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Flashcards in art 351-400 Deck (59):
1

two notable sculptures from the hellenistic period representing ideals of beauty

the Venus de Milo and the Lacoon Group

2

italian civilization whose art represents a transistion from greek to roman artistic styles

Etruscan

3

art medium for which etruscan civilization is largely known

tomb decoration

4

two roman innovations in the fields pf architecture and engineering

concrete and curved arch

5

two surviving buildings that exemplify roman engineering genius

the colosseum and the pantheon

6

type of sculpture adorning roman triumphal arches and tombs

relief sculpture

7

impressionism

style of that grew out of dissatisfaction with strict salon rules

8

edouard manet

predecessor of the impressionists juxtaposing bright contrasting colors in his work

9

which civilization lived in mesopotamia from 4000 to 2340 B.C.E.

the sumerians

10

what wads the central aspect of sumerian life

religion

11

temple like structures that developed out of mesoptamian platforms

ziggurats

12

who took over sumer around 2340 BCE

Sargon of akkad

13

how did the akkadians deal with sumerian culture

assimilation

14

what was the akkadean equivalent of sumerian loyalty

loyalty to the kin g

15

who overthrew the akkadians around 2150 BCE

the guti

16

how did the akkadian loyalty to the king affect akkadian art

akkadians erected sculptures of their rulers

17

who took control of sumer about 60 years after the guti invasion

sumerians

18

who was named king when the summering retook control of sumer

king ur

19

what is joel delong's middle name

fabio

20

what did the dog say to the tree

bark

21

why did the chicken cross the street

idk

22

what does everyone love.... to eat

poop

23

Italian city which contain Byzantine mosaic walls

Ravenna

24

Constantinople building considered on of the greatest architectural achievements in history

the Hagia Sophia

25

central institution in medieval society

the Church

26

two materials used as paper during the medieval period

vellum and parchment

27

two notable medieval illuminated manuscripts

the Book of Kells and the Coronation Gospels

28

medieval culture noted for metalwork

nomadic Germanic peoples

29

Medieval culture noted for woodwork

Vikings

30

hybrid artistic style created in Viking invasions of England and Ireland

Hiberno-Saxon

31

Romanesque churches

churches based around Roman arches, built in the early part of the late Medieval

32

barrel vault

tunnel of arches used in Romanesque churches

33

vault

arch-shaped structure used as a ceiling or roof000 support

34

architectural style commonly used in churches that developed in the early 12th century

Gothic style

35

ribbed vault

framework stone ribs under the intersection of vaulted ceiling sections

36

flying buttresses

additional bracing material and arches placed on the exterior of buildings

37

Giotto di Bondone

early Renasiassance FLorentine artist best known for his frescoes

38

primary patrons of art during the Renaissance

wealthy families

39

social class including painters and sculptors that was looked down upon until the REnaissance

artisans

40

Lorenzo Ghiberti

sculptor who won a FLoretine competition in 1400 to design doors of a new baptistery

41

Filippo Brunelleschi

Florentine sculptor and architect who helped develop linear perspective

42

development in perspective created by Filippo

linear (single vanishing point) perspective

43

Massaccio

Renaissance painter known for using linear and aerial perspective

44

Donatello

Renaissance artist widely considered the founder of modern sculpture

45

The Birth of Venus

painting by Botticelli that established an enduring image of female beauty

46

How do environmental factors influence the preservation of artifacts?

Dry climates delicate materials while humid areas cause them to deteriorate

47

Why has art history tended to focus on Western art?

Western areas have the best preserved and most easily accessible artworks

48

Where is the Chauvet Cave?

Southeastern France

49

When were the Chauvet Cave paintings made?

30,000 BCE

50

When were the Chauvet Cave paintings discovered?

1994

51

What two materials were used in the Chauvet Cave paintings?

red ochre and black charcoal

52

What five animals are depicted in the Chauvet Cave paintings?

horses, rhinoceros, lions, buffalos, and mammoths

53

In what age were the Chauvet Cave paintings created?

The Old Stone Age

54

In what two countries have cave paintings been discovered?

France and Spain

55

Where are the most famous later cave paintings found?

Lascaux and Altamira

56

When were the later cave paintings created?

c. 13,000-11,000 BCE

57

Wht opinion did scholars originally hold towards the cave paintings?

They were considered scribbling by primitive cavemen

58

What belief do scholars now hold about the cave paintings?

They were created by skilled artists and served ritual functions

59

What artwork is the most famous OLd Stone Age fertility sculpture?

Venus (or Woman) of Willendorf