Arches of the foot: clinical Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Arches of the foot: clinical Deck (10):
1

How can a high medial longitudinal arch be problematic?

lack ability to shock absorb during walking
increased degree of stress is placed on the ball and heel of the foot

2

What are the symptoms of pes cavus?

pain in the foot - can radiate to ankle, leg, thigh, hip
this pain is transmitted up the lower limb from the foot due to unusually high stress placed on the hindfoot (back of foot) - during the heel strike of the gait cycle

3

What are the causes of pes cavus?

can be idiopathic, hereditary, due to an underlying congenital foot problem e.g. club foot / secondary to neuromuscular damage e.g. poliomyelitis (polio)

4

How is pes cavus managed?

by supporting foot through the use of special shoes or sole cushioning inserts
reducing amount of weight the foot has to bare can be advantages - through weight loss

5

What is pes planus?

common condition where the longitudinal arches of the foot have been lost

6

When do arches develop?

about 2-3 years of age - flat feet during infancy is normal

7

What can cause pes planus?

by tight tendons of the foot
damage to tissues through direct injury / trauma
in some people, the arches just never form

8

What can pes planus cause?

normally few symptoms
in children can result in foot and ankle pain
in adults: feet may ache after prolonged activity

9

What is the treatment for pes planus?

use of arch-supporting inserts for shoes

10

What is Pes Cavus?

a foot condition characterised by an unusually high MEDIAL longitudinal arch