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Flashcards in API-570_revA Deck (413):
1

Code to follow when performing an internal inspection on pipe

API 510 570: 5.5.1

2

Positive Material Identification (PMI)

API 578 570: 5.9

3

Fitness for Service (FFS)

API 579 570: 7.4

4

Risked Based Inspection (RBI)

API 580 570: 5.2

5

Valve Inspection and Testing

API 598 570: 5.10

6

Cathodic Protection

API 651 570: 9.3.5

7

Welding on In-Service Equipment containing Flammables

API 2205 570: 8.2.1

8

NDE Procedure Guidelines

ASME Sect V B31.3: 343

9

Design code for fabrication of piping relief devices

ASME Sect 8 B31.3: 322.6.3

10

Welder & Weld Procedure Qualification

ASME Sect 9 B31.3: 328.2.1.a

11

NDE Personnel Qualification

ASNT SNT-TC-1A B31.3: 342.1 Note

12

When fitting up a socket weld joint the male end is welded in the female socket with

An approx 1/16" gap at the base of the joint

13

The zone for preheat shall extend

At least 1 inch beyond each edge of the weld

14

Where a hardness limit is specified in table 33 1.1.1 at least ________% of welds, hot bends, and hot formed components in each furnace heat treated batch and 100% of those locally heat-treated shall be tested

10

15

What is acceptable as an alternate heat treatment

Normalizing, normalizing and tempering, or annealing

16

When an entire piping assemble is to be heat treated cannot fit into the furnace, it is permissible to heat treat in more than one heat treat, provided there is at least _______ overlap between successive heats, and that the parts of the assembly outside the furnace are protected from harmful temp gradients

1 foot

17

Flattening of a bend, the difference between maximum and minimum diameter's at any cross-section, shall not exceed _______% on nominal outside diameter for internal pressure

8

18

Flattening of a Bend, the difference between maximum and minimum diameter's at any cross-section, shall not exceed ________% on nominal outside diameter for external pressure

3

19

Flanged joints: Before bolting, mating gaskets contact surfaces should be within ________ in/ft, measured across any Dia.

16-Jan

20

Flange Bolt holes should be aligned within ______ max offset

1/8 in.

21

Bolts should extend completely through their nuts. Any which failed to do so or considered acceptably engaged if the lack of complete engagement is not more then

One thread

22

How many gaskets shall be used between Contacts faces in the Assembling a flanged joint

No more than one gasket

23

What is the minimum time that a leak tests must be maintained

10 minutes

24

ASME code is not intended to apply to piping:

That has been placed in service

25

Compatibility of materials with the service and hazards from instability of contained fluids:

Are not within the scope of ASME B31.3

26

A fluid service that is nonflammable non-toxic and not damaging to human tissue and it's gage pressure does not exceed 150 psi in the design temperature from -20° through 366°F is known as category

D

27

A fluid service in which the potential personal exposure is judged to be significant any which a single exposure to a very small quantity of toxic fluid caused by leakage can produce serious in reversible harm persons on breathing or bodily contact even when prompt restorative measures are taken is known as category

M

28

The heating of metal to and holding at a suitable temperature and then cooling at a suitable rate for such purposes as reducing hardness improving machinability facilitating cold working producing a Desired microstructure or obtaining desired mechanical physical or other properties is known as

Annealing

29

What might happen to a piping system that has a gas or vapor in it " like steam" and it is allowed to cool significantly

The pressure in the piping system may reduce sufficiently to create an internal vacuum

30

What happens to a piping system that has fluids in it and the fluids are heated with the system blocked

The internal pressure will increase

31

#NAME?

Impact forces

32

Loads on a piping system that include the weight of the medium transported or the medium used for test and snow loads or ice loads or examples of -______ loads

Live

33

When the service is erosive if there is crevice corrosion present or if cyclic loadings occur slip on flanges shall

Be double welded

34

The use of slip on flanges should be ________ where many large temperature cycles or expected particularly if the flanges or not insulated

Avoided

35

Unless save guarded, flanges is severe cyclic service conditions or limited to

Welding neck flanges

36

Bolting having not more than __________ ksi specified minimum yield Strength shall not be used for flange joints rated ASME B16.5 class 400 and higher

30

37

Tapped holes for pressure retaining bolting in metallic piping components shall be of sufficient depth that the thread engagement will be at least __________ Times the nominal thread diameter

8-Jul

38

What type of backing rings shall not be used under severe cyclic conditions

Split backing rings

39

Socket weld joints should be avoided in any service where ________ or _________ occur

Crevice corrosion , severe erosion

40

Socket weld's larger than NPS _______ shall not be used under severe cyclic conditions

2

41

Where flanges of different ratings are bolted together

The rating of the joint shall not exceed that of the lower rated flange

42

Where a metallic flange is bolted to a nonmetallic flange

Both should be flat-faced

43

Where a metallic flange is bolted to a nonmetallic flange

A fullface gasket is preferred

44

What type of joint should not be used under severe cyclic conditions

Expanded joints

45

Threaded joints should be avoided in any service where

Crevice corrosion, severe erosion, or cyclic loadings may occur

46

What is an example of a straight threaded joint

An union comprising male and female ends joined with a threaded union nut

47

Poisons ratio may be taken as _______ at all temperatures for all metals

0.3

48

For a liquid thermal expansion relief device which protects only a blocked in portion of piping system the set pressure shall not exceed the lesser of the system test pressure or ______% of design

120

49

Physical change of the piping component that has design applications affecting the pressure containing capabilities of flexibility of the piping system is an

Alteration

50

And imperfection of a type of magnitude exceeding the acceptable criteria

Defect

51

An __________ could be flaws or other types of discontinuities that were discovered during inspection that might be subject to some code acceptance criteria during further analysis

Imperfections

52

MDMT is the __________. __________ at which a significant pressure load can be applied to piping system as defined in applicable construction code

Lowest temperature

53

Injection points subject to accelerated or localized corrosion may be treated as

Separate inspection circuits

54

Pressure relieving devices should be tested and inspected at

Frequent enough intervals to make sure the PRDs perform reliably in service

55

Barlow formula for t

t= PD/2SE

56

Remaining life formula

t actual - t required / corrosion rate

57

Long term corrosion rate formula

t initial - t actual / years between

58

Short term corrosion rate

t previous - t actual / years in between

59

Any welding conducted on piping components in operation must be done in accordance with

API publication 2201

60

All repair and alteration welding to piping systems shall be done in accordance with the

Principles of ASME B31.3 or the code to which it was built

61

How often should cathodically protective buried piping be monitored to assure adequate levels of protection

Regularly

62

How often should above grade visual surveillance of a buried pipeline right-of-way be made

Approximately six month intervals

63

How often should poorly coated pipes with inconsistent cathodic protection potentials have a pipe to soil potential survey made

Every five years

64

The leak test for buried piping should be for a period of

Eight hours

65

Barlow formula for MAWP

MAWP= 2SET / D. T is projected thickness

66

Services with the highest potential of resulting in an immediate emergency if it leak were to occur are in class

1

67

Services not included in other classes or in class? This classification includes the majority of unit process piping and selected offsite piping

2

68

Services that are flammable but do not significantly vaporize when they leak and are not located in high activity areas or in class? Services that are potentially harmful to human tissue but are located in remote areas may be included in this class

3

69

Services that are essentially nonflammable and non-toxic or in class? As are most utility services. Inspections of this class of piping is optional and usually based on reliability needs and business impacts as opposed to safety or environmental impact

4

70

API 574 is

Inspection practices for piping systems components

71

Piping normally made by rolling plates to size and welding the seams is a larger then

16 NPS

72

Steel and alloy piping or manufactured to standard dimensions and normal pipe sizes up to

48 inches

73

Steel and alloy piping or also manufactured to standard thickness is designated as schedules in normal pipe sizes up to

36 inches

74

Gas piping has thickness tolerance of +_______ inch and - ________ inch

1/16, 0

75

For all nominal pipe sizes of _________ inches and smaller, the size refers to the nominal inside diameter

12

76

Under tolerance of welded pipe often used in refinery service is

0.010 inch

77

Tubing is generally seamlessly drawn, but it may be welded. It's stated size is it's actual

Outside diameter

78

The basic types of valves

Gate, globe, plug, ball, diaphragm, butterfly, check, and slide valves

79

Minimum thickness without corrosion allowance, based on structural and other loadings. The thickness is either determined from the standard chart or engineering calculations. It does not include thickness for corrosion allowance or mill tolerance

Structural minimum thickness

80

API RP 571 is

Damage mechanisms affecting fixed equipment in the refining industry

81

Article 2

Radiographic examination

82

Article 4

Ultrasonic examination

83

Article 6

Liquid penetrant

84

Article 7

Magnetic particle

85

Article 9

Visual examination

86

Article 10

Leak testing

87

Are class 200 flanges included in the standard

No

88

Are temperature markings required on all flanges

No

89

Bolting material having no more than 30 KS I specified Minimum yield strength or considered

Low strength

90

Class 400, 600, 900, 1500 and 2500 pipe flanges and companion flanges of fittings are regularly finished with _________ raised face

0.25

91

Class 150 and 300 pipe flanges and companion flanges of fittings or regularly finished with ______ raised face

0.06 in.

92

Flange Bolt holes are in multiples of

4

93

A flanged joint is composed of three interrelated components

The flanges, gasket, and bolting

94

At temperatures above 400° for class 150 and above 750° for other class designations flanged joints may

Develop leakage problems

95

When class 300 steel flanges are bolted to class 250 cast iron flanges what gasket should be used

Group No. Ia

96

ASME B16.5 covers flanges through NPS

24

97

ASME B16.47 covers the total range of larger flanges in size range NPS

26 through 60

98

API 570 Scope (Alteration, Inspection, Repair, Rerate)

AIRR 570: 1.1.1

99

API 570 Repair Organization (authorized by Jurisdiction, Owner, Contractor)

JOC 570: 3.1.79

100

API 570 AI’s Employer (Jurisdiction, User, Insurance company, Contractor)

JUIC 570: 3.1.6

101

Determine Corrosion Rate for New Service or Change in Service (Same or Similar Service, Owner’s Experience, Published Data, or Inspect in 3 months)

SOPI 570: 7.1.2

102

Primary responsibilities of API 570 AI (Testing, Inspection, Examination)

TIE 570: 4.3.4

103

Define – Alteration

Physical Change 570: 3.1.2

104

Define – Repair

Restore - Suitable 570: 3.1.78

105

Define – Imperfection that exceeds the acceptance criteria

Defect 570: 3.1.17

106

Define – Discontinuity that may or may not exceed the acceptance criteria

Imperfection 570: 3.1.30

107

Define – RBI’s two Primary Factors

Probability-Consequence 570: 5.2

108

NDE - Number of CMLs to obtain thickness readings during inspection

Represent- active 570: 6.5

109

NDE - CML that must be measured during a Thickness Inspection

CML w/ earliest renewal date 570: 6.5

110

PRD’s - How relief device intervals are determined

Performance 570: 6.7.3.1

111

Insp - Basis of API 570’s Piping Classification

Consequence of failure 570: 6.3.1

112

Corrosion - Method by which process leaks can lead to brittle failure

Auto-refigeration 570: 6.3.4.2.a

113

Corrosion - Cause for fatigue crack

Cyclic Stress 574: 7.4.10.1

114

Corrosion - Factors that affect the creep rate

Time, Temp, & Stress 574: 7.4.11.1

115

Corrosion - Type of soil that is most corrosive

Low Resistivity 570: 9.2.4

116

Repairs - # of new flange assemblies to be inspected during repairs and alteration

Represent- active 570: 5.12

117

SCC can develop at hot spots, including where the heat tracing attaches to pipe

Caustic 574: 7.4.6.2.n

118

Where dew point corrosion often occurs

Overhead fractionation 574: 7.4.6.2.b

119

Potential for none or very few CMLs on circuit

Olefin cold side, Anhydrous ammonia 570: 5.6.2

120

Relatively uniform corrosion

Sulfidation, Sour water 570: 5.6.3

121

Valves that should be inspected for thermal fatigue

Cat Reformer 570: 5.10

122

Design - Mill tolerance for rolled and welded pipe

-0.010” 574: 4.1.1.3

123

NDE - Maximum length of Crack, or Incomplete Fusion allowed on a new weld

0” B31.3: Tbl 341.3.2

124

Flanges - Typical flange face finish

125-250 micro-inch B16.5: 6.4.5.3

125

Flanges - When mating flanges, the maximum amount of unparallel allowed (per diameter of flange in feet)

1/16” per foot B31.3: 335.1.c.1

126

Flanges - Max offset for bolt-holes for mating flanges

1/8” B31.3: 335.1.c.3

127

Welding - Maximum allowed size of open discontinuity in a Bend Test

1/8” ASME IX: QW-163

128

Preheat Zone – Distance from toe of weld

1” B31.3: 330.1.4

129

PWHT Zone – Distance from toe of weld

1” B31.3: 331.2.6

130

NDE - Minimum distance beyond the area to be examined to clean a part when performing a MT examination

1” ASME V: T-741.1.b

131

NDE - Minimum distance beyond the area to be examined to clean a part when performing a PT examination

1” ASME V: T-642.b

132

Repairs - Minimum radius of insert patch

1” 570: 8.1.4.2.c

133

Repairs - Minimum radius of insert patch

1” 570: Fig C.2

134

NDE – Max diameter of CML exam point for lines

2” 570: 3.1.20

135

NDE – Max diameter of CML exam point for lines > 10 NPS

3” 570: 3.1.20

136

NDE – Minimum length of Spot RT

6” B31.3: 344.5.2.c

137

Welding - Min length to RT/UT when qualifying a welder with test coupon or 1st production weld

6” ASME IX: QW-302.2/ 304.1

138

Welding - Minimum length of RT when qualifying a welding operator with a test coupon

6” ASME IX: QW-302.2

139

Corrosion - Soil-to-Air area – distance in air from interface

6” 570: 3.1.87

140

Corrosion - Distance to dig when inspecting for Soil-to-Air corrosion

6-12” 574: 7.4.5

141

NDE – Distance of eye-to-part to count as a Visual Exam

6-24” 577: 9.3.1.e

142

Corrosion - Soil-to-Air area – distance in soil from interface

12” 570: 3.1.87

143

NDE - Minimum upstream limit of intensive examination of injection point circuit

12” 570: 5.5.9

144

PWHT - Min overlap for PWHT when using multiple heats

12” B31.3: 331.2.5

145

Welding - Minimum length of RT/UT when qualifying a welding operator on first production weld

3’ ASME IX: QW-305.1

146

Underground - Minimum length of buried pipe to expose when excavating for inspection

6-8’ 570: 9.3.6

147

Repairs - Maximum size of fillet weld patch on pipe

½ Diameter 570: Fig C.2

148

Circuits - Minimum upstream limit of injection point circuit

Greater of: 12” or 3 Dia. 570: 5.5.9

149

NDE - Minimum downstream limit of intensive examination of injection point circuit

10 Diameters 570: 5.5.9

150

Circuits - Min downstream limit of injection point circuit

Lesser of:1st direction change + 25’or2nd direction change 570: 5.5.9

151

Corrosion - CUI affects Carbon Steel & low alloy (temperature range)

10 - 350 F 574: 7.4.4.1.e

152

UT Calibration - Calibration Block must be within what temperature of the part to be examined

25 F 577: 9.9.1

153

NDE - Standard temperature range for a PT exam

40 - 125 F V: T-652/653

154

Testing - Min flash point of hydrocarbons used for leak testing

120 F 570: 5.8.1

155

Corrosion - CUI affects Austenitic Stainless Steel (temperature range)

120 - 400 F 574: 7.4.4.1.h

156

Corrosion - Typical dew point of hydrochloric acid

130 F 571: 4.3.7.3.d

157

Corrosion - Temperature where chloride stress corrosion cracking becomes a concern

> 140 F 571: 4.5.1.3.g

158

NDE - Special procedures needed for UT thickness readings

> 150 F 570: 5.7.1

159

Corrosion - Temperature swings that can cause thermal fatigue

+/- 200 F 571: 4.2.9.3.c

160

Corrosion - Most aggressive CUI temperature range

212–350 F 571: 4.3.3.3.b

161

Corrosion - Typical dew point of sulfuric acid

280 F 571: 4.3.7.3.c

162

Welding - Minimum pre-heat temperature, when pre-heat is substituted for PWHT

300 F 570: 8.2.3.2

163

Welding - Minimum pre-heat temperature, when a local PWHT is substituted for a full encirclement PWHT

300 F 570: 8.2.3.3.c

164

Corrosion - Starting temp for Sulfidation on Carbon Steel per API 574

450 F 574: 7.4.6.2.j

165

Corrosion - Starting temp for Sulfidation on Iron-based Alloys per API 571

500 F 571: 4.4.2.3.c

166

Corrosion – Temperature range causing temper embrittlement in low chromes

650–1100 F 574: 3.1.39

167

Inspection – Operating Temp when a Corrosion Specialist must input on an Inspection Plan

> 750 F 570: 5.1.1.1

168

Corrosion – Graphitization occurs in Carbon Steel materials

> 800 F 574: 10.3.5.2.4

169

Corrosion – Creep occurs in 1-1/4% Chrome materials

> 900 F 574: 7.4.11.1

170

NDE - Maximum temperature for UT readings per ASME Sect V

1000 F ASME V: SE-797 8.5

171

NDE - Maximum temperature for UT readings per API 574

1100 F 574: 10.2.1.5.1

172

Materials - Carbon Steel PWHT temperature

1100-1200 F B31.3: Tbl 331.1.1

173

Testing - Minimum base metal temp during pressure testing when wall thickness is

MDMT + 10 F 570: 5.8.3

174

Testing - Minimum base metal temp during pressure testing when wall thickness is > 2” thick

MDMT + 30 F 570: 5.8.3

175

NDE - Maximum temperature for magnetic particles

Manufacturer Recommendation ASME V: 731.c

176

Common material with an endurance limit (fatigue cracking cannot occur below this stress level)

CS 571: 4.2.16.3.b.i

177

Subject to temper-embrittlement

Low Chromes 574: 7.4.12.1

178

Common material without an endurance limit

SS 571: 4.2.16.3.b.ii

179

Subject to chloride stress-corrosion cracking

300 SS 574: 7.4.8.1.a

180

Subject to polytheonic acid stress-corrosion cracking

Sensitized 300 SS 574: 7.4.8.1.b

181

P-numbers allowed to use pre-heat in lieu of PWHT

P1 & P3 570: 8.2.3.2

182

Flanges - Thread engagementellaneous acceptance criteria

-1 570: 5.12 / B31.3: 335.2.3

183

Ratio of Endurance Limit Stress to Ultimate Tensile Stress for Carbon Steel

0.4 – 0.5 571: 4.2.16.3.b.ii

184

Testing - Minimum range of pressure gauge used during a pressure test (multiplied by test pressure)

1.5 ASME V: T-1031.a

185

Testing - Preferred range of pressure gauge used during a pressure test (multiplied by test pressure)

2 ASME V: T-1031.a

186

NDE - # of additional welds or joints to examine when a weld defect is found during a Random examination

2 B31.3: 341.3.4.a

187

PWHT - Minimum # of thermocouples required when performing a local PWHT instead of a 360 degree band

2 570: 8.2.3.3.d

188

Weld Qualification - Number of tension tests to qualify a WPS

2 ASME IX: QW451.1

189

Weld Qualification - Number of bend tests to qualify a welder or welding operator in welding positions 1G-4G

2 ASME IX: QW452.1.a

190

NDE - Minimum # of exposures to RT 360o of a weld using a double-wall technique, double-wall view (elliptical shot)

2 ASME V: T-271.2.b.1

191

NDE - RT film Density Range - allowed for the weld & IQI when using a gamma ray source

2.0 – 4.0 ASME V: T-282.1

192

NDE - Minimum # of exposures to RT 360o of a weld using a double-wall technique, single-wall view

3 ASME V: T-271.2.a

193

Impact Test - Number of test bars required in each set

3 B31.3: 323.3.3

194

NDE - When using a shim under a hole-type IQI, the number of sides of the IQI that must be seen in the RT image

3 ASME V: T-277.3

195

Testing - Maximum range of pressure gauge used during a pressure test (multiplied by test pressure)

4 ASME V: T-1031.a

196

Weld Qualification - Number of bend tests to qualify a WPS

4 ASME IX: QW451.1

197

Weld Qualification - Number of bend tests to qualify a welder or welding operator in welding positions 5G & 6G

4 ASME IX: QW452.1.a Note 1

198

Design - # of Stress Cycles needed to become rated as Severe Cyclic Service

7000 B31.3: 300.2

199

NDE - Minimum time an examiner should be in a darkened area prior to using a black light for MT & PT exams

5 minutes ASME V: T-676.4.b & T-777.2.b

200

Testing - Minimum duration for a pressure test

10 minutes B31.3: 345.2.2.a

201

NDE - Final interpretation of a PT exam after application of developer (time range)

10-60 minutes ASME V: T-676.1

202

Testing - Minimum duration of hydro to evaluate integrity of buried pipe

8 hours 570: 9.3.7

203

NDE - Max Calibrating Interval – MT Permanent Magnet Yoke

Daily ASME V: T-762.a

204

NDE - Max Calibrating Interval - RT densitometer

90 days ASME V: T-262.1

205

Maximum time for obtaining thickness readings when corrosion rate on new pipe is not known (no other data available)

3 months 570: 7.1.2.c

206

Welding – Max Time a Welder or Welding Operator maintains qualifications for a process without using that process

6 months ASME IX: QW-322.1.a

207

Interval - Suggested interval for Above-grade Visual Surveillance of buried pipe

6 months 570: 9.3.1

208

NDE - Max Calibrating Interval - Electromagnetic MT Yoke

1 year ASME V: T-762.a

209

NDE - Maximum Interval for a visual examiner’s eye exam

1 year ASME V: T-923

210

NDE - Max interval to calibrate pressure gauge used in testing

1 year ASME V: T-1061.a

211

AI - Length of time before an API 570 AI must recertify

3 years 570: A.3.1

212

Insp - Max Thickness Inspection interval for an Injection Point

Lesser 3 yr or ½ Life 570: Table 2

213

Insp - Max External Inspection interval for Class 1 & 2 Piping

5 year 570: Table 2

214

Insp - Maximum Interval for Relief devices in fouling or corrosive service

5 year 570: 6.7.3.2

215

Insp - Suggested interval for Close-interval Potential Survey of buried pipe with poor CP

5 year 570: 9.3.2

216

Insp - Suggested interval for evaluation of Soil Corrosivity for buried pipe with no CP

5 year 570: 9.3.4

217

Insp - Max Thickness Inspection interval for Class 1 Piping

Lesser 5 yr or ½ Life 570: Table 2

218

Insp - Maximum Interval for Relief devices in non-fouling or non-corrosive service

10 years 570: 6.7.3.2

219

Insp - Minimum years of experience for Owner’s inspector during new fabrication

10 years B31.3: 340.4.b

220

Insp - Maximum External Inspection interval for Class 3 Piping

10 years 570: Table 2

221

Insp - Maximum Thickness Inspection interval for Class 2 & 3 Piping

Lesser 10 yr or ½ Life 570: Table 2

222

RBI - Maximum Interval for the RBI Reassessment

Per Table 2 570: 5.2.4

223

Repairs - When should temporary welded pipe repairs be replaced

Next opportunity 570: 8.1.4.1

224

Repairs - When shall non-welded repairs & temporary leak sealing devices and be removed and pipe repaired

Next turnaround 570: 8.1.5

225

NDE - Max Calibrating Interval - Check the light intensity of a black light used in a MT or PT exam

Before & after use ASME V: T-676.4.e & T-777.2.e

226

NDE - Pipe size where RT is preferred for thickness readings

Equal or

227

NDE - Pipe size where UT thickness readings may require specialized UT equipment

Equal or

228

Terms - Small bore piping

Equal or

229

Maximum pipe size normally allowed for threaded pipe

Equal or

230

Maximum pipe size normally allowed for socket-welded pipe

Equal or

231

NDE - Maximum pipe size for performing an elliptical shot (double-wall technique, double-wall view)

3 NPS ASME V: T-271.2.b

232

Pipe size where pipe OD is equal to pipe size (NPS)

Equal or > 14 NPS 574: 4.1.1.2

233

Pipe size where pipe is almost always made using rolled & welded plate

> 16 NPS 574: 4.1.1.1

234

NDE - Weight used to check magnetic strength of an AC yoke

10 lb. ASME V: T-762.b

235

NDE - Weight used to check magnetic strength of a DC yoke

40 lb. ASME V: T-762.c

236

NDE - Weight used to check magnetic strength of a permanent magnet yoke

40 lb. ASME V: T-762.c

237

NDE – Min angle of eye-to-part to count as a Visual Exam

30 degrees ASME V: T-952

238

NDE - Two primary gamma-ray RT sources

Ir 192, Co 60 577: 9.8.4

239

NDE - Lead letter used during RT to check for backscatter radiation

B ASME V: T-223

240

NDE - Lead letter used during RT to indicate a film-side IQI

F ASME V: T-277.1.b

241

NDE - Hole size that must be visible in RT when using a hole-type IQI

2T ASME V: Tbl T-276

242

NDE - Minimum light intensity when performing non-fluorescent MT or PT or VT exams

100 ft-candles ASME V: T-676.3, T-777.1 & T-952

243

NDE - Minimum black light intensity when performing MT or PT fluorescent exams

1000 mW/cm2 ASME V: T-676.4.c & T-777.2.c

244

NDE - Maximum UT scanning speed

6”/sec 574: 10.2.1.4.3

245

Weld Qualification - Maximum allowed thickness on a WPS based on the plate thickness (T) of a PQR test coupon

2T ASME IX: QW451.1

246

Weld Qualification – The “all-position” test coupon

6G ASME IX: QW461.9

247

Weld Qualification – Rejectable in RT when qualifying a welder

Crack, LoF, IP ASME IX: QW191.1. 2.2.a.1

248

Weld Qualification – Which welding process can a welder NOT be qualified by RT/UT

GMAW - SC ASME IX: QW-304

249

Welding - Variables needed on WPS

Essential & Non-Essent. ASME IX: QW200.1.b

250

Welding - Variables needed on PQR

Essential ASME IX: QW200.2.a

251

Welding - Minimum taper required for welds with mismatch

30 degrees B31.3: Fig 328.4.3

252

Design - Two most common CS pipe materials

A53 & A106 574: 4.1.1.1

253

Repair - Maximum allowed SMYS for pipe if fillet-welded patch is installed

40,000 psi 570: 8.1.4.1

254

Test - Maximum stress allowed during a pressure test

90% of SMYS 570: 5.8 Note

255

Test - pH of water needed to reduce likelihood of MIC (bugs)

>10 pH 570: 5.8.1

256

Corrosion - Typical external corrosion rate for dry rural environments

257

Corrosion - Typical external corrosion rate for inland locations with moderate rain & humidity

1-3 mpy 571: 4.3.2.3.c

258

Corrosion - Possible external corrosion rate for industrial environments with acid or sulfur compounds

5-10 mpy 571: 4.3.2.3.b

259

Corrosion - Possible external corrosion rate for marine environments

20 mpy 571: 4.3.2.3.b

260

NDE - Limits of RT Film Density of weld as compared to IQI

-15 to +30% ASME V: T-282.2.a.1

261

Design - Mill Tolerance of Seamless Pipe

-12.5% 574: 4.1.1.3

262

Pipe Class - % of H2S in process to classify as Class 1 Pipe

Equal to or > 3% 570: 6.3.4.2.c

263

NDE - % of welds to RT when fabricating Normal Service Pipe

5% B31.3: 341.4.1.b.1

264

NDE - % of welds to VT when fabricating Normal Service Pipe

5% B31.3: 341.4.1.a.2

265

NDE - % of welds to Brinnell after PWHT in furnace (if BHN are required)

10% B31.3: 331.1.7.a

266

NDE – Overlap with a UT scan, % of transducer diameter

10% 574: 10.2.1.4.3

267

AI – Amount of time inspector must be involved in inspection activities - required to maintain API 570 certification

20% 570: A.3.2

268

Mtls – Amount of nickel required for a material to be considered a nickel alloy

> 30% 571: 3.1.15

269

NDE - % of welds to Brinnell after local PWHT (if BHN is reqd)

100% B31.3: 331.1.7.a

270

NDE - % of Visual & RT required when fabricating Severe Cyclic Pipe

100% B31.3: 341.4.3.a.1/b

271

Testing - Pneumatic test pressure, % of design pressure

110% B31.3: 345.5.4

272

Testing - Leak test pressure of underground pipe, % of operating pressure

110% 570: 9.3.7

273

PRV - Maximum set pressure for thermal relief valves, % of design pressure

120% B31.3: 322.6.3.b.2

274

Document Owner/User must have that is following API 570

QA/Repair Manual 570: 4.3.1.1

275

Document required for each piping system

Inspection Plan 570: 5.1.1.1

276

Document required when changes are made to hardware or process

MOC 570: 4.3.1.2

277

Document required when Owner audits inspection program

Tracking System 570: 5.13

278

Document required of Examiner’s Employer

Certification Records 570: 4.3.5.3

279

Document required for each PRD Repair Organization

QA Manual 570: 6.7.2

280

Document required concerning personnel at PRD Repair Organization

Training Program 570: 6.7.2

281

Records maintain by Repair Organization and available to the inspector

WPS(s) & WPQ(s) 570: 8.2.2

282

Another Record that the Owner/User must maintain # 1

Insp Iso’s 570: 7.6.6

283

Another Record that the Owner/User must maintain # 2

Track Repairs Recommendations 570: 7.7

284

Another Record that the Owner/User must maintain # 3

External Inspections 570: 7.8

285

Another Record that the Owner/User must maintain # 4

Track Temporary Repairs 570: 7.9

286

Another Record that the Owner/User must maintain # 5

Deferrals 570: 7.10

287

API 578 provides guidelines for a material assurance system to verify:

All alloy materials. 1.0

288

The material verification program specified by API 578 covers:

Only pressure-containing components. 1.0

289

An alloy material is any metallic material that contains alloying elements thatare added:

To improve either mechanical properties or corrosion resistance. 3.1

290

An inspection lot includes:

all materials from a common source, of the same material type and same heat. 3.4

291

For construction and repair activities a written material verification program should be established by the:

Owner/User. 4.1

292

The material verification program should cover PMI testing of materials:

In existing piping systems and during construction, repairs andalterations of piping systems. 4.1

293

During repairs, random PMI sampling of new components is most appropriatefor:

low-risk piping systems. 4.1

294

Who has the responsibility to determine the extent of PMI performed?

Owner/User 4.1

295

During construction the Owner should consider 100% PMI of new components on:

high-risk piping systems. 4.1

296

Usually substituting an alloy for carbon steel does not cause a problem. But hardenable alloys may cause failure in some carbon steel systems. Which of the following process services would substituting an alloy for carbon steelnot result in a potential problem.

Benzene 4.1.1

297

Who is responsible to assure that the material verification program meets the guidelines of API 578?

Owner/User 4.2.1

298

Who is responsibility to verify the adequacy of the material verification program that is performed by material suppliers?

Owner/User 4.2.2

299

Who has the responsibility to review and approve the adequacy of the PMI program used by fabricators?

Owner/User 4.2.2

300

A mill test report:

Is an important part of the material qualify assurance program. 4.2.4

301

During construction, which of the following alloy components does not need to be covered by a material verification program?

Bolts, expansion joints, gaskets, and pressure containing welds need to be checked. 4.2.5

302

During alloy welding:

One electrode from each lot or package should be identified. 4.2.6

303

If alloy element(s) are contained in the flux of a welding electrode, PMI testing:

Could be conducted on a “weld button” prior to production welds. 4.2.6

304

New longitudinal welded alloyed pipe should:

Receive random PMI testing of weld and base metal if there is a reason to suspect problems. 4.2.6.1

305

PMI of autogenous welds is:

Not required if the base metal was PMI tested. 4.2.6.2

306

Who has the responsibility to determine the extent of PMI testing required on existing piping systems?

Owner/User 4.3.2

307

When prioritizing the need for PMI on existing piping systems, which of the following is not a factor to consider?

Age of the facility. 4.3.3

308

Incorrect substitution of carbon steel is most likely to be found in:

Chrome systems. 4.3.3.1

309

Which residual element in a carbon steel system has not caused increased corrosion rates in HF acid piping system?

Fe 4.3.3.2

310

Low silicon carbon steel can corrode rapidly when exposed to:

Hydrogen-free sulfidation. 4.3.3.4

311

Carbon steel can corrode rapidly in hydrogen-free sulfidation when the silicon content in carbon steel is:

312

The owner decides to conduct PMI testing on some existing piping systems. Which of the following is a major factor in prioritizing the pipe?

The effectiveness of the construction & maintenance practices. 4.3.3.5

313

Which of the following piping components is most likely to have a substitution with the wrong material?

Bolting. 4.3.4

314

Which of the following piping components is most likely to have a substitution with the wrong material?

6 NPS Gate valve. 4.3.4

315

Who has the responsibility to determine the extent of PMI testing required during repairs and alterations of piping systems?

Owner/User. 4.4.1

316

Who has the responsibility to evaluate the effectiveness of a PMI program during repairs and alterations?

Owner/User. 4.4.1

317

During repairs and alterations the Owner should:

Have a written procedure describing their PMI program. 4.4.1

318

PMI testing at the warehouse is:

Not a substitute for PMI testing required during fabrication. 4.4.2

319

In the petrochemical industry, one common material mix-up problem occurs:

When temporarily removing spool pieces. 4.4.3

320

Identification of materials by visual stamps or markings:

Is not a substitute for PMI testing. 5.1

321

How do portable X-Ray Fluorescence PMI tools work?

Radiation waves excite the materials and the material emits adifferent spectrum of radiation that can be analyzed. 5.2.2

322

PMI tools that use X-Ray fluorescence can not detect:

carbon. 5.2.2

323

How does Portable Optical Emission Spectrometry determine the elements in a material?

An electric arc causes a spectrum of light to be emitted from the tested material. The light is analyzed. 5.2.3

324

Chemical spot testing:

Removes a small amount of surface metal that is placed in a filter paper. Small droplets of reagents are used on the sample and different colors indicated different materials. 5.2.5.1

325

PMI tools that use Resistivity Testing are not always able to sort:

Low chromes and 300 series stainless steels. 5.2.5.2

326

PMI testing equipment should be:

Calibrated as specified by the manufacturer. 5.3

327

All personnel performing PMI tests should be:

Knowledgeable about the operation of the PMI test equipment. 5.5

328

Qualifications for personnel performing PMI testing should be submitted and reviewed by:

The Owner/User. 5,5

329

When PMI testing indicates that an alloy is outside the range allowed on the material spec, the component can:

Be used if accepted by the Owner/User following an assessment. 6.1c

330

An alloy weld overlay is applied to carbon steel base metal. What will occur?

Dilution. 6.2

331

An alloy weld overlay is applied to carbon steel base metal. Who has the responsibility to establish the minimum alloy requirements of the asdeposited weld metal?

Owner/User. 6.2

332

What is the appropriate action to take when an incorrect material is located during a PMI sampling of an inspection lot?

A more extensive inspection of the lot should be considered. 6.3

333

A color code system for pipe is specified by:

PFI ES22. 7.1.1

334

Identification of materials by color coding:

Is not a substitute for PMI testing. 7.1.1

335

Which of the following is not required when the owner’s PMI system requires physical marking of components?

The name of individual doing the marking. 7.1.1 / 7.1.2

336

Marking pens should not contain chlorides or:

Sulfur. 7.1.2b

337

When PMI testing is conducted on a new piping system, the documentation of the PMI results should be kept:

Until piping system is removed/scrapped. 7.4

338

Overall responsibility for complying with API 570 4.1

O

339

Responsible for developing &implementing a QA insp/repair mgmt system 4.3.1.1

O

340

Responsible for implementing an effective MOC process 4.3.1.2

O

341

Responsible for QC during repairs or alterations 4.3.3

Repair Organization

342

Assure owner - testing, inspection & examination activities meet Code 4.3.4

I

343

Evaluate and accept NDE examination results 4.3.4

I

344

Maintain certification records of NDE examiners 4.3.5.3

Exam Employer

345

Develop an inspection plan for a piping system 5.1.1.1

And / Or I E

346

Also involved in making inspection plans for pipe that operates >750 oF 5.1.1.1

CS

347

Choose to conduct RBI assessments 5.2

0

348

Get familiar with prior inspection data & repairs prior to inspections 5.3.5

I

349

Get familiar w/ operating conditions & potential damage mech of pipe system 5.4.1.2

I

350

Perform On-stream inspections 5.5.2

Or I Tech

351

Perform Thickness Inspection 5.5.3

Or I Tech

352

Assure individuals taking thickness measurements are trained and qualified 5.5.3

O

353

Determine cause if short-term corrosion rate varies significantly 5.5.3

And I CS

354

Perform External Inspection 5.5.4

Or I Qualified Other

355

Involved if the # of CML’s will be significantly reduced or eliminated 5.6.2

CS

356

Select or adjust the # of CMLs 5.6.3

I

357

Select CMLs for pipe systems subject to localized corrosion or cracking 5.6.3

CS

358

Determine need for non-thickness NDE techniques. Inspector consults w/: 5.7.2

Or E CS

359

Determine surface prep for NDE exam. Inspector made need to consult with: 5.7.3

GURU

360

Perform UT flaw detection for finding linear flaws 5.7.4

QUTE

361

Determine pressure for leak tests (non-code tests) 5.8

O

362

Prior to hydrotest determine if structure will support weight 5.8

E

363

Determine risk of brittle fracture prior to performing a pressure test 5.8.3

E

364

Approve substituting NDE for a pressure test 5.8.5

And I E

365

Perform UT as a substitute for a pressure test 5.8.5

QUTE

366

Verify that new alloy material during repairs & alteration meet specifications 5.9

I

367

When verifying new materials, determine the sampling percentage 5.9

O

368

PMI new materials during repairs & alterations 5.9

Or I Tech

369

If incorrect mat’l found in existing pipe, determine amount of further verification 5.9

I

370

Determine if PMI program is needed for existing facilities 5.9

O

371

Determine date to replace incorrect mat’ls found during PMI survey 5.9

And I O CS

372

Periodically inspect components found during PMI survey that are wrong mat’ls 5.9

I

373

Determine if crack-like weld flaws are the result of original weld fabrication 5.11

I

374

Assess crack-like flaws and environmental cracking 5.11

Or E CS

375

Assess preferential weld corrosion 5.11

I

376

Perform audit of owner/users to assure compliance with 570 5.13

Competent

377

Make corrections based on the audit of owner/users piping program 5.13

Owner’s AIA

378

Review and approve RBI assessments 6.3.2

And I E

379

Determine the inspection intervals 6.3.3

Or I O

380

Maintain a record of process fluid classification 6.3.4.1

O

381

PRD’s tested and repaired 6.7.1

Exp. Repair Org

382

Determine the inspection intervals for PRDs 6.7.3.1

Or I E Qualified Other

383

Select corrosion rate that best reflects conditions 7.1.1

And I CS

384

Maintain piping records 7.6.1

O

385

Review and approval an interval deferral 7.10

I

386

Revise an existing interval and document basis for change 7.10

I

387

Revise an existing interval that has unusual degradation issues. Inspector and: 7.10

Or E CS

388

Perform piping repairs 8.1.2

Repair Org

389

Authorize all repairs 8.1.2

I

390

Authorize all alterations 8.1.2

And I E

391

Designate hold points for repairs and alterations 8.1.2

I

392

Provide general authorization for limited or routine repairs 8.1.2

I

393

Approve all proposed methods of design, materials, WPSs, NDE & testing 8.1.3

Or I E

394

Approve use of on-stream welding 8.1.3

O

395

Approve repair welding of cracks 8.1.3

E

396

Approve all repair and alteration work at hold points 8.1.3

I

397

Approve all repair and alteration work at completion of work 8.1.3

I

398

Design temporary repairs 8.1.4.1

E

399

Determine longitudinal cracks won’t grow beyond a FW patch 8.1.4.1

E

400

Approve using lap patches with a material different than the pipe 8.1.4.1

E

401

Determine that wall thickness is adequate for on-stream welding 8.1.4.1

I

402

Allow temporary welded repairs to remain in place past “next opportunity” 8.1.4.1

E

403

Allow temp leak sealing devices to remain in place past “next opportunity” 8.1.5

E

404

Review leak sealing procedures 8.1.5

Or I E

405

Maintain record of qualified WPS’s and WPQ’s 8.2.2

Repair Org

406

Allow exceptions to required preheat temperature for temporary repairs 8.2.3.2

E

407

Check preheat temperature when using Preheat in lieu of PWHT 8.2.3.2

I

408

Review the use of Preheat in lieu of PWHT 8.2.3.2

E

409

Exceptions to PWHT on temporary repairs 8.2.3.3

E

410

Review the use of a local PWHT in lieu of a full encirclement PWHT 8.2.3.3

E

411

Determine whether a pressure test is needed after repairs 8.2.7

I

412

Approve substituting NDE in lieu of a pressure test 8.2.7

And I E

413

Perform rerating calcs 8.3

Or I E