Flashcards in Approaches -Origins Deck (11):
Psychology is the scientific study of the mind, behaviour and experience.
Wundt set up
Set up first ever psychology lab in Germany, 1875
To systematically study mental processes using a technique called introspection
Analysing how the mind works by asking people to think carefully about how they do mental tasks.
Wundt's contribution to psychology
😀 one of first people to argue for scientific methods to study human thinking
🙁 introspection was found to be unreliable, too subjective, and subject to demand characteristics
Emergency of psychology as a science
1920s - more scientific methods
1950s- cognitive psychologists conducting experiments by manipulating certain variables and making inferences
Key features of science (4)
Knowledge is gained by developing theories and testing the theories by direct observation and data gathering
Why do theories need to be falsifiable?
Because we cannot test everybody, there is always a chance that there are exceptions to the theory. We cannot prove the theory is true.
White/Black swan analogy
Advantages to scientific approach
- Helps to develop treatments or social policies
- Breaking down complex processes to testable hypothesis enables to understand human behaviour better