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Flashcards in Aristotle Deck (11):
1

What were Aristotle’s four causes?

1) material cause
2) formal cause
3) efficient cause
4) final cause

2

What was Aristotle’s approach to philosophy?

A posteriori

3

What’s the material cause?

Components that make up something

4

What’s the efficient cause?

The thing that makes something happen

5

What’s the formal cause?

The characteristics something has

6

What’s the final cause?

The telos of something

7

What are the characteristics of the prime mover?

Eternal, state of pure actuality (not capable of change), transcendent, immaterial

8

How does the prime mover cause motion?

Everything is attracted towards its perfection

9

Who presented an analogy for the relationship between the prime mover and the world and what was this analogy?

Gerry Hughes: similar to a saucer of milk and a cat

10

Arguments supporting Aristotle’s theory

Liebnitz: principle of sufficient reason supports that everything in the world needs an explanation

11

Arguments against Aristotle’s theory

1) nietzche said there’s no need for a final cause
2) can inanimate objects have a purpose?
3) prime mover doesn’t support the god of abrahamic religion
4) Universe is a ‘brute fact’- modern cosmology (evolution, Big Bang, contradict idea that universe and matter have telos)