Flashcards in Aristotle Deck (11):
What were Aristotle’s four causes?
1) material cause
2) formal cause
3) efficient cause
4) final cause
What was Aristotle’s approach to philosophy?
What’s the material cause?
Components that make up something
What’s the efficient cause?
The thing that makes something happen
What’s the formal cause?
The characteristics something has
What’s the final cause?
The telos of something
What are the characteristics of the prime mover?
Eternal, state of pure actuality (not capable of change), transcendent, immaterial
How does the prime mover cause motion?
Everything is attracted towards its perfection
Who presented an analogy for the relationship between the prime mover and the world and what was this analogy?
Gerry Hughes: similar to a saucer of milk and a cat
Arguments supporting Aristotle’s theory
Liebnitz: principle of sufficient reason supports that everything in the world needs an explanation