APUSH: Chapter 9-12 Review (Freeman's Review) [DONE] Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in APUSH: Chapter 9-12 Review (Freeman's Review) [DONE] Deck (43):
1

Alexander Hamilton (4)

favored the wealthier class

thought to be one of the most intelligent men in the colonies

based the bank on the "elastic" clause in the Constitution

infringed on States' rights

2

Barbary coast Pirates...

threatened American commerce in the Mediterranean

3

Big States...

were appeased with the idea that tax measures start in the House

4

Britain

occupied a chain of trading forts in the Old Northwest

5

by 1783 America... (3)

was free

had lots of land

legacy of self government, but had no guarantees to succeed

6

Federalists...

advocated rule by the best people

7

France

demanded repayment of wartime loans from America

8

Henry Clay (2)

was from the "West"

wanted cheap money from unregulated banks <-- favored in the west

9

Impressment was... (2)

an act of kidnapping

forced "enlistment" into British army / navy

10

in the Revolution of 1800...

presidential election power was transferred peacefully from federalist to antifederalists

11

in the Monroe Doctrine...

non-colonization was to save Alaska and Oregon from Russia

12

James Madison...

was called the "Father of the Constitution"

13

Large-state plan...

wanted representation in the House and Senate based on population

14

Liberals and Conservatives...

favored the democratic revolution

15

Marbury v. Madison.... (2)

spelled out who had the right to determine the meaning of the Constitution

the doctrine of Judicial Review of congressional legislation

16

The Missouri Compromise...

banned slavery north of 36 degrees 30' in the Louisiana Purchase

17

Most states...

reduced property-holding requirements for voting

18

Nationalism (5)

could be seen in paintings, architecture in DC, bigger army and navy, and literature

19

Northwest Ordinance of 1787

prohibited slavery in the Old Northwest

20

Opposition to the constitution (2)

rested on the absence of a bill of rights

became first job of the new government

21

over speculation in the frontier lands

caused the Panic of 1819

22

President James Madison shouldn't have...

accepted Napoleon's word on anything

23

Resolution from the Hartford Convention...

helped to bring an end to the federalist party

established a one-party rule

24

the Sedition Act...

violated the 1st amendment

alien and sedition acts were to silence and punish critics of federalists

25

Shay's Rebellion...

showed the need for a stronger central government

26

Slavery was not...

legal in the Old Northwest

27

Spain...

controlled important trade routes from the interior of North America

28

State documents were intended to...

represent a fundamental law superior to ordinary legislation

29

Struggle for the separation of church and state was fiercest in...?

Virginia

30

The Constitutional Convention was...

supposed to revise the Articles of Confederation

31

the war of 1812 was supported by...?

people in the west and the south

32

New England states supported...

the British army

33

who was successful in the war of 1812?

the American's navy (on seas)

34

The battle of new Orleans brought....

a wave of nationalism

35

the was a lot of debate on...

how to reconcile states' rights with strong national government

36

What did Thomas Jefferson do?

enacted an economic embargo to deal with Britain and France

37

Jefferson favored... (7)

beliefs... etc.

the states retaining the majority of political power

ideal citizen = farmer

didn't believe in a strong central gov

supported from the south and west

moderate public policy

opposed federal judges appointed at the last possible moment

left almost all federal economic programs in place

38

Jefferson's first foreign policy decision... (2)

was a navy to the Mediterranean

sent envoys to France in 1803 to buy New Orleans

39

America stayed...

neutral when France and Britain went to war

40

weakness of Articles of Confederation?

lack of enforcement with tax collecting

41

Whiskey Rebellion was the result of ...

the excise tax enacted by Hamilton

42

Women...

were now the keepers of the nation's conscious

43

the XYZ Affair caused...

an undeclared war b/t the USA and France