vagina that occurs after the menopause

postmenopausal bleeding

26

after delivery or childbirth

postpartum

27

pregnancy prolonged beyond end of 42nd week of gestation

postterm pregnancy

28

specific hypertensive disorder of pregnancy w/ dx made on basis of HTN w/ proteinuria; occurs after 20th wk of pregnancy

preeclampsia

29

infant born before 37 completed weeks (260 days) of pregnancy

prematurity

30

complex of symptoms occurring in progestational phase of menstrual cycle

premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

31

portion of body of fetus that's coming first in birth canal (vertex, breech, shoulder)

presentation

32

portion of fetus that's felt through cervix on vaginal exam; determines presentation

presenting part

33

woman who is pregnant for the first time

primigravida

34

condition in which umbilical cord precedes presenting part of fetus

cord prolapse

35

prolapse of uterus, usually due to loss of supporting structures; related to injuries of childbirth, advanced age, or congenital weakness

uterine prolapse

36

false pregnancy, in which some of the signs and symptoms of pregnancy are present, although no conception has taken place

pseudocyesis

37

period btwn beginning of development of secondary sexual characteristics and completion of somatic growth

puberty

38

lack of appearance of secondary sexual characteristics by age 14

delayed puberty

39

appearance of secondary sexual characteristics before 7.5 years of age

precocious puberty

40

period after delivery in which reproductive tract returns to its normal, nonpregnant condition, generally 6-8 weeks

puerperium

41

first perception by mother of fetal movement, usually btwn 16th and 20th wk of gestation

quickening

42

protrusion of rectum through supporting structures of post. vaginal wall

rectocele

43

retrograde flow of uterine or tubal contents into abdominal cavity

reflux, tubal

44

method of contraception in which coitus is avoided when ovulation is likely

rhythm (periodic abstinence)

45

acute exanthematous viral disease that may cause fetal malformation if contracted during first trimester of pregnancy

Rubella (German measles)

46

surgical removal of fallopian tube

salpingectomy

47

surgical removal of a fallopian tube and ovary

salpingo-oophorectomy

48

application of solution of iodine to cervix; iodine is taken up by glycogen in normal vaginal epithelium, giving it a brown appearance; areas w/o glycogen are white or whitish yellow, as in leukoplakia or cancer; help in choosing which spot to biopsy

Schiller test

49

physical changes that have occurred in response to endocrine changes during puberty

secondary sexual characteristics

50

evaluation of components of semen, esp. spermatozoa, as a means of evaluating male fertility

sexual disinterest, unresponsiveness or aversion

51

physiologic and psychologic expression of sexual behavior; periods of infancy, adolescence, adulthood, and postclimacteric state each have their own specifics

sexuality

52

test for infertility in which cervical mucus is aspirated after coitus and examined for quality and presence or absence of infection; motility, normality, and # of sperm are noted

Sim-Huhner test (post coital test)

53

vestibular glands that open into and around urethra

Skene glands

54

aka hPL (human Placental Lactogen)

somatomammotropin, chorionic

55

diagnostic aid in which high-freq. sound waves are used to image pelvic structures in pregnant and non-pregnant parties

sonography (ultrasonography, ultrasound)

56

ability of cervical mucus to be drawn out into thread, characteristically greater in preovulatory and ovulatory phases of menstrual cycle

Spinnbarkeit

57

location of fetal presenting part (leading bony point) relative to level of ischial spines; + 2 means presenting part is 2 cm below ischial spines; - 1 means 1 cm above

station

58

absolute inability to procreate

sterility

59

involuntary leakage of urine during an increase in intrabdominal pressure as a result of weakness of supports of internal vesical sphincter and bladder neck

stress incontinence

60

streaks or lines seen on abdominal skin of a pregnant woman

striae gravidarum

61

hypotensive syndrome often characterized by sweating, nausea, and tachycardia; can occur in supine position when pregnant uterus obstructs venous return to heart

supine hypotensive syndrome

62

agent or factor that produces physical defects in developing embryo

teratogen

63

functioning ovarian tumor composed of theca cells

thecoma

64

onset of development of breast

thelarche

65

period of 3 mo.; period of gestation is divided into 3 units of 3 calendar months each; can be used to categorized events

trimester

66

epithelium of chorion, including covering of placental villi; comprises a cellular layer (cytotrophoblast) and syncytium (syncytiotrophoblast)

trophoblast

67

enlarged sebaceous glands of areolae of mammary glands during late pregnancy and lactation

tubercles, Montgomery

68

2 other names for sonography

ultrasonography or ultrasound

69

protrusion of urethra through supporting structure of ant. wall

urethrocele

70

surgical interruption of ductus (vas) deferens for permanent contraception

vasectomy

71

VBAC

vaginal birth after cesarean delivery

72

condition of a fetus weighing 500 g or more; ability to live independently outside of uterus

viability

73

development of masculine traits in female

virilization

74

uterine bleeding after interruption of hormonal support of endometrium

withdrawal bleeding