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Flashcards in art 301-350 Deck (50):
1

shading with crisscrossed lines

crosshatching

2

shading with varying densities of small colored dots

stippling

3

FOUR styles of printmaking

relief, intaglio, lithograph, and screen painting

4

printing plate in which the image is created

matrix

5

process where pieces of matrix are cut away so the image projects from the surface

relief printmaking

6

tool used to apply ink to a plate

brayer

7

TWO tools used to transfer ink from a plate to a page

printing press and burnisher

8

an environemental artist must first do what before beginning a project?

recieve approval for his or her work from community and governmental agencies

9

this environmental artist usedr rocks and algae to create a huge spiral in the great salt lake

robert smithson

10

this environmental artist surrounded islands in florida with pink polyester and wrapped pont neuf of paris with plastic

christo

11

this environmental artist is known for his ice sculptures and his arrangements of leaves and twigs floating on water

andy goldsworthy

12

what structures are the greatest known works of the sumerian reestablishment period?

ziggurats built at city centers

13

what THREE purposes did ziggurats serve?

temples, administrative, and economic centers

14

which city state conquered Mesopotamia in 1792 BCE?

babylonia

15

who was the king of babylonia during its conquest of mesopotamia?

Hammurabi

16

what legal achievment was hammurabi's enduring legacy?

he codified the babylonian law into the Code of Hammurabi

17

what two works of art from hammurabi's rule and best known today?

a stone steele engraved with hammurabi's code and a relief sculpture of hammurabi

18

where is the stone stele containing hammurabi's code kept?

the lourve museum

19

which civilization dominated northern mesopotamia from 900 to 600 bce?

the assyrians

20

most notable medium of assyrian artwork

relief carvings

21

civilization which controlled Mesopotamia between 612 and 538 bce

babylonians

22

two important architectural constructs built during the Neo-Babylonian period

the hanging gardens and the Ishtar Gate

23

architectural style that influenced the design of the palace at Persepolis

Egyptian

24

four major works produced during the Ancient Egyptian period

Sphynx, pyramids of Giza, Pharoah statues, and head of Queen Nefertiti

25

hierarchal scale

determining figures relative size in an artwork according to their social status

26

egyptian artifact exemplyfying the use of hierarchal scale

the Palette of Kind Narmer

27

function of Palette of King Narmer

mixing cosmetics

28

main image of palette of king narmer

narmer holding the hair of a fallen enemy and preparing to deliver a death blow

29

fractional representation

a method of presenting figures so that the body is shown as clearly as possible

30

what burial practices did egyptians observe?

mummification and entombment with furnishings, jewelry, and servants

31

egyptian king whose famously well hidden tomb was uncovered in 1922

tutankhamen

32

kingdom that covered much of africa during the reign of ancient egypt

nubia

33

cycladic

aegean culture that flourished from 3200 to 2000 bce in the cyclades

34

minoan

aegean culture which supplanted the cycladic culture on crete, peaking around 1000 bce

35

knossos

central city in minoan culture, believed to be the home of the minotaur

36

minotaur

half man, half bull creature believed to have lived in a maze in knossos

37

two major forms of minoan painting

frescoes on palace walls and pottery designs

38

mycenaean

aegean culture whose rise coincided with the fall of the minoans

39

mycenae

central city of the mycenaean culture

40

material used in the best known mycenaean works of art

gold

41

archaic period

period in history lasting from 660 to 475 bce

42

two regions whose sculptures influenced archaic greek sculptures

egypt and mesopotamia

43

two column styles used in archaic greek temple construction

doric and ionic

44

corinthian style of pottery decoration

depicting figures against a floral ornamented background

45

common column style used in early classical period temples

doric

46

contrapposto, or counter positioning

greek pose invented to show the body to its best advantage

47

middle classical period

art historical period following the early classical period

48

late classical period

period in which architecture declined after athen's defeat in the peloponnesian war

49

corinthian column design

column design which became popluar in the late classical period

50

hellenistic period

art historical period that saw increased influence of eastern civilizations on greek works