Apart from time course, what are some ways to differentiate delirium from dementia?
Conscious state and attention are usually normal in dementia whereas they are usually impaired in delirium
What are some precipitationg factors of delirium?
Acute brain pathology
What is CAM? What is it used for?
Confusion Assessment Method
Assessment of delirium
What is the main use of the MMSE?
Screening tool for dementia
What is BPSD?
Behavioural and psychiological symptoms of dementia
What are the main causes of dementia?
Dementia with Lewy bodies
What types of delirium are there?
Hyperactive and hypoactive
What are some categories of symptoms in schizophrenia and some examples?
Positive symptoms: Hallucinations
Negative symptoms: Anhedonia
Cognitive symptoms: executive dysfunction
Functional symptoms: Work/study
Pathiophysiologically what is delirium?
Total brain dysfunction
What are some predisposing factors for the development of delirium?
Preexisting cognitive impairment
Sensory impairment or stimulation
Multiple existing co-morbidies
How does delirium symptoms change throughout the day?
Invariably worse at night