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Flashcards in art 251-300 Deck (50):
1

Frank Stella

Minimalist painter known for large, non-objective works

2

TWO sculptors who created large abstract minimalist works

David Smith and Dan Flavin

3

Photorealism

artistic style where subject are depicted in strong focus

4

TWO photorealist artist who revived Gustave Courbet's Realism

Chuck Close and Duane Hanson

5

Christo and Jeanne-Claude

two artists who "packaged" landscapes with fabric and plastic

6

four artists associated with Earthworks

Christ, Jeanne-Claude, Michael Heizer and Robert Smithson

7

Performance Art

style combining theater and art where artists themselves become the work

8

Postmodernist

20th-century artistic style reintroducing traditional elements or exaggerating Modernist ones

9

the most famous work of Ancient Chinese art

the Great Wall

10

Chinese emperor whose tomb contains a life-sized clay army

Qin

11

Tang dynasty

period of Chinese history often referred to as a "golden age"

12

number of languages and dialects spoken in India

over 1600

13

TWO religions with strong influences on Indian art

Buddhism and Hinduism

14

religion with strong influence on Japanese art

Buddhism

15

African nation containing some of the oldest examples of cave painting

Namibia

16

Nok

civilization that arose in Nigeria around 500 B.C.E., influenced the Yoruba

17

Benin Kingdom

Nigerian civilization that produced cast bronze portrait heads and other ceremonial objects

18

ceremonial African and Oceania art pieces intended for use in performances

masks

19

term used to Renaissance artists following Botticelli Donatello

High Renaissance artists

20

what makes up the innermost ring of stonehenge

a horsehoe shaped row of five lintel topped sarsen stones

21

where are the largest stones in stonehenge found

in the innermost ring

22

where is the heel stone relative to stonehenge

in the east of stonehenge

23

what does the heel stone mark in relation to stonehenge

the place where the sun rises on the midsummer solstice as seen from the center of stonehenge

24

where is mesopotamia

the valley between the tigris and euphrates rivers

25

what geographic characteristic weakened the mesopotamian civilizations

a lack of natural barriers to ward off invaders

26

why do so few examples of mesopotamian art exist

mesopotamians used perishable materials and region witnessed much conflict and destruction

27

jean dominique ingres

pupil of jacques louis david who exemplified neoclassical style

28

eugene delacroix

painter and leaderof the romantic movement

29

romanticism

style returning to the barquoe emphasis on emotional qualities

30

3 important romantic artists

eugene deacroix william blake and theodore gericault

31

realism

style of painting emphasizing the use of all features of a subject

32

gustave courbet

leader of realist movement who painted the stonebreakers

33

the brightness or purity of a color

intensity

34

warm colors

red, orange, yellow

35

cool colors

green, blue, violet

36

the "true" color of an object

local color

37

the effect that special lighting has on the colors of objects

optical color

38

how things feel or how we think they would feel

texture

39

organization of the elements of art

composition

40

movement or pattern in a work of art

rhythm

41

the two aspects of repetition

motif and pattern

42

a single element of a pattern

motif

43

equal distribution of visual weight in an artwork

balance

44

slight variation of shapes or objects around the central axis

approximate symmetry

45

visual balance of disparate objects

asymmetrical balance

46

point where the eye tends to rest

focal point

47

relationships between objects' sizes in artwork

proportion

48

FIVE drawing tools

pencil, pen, charcoal, crayon, felt-tip marker

49

drawing technique used to change color values

shading

50

shading with closely set parallel lines

hatching