Flashcards in art 351-400 Deck (59):
two notable sculptures from the hellenistic period representing ideals of beauty
the Venus de Milo and the Lacoon Group
italian civilization whose art represents a transistion from greek to roman artistic styles
art medium for which etruscan civilization is largely known
two roman innovations in the fields pf architecture and engineering
concrete and curved arch
two surviving buildings that exemplify roman engineering genius
the colosseum and the pantheon
type of sculpture adorning roman triumphal arches and tombs
style of that grew out of dissatisfaction with strict salon rules
predecessor of the impressionists juxtaposing bright contrasting colors in his work
which civilization lived in mesopotamia from 4000 to 2340 B.C.E.
what wads the central aspect of sumerian life
temple like structures that developed out of mesoptamian platforms
who took over sumer around 2340 BCE
Sargon of akkad
how did the akkadians deal with sumerian culture
what was the akkadean equivalent of sumerian loyalty
loyalty to the kin g
who overthrew the akkadians around 2150 BCE
how did the akkadian loyalty to the king affect akkadian art
akkadians erected sculptures of their rulers
who took control of sumer about 60 years after the guti invasion
who was named king when the summering retook control of sumer
what is joel delong's middle name
what did the dog say to the tree
why did the chicken cross the street
what does everyone love.... to eat
Italian city which contain Byzantine mosaic walls
Constantinople building considered on of the greatest architectural achievements in history
the Hagia Sophia
central institution in medieval society
two materials used as paper during the medieval period
vellum and parchment
two notable medieval illuminated manuscripts
the Book of Kells and the Coronation Gospels
medieval culture noted for metalwork
nomadic Germanic peoples
Medieval culture noted for woodwork
hybrid artistic style created in Viking invasions of England and Ireland
churches based around Roman arches, built in the early part of the late Medieval
tunnel of arches used in Romanesque churches
arch-shaped structure used as a ceiling or roof000 support
architectural style commonly used in churches that developed in the early 12th century
framework stone ribs under the intersection of vaulted ceiling sections
additional bracing material and arches placed on the exterior of buildings
Giotto di Bondone
early Renasiassance FLorentine artist best known for his frescoes
primary patrons of art during the Renaissance
social class including painters and sculptors that was looked down upon until the REnaissance
sculptor who won a FLoretine competition in 1400 to design doors of a new baptistery
Florentine sculptor and architect who helped develop linear perspective
development in perspective created by Filippo
linear (single vanishing point) perspective
Renaissance painter known for using linear and aerial perspective
Renaissance artist widely considered the founder of modern sculpture
The Birth of Venus
painting by Botticelli that established an enduring image of female beauty
How do environmental factors influence the preservation of artifacts?
Dry climates delicate materials while humid areas cause them to deteriorate
Why has art history tended to focus on Western art?
Western areas have the best preserved and most easily accessible artworks
Where is the Chauvet Cave?
When were the Chauvet Cave paintings made?
When were the Chauvet Cave paintings discovered?
What two materials were used in the Chauvet Cave paintings?
red ochre and black charcoal
What five animals are depicted in the Chauvet Cave paintings?
horses, rhinoceros, lions, buffalos, and mammoths
In what age were the Chauvet Cave paintings created?
The Old Stone Age
In what two countries have cave paintings been discovered?
France and Spain
Where are the most famous later cave paintings found?
Lascaux and Altamira
When were the later cave paintings created?
c. 13,000-11,000 BCE
Wht opinion did scholars originally hold towards the cave paintings?
They were considered scribbling by primitive cavemen
What belief do scholars now hold about the cave paintings?
They were created by skilled artists and served ritual functions