Approach to Disturbed Behaviour Flashcards Preview

Hugh's MD2 Foundation > Approach to Disturbed Behaviour > Flashcards

Flashcards in Approach to Disturbed Behaviour Deck (11):
1

Apart from time course, what are some ways to differentiate delirium from dementia?

Conscious state and attention are usually normal in dementia whereas they are usually impaired in delirium

2

What are some precipitationg factors of delirium?

Medication

Medical problems

Surgery

Acute brain pathology

Altered environment

Substance withdrawal

3

What is CAM? What is it used for?

Confusion Assessment Method

Assessment of delirium

4

What is the main use of the MMSE?

Screening tool for dementia

5

What is BPSD?

Behavioural and psychiological symptoms of dementia

6

What are the main causes of dementia?

Parkinson's

Vascular

Dementia with Lewy bodies

Fronto-temporal dementia

7

What types of delirium are there?

Hyperactive and hypoactive

Mixed

8

What are some categories of symptoms in schizophrenia and some examples?

Positive symptoms: Hallucinations

Negative symptoms: Anhedonia

Cognitive symptoms: executive dysfunction

Functional symptoms: Work/study

Impaired insight

9

Pathiophysiologically what is delirium?

Total brain dysfunction

10

What are some predisposing factors for the development of delirium?

Increasing age

Preexisting cognitive impairment

Polypharmacy

Sensory impairment or stimulation

Multiple existing co-morbidies

11

How does delirium symptoms change throughout the day?

Invariably worse at night