Flashcards in Arson Deck (66)
A) accelerant containers
B) attempts for century
C) broken windows
D) for stores
Three-yards and buildings of fire effected property
Four-periphery of the structured self
five-distance to bree we are scattered, praticularly if drums, cylinders have exploded.
Determining seat of the fire, fire safety officer (fco) will consider.
WWW SS CD PR
When first noticed the fire-where they were at the time
wind direction or the spread.
State of fire at the time
Severity of the damage
Colour of the flames/smoke
Depth of charring
Presence of starting device
Reports and opinions of other specialists.
External exam may reveal
Business appears to be struggling
Contents of our buildings missing
Pre-lim internal exam
Soups bomb ll
Signs of hardship
Owner/occupier attitude during walk-through
Presence of accelerant containers or trails
Separate unrelated seats of fire
Open filing cabinet/files missing
Missing family photos/personal items
Building in need of repairs
Lack of clothing in wardrobe
Detailed internal exam
Damage to wall studs
Smoke deposits and burn patterns
Damage to roofing timbers
Soot deposits on windows/glass
Damage to windowsills/door edges
Skirting board damage
Elimination of false low burns
Removal of fire debris and under floor inspection
Floor areas burnt through
Who attends conferences?
Police SOCO and fingerprints
Fire investigation liaison officer (FILO)
Specialist fire investigator
Following a conference you should then?
Appoint exhibits officer
Appoint crime scene coordinator if required
Appoint scene examination
Advise fire investigation liaison officer
At the conclusion of the examination the fire investigator will be able to determine?
One -area of origin
Two-point of origin
Three- the seat of the fire
Describe exhibit handling?
-Photograph in situ label and preserve exhibits
-use approved arse and cats or suitable containers
-take control of samples
Chard timber, ashes from Sera fire. Examine and compare with samples from other parts.
any accelerants found near scene
Soil from surrounding area.
What are the five modes of offending?
One) you may identify suspects by means of-
Circumstances of fire
Info from informant/witnesses
Two) possible suspects may include
Owner/occupier insurance fraud
Criminal-cover traces of crime
Three) investigate suspects (thoroughly and according to priority)
Criminal history and associates
Conferences must be held during the scene examination to assist with?
3-ID possible motives
5-plan further inquiries
Points of origin
In the exact location where
A malicious fire was started
An accidental fire originated
A component failed
Fire personnel to interview at scene?
OC first attending appliance
Fire incident controller
Fire safety officer
Fire investigation coordinator
Questions to ask the owner?
When premises was last secured
Whether they know the cause of the fire
Details of insurance
Type of business
Actions leading up to fire
Difference between gas explosion and somebody setting off and explosion?
Explosions caused by gas generally cover a wide area and also don’t leave a crater then those caused by an explosive.
Medical evidence in relation to gas in hailed can be present.
Explosives initial action
Regular sit reps to in NBDC
Inform national bomb data centre at police national headquarters.
Could be secondary explosive-don’t touch anything
Evacuate hundred meter zone, insure all personal Items are taken
Don’t use cell phones or radios
If IED located, contact IED operator, consider arm services
Cool stuff blows up
What do fire offices/investigators look for and fire damage?
Decomposition of property
Things to suggest fire was started wilfully?
Evidence of accelerants, uneven burning
Smell of petrol or chemicals
Furniture rearranged to create firebase
Intentional removal of valuable property
Unusual rapid spread
Windows/skylights left open for draft
Heating, soldering iron, other electrical appliance left on
Crime had been committed
Evidence of tampering with smoke/sprinkle system
What effect does fire have on timber steel concrete and masonry?
Will normally burn in China. In most instances if that enough it will maintain sufficient integrity.
Initial stages of fire, unprotected steel will expand causing external and internal walls to push out. However if there is sufficient fuel unprotected steel will lose strength and collapse pulling walls inwardly.
Concrete can break away at the surface and also collapse. Steel reinforcing maybe exposed and lose it’s tensile strength.
Can be weakened by deterioration Of the mortar. Expansion and cracking of walls or damage to structural members.
When executing the warrant, what should you look for?
Traces of debris from the scene
Photograph evidence in situ before deceased (take care not to destroy anything a prince)
Issue a police 268 for any property seized.
Common electrical ignition sources and techniques?
Heaters and clothing
Electric lamp and petrol igniters
Ignition of the main switchboard wiring by use of gas torch applied to the earth or natural bars.
Fallen table or standard lamp in conjunction with combustible material’s
Toaster with nearby curtains
Leaving a pot of Stew on the stove element
Ceiling exhaust fans
The police responsibilities at a fire scene and Investigation are?
-Conduct a criminal investigation or Coronial enquiry
-undertake responsibility for the protection, collection and recording of forensic evidence.
-the collection and removal of material from a fire crime scene will only be done by police or other agencies with the authority to remove evidence
The preservation, analysis and subsequent disposition of any material is the responsibility of police or other agency.
Section 32 fire services act 1975 powers?
Police may exercise these powers under section 28 of the fire service act 1975 if quarter porn to do so by the member of the fire service in charge of the fire.
Natural causes of fire?
Rodent eating through wire
Interest is not defined by legislation
However the courts have held that tenancy of a property constitutes as an interest in it.
When conducting a preliminary internal exam of a fire scene where should you start?
The area of lease damage working towards the area of most damage.
In criminal law context there are two specific types of intent in an offence.
Firstly there must be an intention to commit an act and secondly an intention to get a specific result.