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Flashcards in Art 101-150 Deck (51):
1

name three advancements in technology since the renaissance that have improved painting

paint tubes, color theory, acrylic paint, and the use of synthetic material in paintbrushes.

2

when did artists begin to use canvas instead of wood panels for painting

artists began switching to canvas during the late renaissance. In fact, titian was one of the first to do this

3

who was the author of on the law of simultaneous colour contrast and the arrangement of coloured objects, written in 1839

eugene chevreul

4

what is print making

the process of producing multiple exact copies of an original design

5

what are the four main types of printmaking processes

relief, intaglio, lithography, and screen painting

6

4 powerful european rulers in the 17th and 18th centuries

empress maria theresa, peter the great, catherine the great, and louis XIV

7

jean jacques rousseau

enlightenment philosopher who protested the low standards of living of the peasantry

8

baroque

rich color and ornamentation in artworks from the baroque period

9

caravaggio

italian baroque painter renowned for use of chiaroscuro and naturalism

10

artemisia gentileschi

painter notable for her adaptation of caravaggios techniques

11

gianlorenzo bernini

17th century baroque sculptor, architect, painter, and draftsman known for the ecstasy of saint teresa

12

peter paul rubens

early 15th century painter known for his influential energetic and colorful works

13

francois boucher

18th century french painter influenced by jean antoine watteau depicting elegantly dressed nobles in the countryside

14

style that violated artistic subject-matter conventions

pop art

15

pop art icon whose work mocked the art world

Andy Warhol

16

pop artist who used comic book style illustration

Roy Lichenstein

17

pop artist who used industrial stencils in his art

Robert Indiana

18

artistic style that reduced art to bare essentials

Minimalism

19

acrylic paint and the airbrush

TWO innovations that enabled Minimalist "hard-edge painting"

20

Minimalist painter known for large, non-objective works

Frank Stella

21

David Smith and Don Flavin

TWO sculptors who created large abstract minimalist works

22

artistic style where subjects are depicted in sharp focus

Photorealism

23

TWO photorealist artists who revived Gustave Courbet's Realism

Chuck Close and Duanne Hanson

24

two artists who "packaged" landscapes with fabric and plastic

Christo and Jeanne-Claude

25

Cristo, Jeanne-Claude, Michael Heizer, and Robert Smithson

four artists associated with Earthworks

26

style combining theatre and art where artists themselves become the work

Performance Art

27

20th-century artistic style reintroducing traditional elements o exaggerating Modernist ones

Postmodernist

28

the Great Wall

the most famous work of Ancient Chinese art

29

Chines emperor whose tomb contains a lifesized clay army

Qin

30

period of Chinese history often referred to as a "golden age"

Tang dynasty

31

number of languages and dialects spoken in INdia

over 1600

32

TWO religions with strong influences on Indian art

Buddhism and Hinduism

33

religion with strong influence on Japanese art

Buddhism

34

African nation containing some of the oldest examples of cave painting

Namibia

35

Civilization that arose in Nigeria around 500 BCE influenced the Yoruba

Nok

36

Nigerian civilization that produced cast bronze portrait heads and other ceremonial objects

Benin Kingdom

37

ceremonial African and Oceania art pieces intended for use in performances

masks

38

islands composing Polynesia, Melanesia, and Micronesia

Oceania

39

important expression of social structure in Polynesia

tatoos

40

cultural group in Melanesia who produced carved wooden shields

Asmat

41

location where Islam emerged

Arabian Peninsula

42

the holy book of Islam

the Quaran

43

formal analysis

analysis of the visual qualities of an artwork

44

What basic assumption informs formal analysis of art?

The artist makes decisions on the visual aspects of artwork that can reveal meaning of the piece.

45

What two skills are necessary for formal analysis?

observation and description

46

contextual analysis

looking outside of the artwork itself to determine its meaning

47

What four historical facts does contextual analysis examine?

cultural, social, religious, and economic context of an artwork

48

the Second New Deal

New Deal policies enacted in 1935 and later

49

THREE new deal agencies still in existence today

federal deposit insurance company, securities and exchange commission, and the social security system

50

political system that many people claimed FDR's policies would lead to

communism

51

the Red Scare

fear of communism in the US post- russian revolution