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Flashcards in Arson Deck (66)
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31

External exam

Five reasons

One-Adjoining premises-
A) accelerant containers
B) attempts for century
C) broken windows
D) for stores

Two-nearby alleyways/streets/driveways

Three-yards and buildings of fire effected property

Four-periphery of the structured self

five-distance to bree we are scattered, praticularly if drums, cylinders have exploded.

32

Determining seat of the fire, fire safety officer (fco) will consider.

WWW SS CD PR

Witness reports

When first noticed the fire-where they were at the time

wind direction or the spread.

State of fire at the time

Severity of the damage

Colour of the flames/smoke

Depth of charring

Presence of starting device

Reports and opinions of other specialists.

33

External exam may reveal

(ABCP)

Accelerant containers

Business appears to be struggling

Contents of our buildings missing

Property rundown

34

Pre-lim internal exam

Soups bomb ll

Signs of hardship

Owner/occupier attitude during walk-through

Unusual odours

Presence of accelerant containers or trails

Separate unrelated seats of fire

Burn patterns

Open filing cabinet/files missing

Missing family photos/personal items

Building in need of repairs

Lack of clothing in wardrobe

Low stock

35

Detailed internal exam

DSDSDS SERF

Damage to wall studs

Smoke deposits and burn patterns

Damage to roofing timbers

Soot deposits on windows/glass

Damage to windowsills/door edges

Skirting board damage

Spalling

Elimination of false low burns

Removal of fire debris and under floor inspection

Floor areas burnt through

36

Who attends conferences?
7

OC cib
OC investigations
Police photographer
Police SOCO and fingerprints
Fire investigation liaison officer (FILO)
Specialist fire investigator
Other specialists

37

Following a conference you should then?

AAAA

Appoint exhibits officer

Appoint crime scene coordinator if required

Appoint scene examination

Advise fire investigation liaison officer

38

At the conclusion of the examination the fire investigator will be able to determine?

One -area of origin

Two-point of origin

Three- the seat of the fire

39

Describe exhibit handling?

-Photograph in situ label and preserve exhibits

-use approved arse and cats or suitable containers

-take control of samples

Chard timber, ashes from Sera fire. Examine and compare with samples from other parts.

any accelerants found near scene

Soil from surrounding area.

40

What are the five modes of offending?

Modus operandi

Motive

Intent

Opportunity

Capability

41

Suspect enquiries?

One) you may identify suspects by means of-

Circumstances of fire

Fingerprints

Info from informant/witnesses

Media response

Two) possible suspects may include

Owner/occupier insurance fraud

Employee-cover-up theft/fraud

Criminal-cover traces of crime

Pyromaniac

Three) investigate suspects (thoroughly and according to priority)

For particulars

Criminal history and associates

Vehicles

Photograph

42

Possible motives?

Profit

Fraud

Jealousy

Crime concealment

Excitement

Vandalism

Pyromaniac

43

Conferences must be held during the scene examination to assist with?

(Five)

RAPII -D

1-assessing information

2-reconstructing

3-ID possible motives

4-ID suspects

5-plan further inquiries

44

Points of origin

In the exact location where

MAC

A malicious fire was started

An accidental fire originated

A component failed

45

Fire personnel to interview at scene?

(Five)

OC first attending appliance

Fire incident controller

Firefighters

Fire safety officer

Fire investigation coordinator

46

Questions to ask the owner?

When premises was last secured

Whether they know the cause of the fire

Details of insurance

Any suspects

Type of business

Actions leading up to fire

47

Difference between gas explosion and somebody setting off and explosion?

Explosions caused by gas generally cover a wide area and also don’t leave a crater then those caused by an explosive.

Medical evidence in relation to gas in hailed can be present.

48

Explosives initial action

(rice dic)

Regular sit reps to in NBDC

Inform national bomb data centre at police national headquarters.

Could be secondary explosive-don’t touch anything

Evacuate hundred meter zone, insure all personal Items are taken

Don’t use cell phones or radios

If IED located, contact IED operator, consider arm services

Cool stuff blows up

49

What do fire offices/investigators look for and fire damage?

DSS

Soot

Smoke damage

Decomposition of property

50

Things to suggest fire was started wilfully?

Accelerants

Evidence of accelerants, uneven burning

Smell of petrol or chemicals

Furniture

Furniture rearranged to create firebase

Hindering Access

Intentional removal of valuable property

Fire

Multiple seats

Uneven burning

Unusual rapid spread

Building

Windows/skylights left open for draft

Heating, soldering iron, other electrical appliance left on

Crime had been committed

Evidence of tampering with smoke/sprinkle system

51

What effect does fire have on timber steel concrete and masonry?

Timber

Will normally burn in China. In most instances if that enough it will maintain sufficient integrity.

Steel

Initial stages of fire, unprotected steel will expand causing external and internal walls to push out. However if there is sufficient fuel unprotected steel will lose strength and collapse pulling walls inwardly.

Concrete

Concrete can break away at the surface and also collapse. Steel reinforcing maybe exposed and lose it’s tensile strength.

Masonry

Can be weakened by deterioration Of the mortar. Expansion and cracking of walls or damage to structural members.

52

When executing the warrant, what should you look for?

Accelerants

Containers

Igniters

Wick fabric

Traces of debris from the scene

Photograph evidence in situ before deceased (take care not to destroy anything a prince)

Issue a police 268 for any property seized.

53

Common electrical ignition sources and techniques?

Heaters and clothing

Electric lamp and petrol igniters

Ignition of the main switchboard wiring by use of gas torch applied to the earth or natural bars.

Fallen table or standard lamp in conjunction with combustible material’s

Toaster with nearby curtains

Leaving a pot of Stew on the stove element

Ceiling exhaust fans

54

The police responsibilities at a fire scene and Investigation are?

-Conduct a criminal investigation or Coronial enquiry

-undertake responsibility for the protection, collection and recording of forensic evidence.

-the collection and removal of material from a fire crime scene will only be done by police or other agencies with the authority to remove evidence

The preservation, analysis and subsequent disposition of any material is the responsibility of police or other agency.

55

Section 32 fire services act 1975 powers?

Police may exercise these powers under section 28 of the fire service act 1975 if quarter porn to do so by the member of the fire service in charge of the fire.

56

Natural causes of fire?

Sunrays

Lightning

Static electricity

Chemical reactions

Rodent eating through wire

57

Definitions interest

Interest is not defined by legislation

However the courts have held that tenancy of a property constitutes as an interest in it.

58

When conducting a preliminary internal exam of a fire scene where should you start?

The area of lease damage working towards the area of most damage.

59

Definition intent?

In criminal law context there are two specific types of intent in an offence.

Firstly there must be an intention to commit an act and secondly an intention to get a specific result.

60

What is a clean path method?

When the path is created to the centre of the scene by rolling clean unused rolls of plastic or using Stepping plates.

Having an analyst immediately start swapping the area working outwards from the seat

Vertical sheets of iron adjacent are often good sources of residue.