Arches of the foot: clinical Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Arches of the foot: clinical Deck (10):

How can a high medial longitudinal arch be problematic?

lack ability to shock absorb during walking
increased degree of stress is placed on the ball and heel of the foot


What are the symptoms of pes cavus?

pain in the foot - can radiate to ankle, leg, thigh, hip
this pain is transmitted up the lower limb from the foot due to unusually high stress placed on the hindfoot (back of foot) - during the heel strike of the gait cycle


What are the causes of pes cavus?

can be idiopathic, hereditary, due to an underlying congenital foot problem e.g. club foot / secondary to neuromuscular damage e.g. poliomyelitis (polio)


How is pes cavus managed?

by supporting foot through the use of special shoes or sole cushioning inserts
reducing amount of weight the foot has to bare can be advantages - through weight loss


What is pes planus?

common condition where the longitudinal arches of the foot have been lost


When do arches develop?

about 2-3 years of age - flat feet during infancy is normal


What can cause pes planus?

by tight tendons of the foot
damage to tissues through direct injury / trauma
in some people, the arches just never form


What can pes planus cause?

normally few symptoms
in children can result in foot and ankle pain
in adults: feet may ache after prolonged activity


What is the treatment for pes planus?

use of arch-supporting inserts for shoes


What is Pes Cavus?

a foot condition characterised by an unusually high MEDIAL longitudinal arch