Art History & Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

Miller Analogie Test: MAT > Art History & Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Art History & Vocabulary Deck (36):
1

atrium

an open-roofed entrance hall or central court in an ancient Roman house

2

fresco

a painting done rapidly in watercolor on wet plaster on a wall or ceiling, so that the colors penetrate the plaster and become fixed as it dries

3

An Italian artist know for his Fresco paintings

Michelangelo, Sistine Chapel in the Vatican, Rome, Italy

The fresco technique has been employed since antiquity and is closely associated with Italian Renaissance painting

4

hieroglyphs

a stylized picture of an object representing a word, syllable, or sound, as found in ancient Egyptian and other writing systems

5

perspective

the graphic arts is an approximate representation, generally on a flat surface (such as paper), of an image as it is seen by the eye.

6

Italian Renaissance painters and architects that studied linear perspective?

Filippo Brunelleschi, Masaccio, Paolo Uccello, Piero della Francesca and Luca Pacioli studied linear perspective

7

Edgar Degas

was a French artist famous for his paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings. He is especially identified with the subject of dance; more than half of his works depict dancers

8

Impressionism

is a 19th-century art movement characterized by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities

9

Oscar-Claude Monet

was a founder of French Impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plain air landscape painting.

10

Famous work by Edgar Degas?

Ballet Rehearsal on Stage; Ballet Rehearsal; Dancing Class

11

Paul Cézanne

was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th-century conception of artistic endeavor to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century

12

action painting

a technique and style of abstract painting in which paint is randomly splashed, thrown, or poured on the canvas

made famous by Jackson Pollock, and formed part of the more general movement of abstract expressionism.

13

Symbolism

was a late nineteenth-century art movement of French, Russian and Belgian origin in poetry and other arts. In literature, the style originates with the 1857 publication of Charles Baudelaire's Les Fleurs du mal.

14

The School of Athens is one of the most famous frescoes by

the Italian Renaissance artist Raphael

15

The Swing (French: L'Escarpolette), is an 18th-century oil painting by

Jean-Honoré Fragonard

Rococo Style

16

The Third-Class Carriage is a c. 1862-1864 oil on canvas painting by

Honoré Daumier

The Realist Movement

17

The Persistence of Memory by

by Salvatore Dali 1931

Surrealism

18

The Scream by Edvard Munch (1893) by

Edvard Munch

Expressionism

19

The Centenary of Independence by

Henri Rousseau

Post-impressionism

20

The Holy Family, c. 1527/1528
oil on panel

Agnolo Bronzino-painter

Mannerism

21

Gian Lorenzo Bernini

Gian Lorenzo Bernini was an Italian sculptor and architect. While a major figure in the world of architecture, he was, also and even more prominently, the leading sculptor of his age

Credited with creating the Baroque style of sculpture

22

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio

was an Italian painter active in Rome, Naples, Malta, and Sicily from the early

23

The Birth of Venus is a painting

by Sandro Botticelli

Early Renaissance

24

Byzantine art

is the name for the artistic products of the Eastern Roman Empire, as well as the nations and states that inherited culturally from the empire

25

chiaroscuro

the treatment of light and shade in drawing and painting.

The Inspiration of Saint Matthew by Caravaggio 1602

26

The Da·da Movement

European artistic and literary movement (1916-1923) that flouted conventional aesthetic and cultural values by producing works marked by nonsense, travesty, and incongruity

27

The Starry Night by Dutch post-impressionist painter

Vincent van Gogh

Impasto

28

A great explosion of creative genius, it is notable for three of the greatest artists in history: Michelangelo Buonarroti, Raphael Sanzio and Leonardo da Vinci. (Image: The Sistine Chapel ceiling, painted by Michelangelo between 1508 and 1512)

High Renaissance

29

A painting style developed by Henri Matisse that means "fierce animal." The style rejects Neo-Impressionism and expresses flat, bold, un-naturalistic color with impulsive brushwork; sometimes the blank canvas shows between brushstrokes.

Green Stripe (Madame Matisse)

by Henri Matisse

Fauvism

30

(1890-1914) A highly decorative style that was applied to painting, sculpture, architecture, furniture, jewelry, fabrics, and all types of materials used for interior and exterior design.

The Art Nouveau Style

The Kiss (Lovers), oil and gold leaf on canvas
Gustav Klimt

31

A style in art that used exaggerated motion and clear, easily interpreted detail to produce drama, tension, exuberance, and grandeur from sculpture, painting, literature, and music. The baroque style started around 1600 in Rome, Italy and spread to most of Europe.

Baroque Style

Samson and Delilah (1609-1610) by
Peter Paul Rubens, the great Flemish
Baroque painter.

32

A technique of painting in which small, distinct dots of color are applied in patterns to form an image. Georges Seurat and Paul Signac developed the technique in 1886, branching from Impressionism.

Pointillism

Vincent van Gogh, Self Portrait, 1887, using pointillist technique

33

The tenets of romanticism included: a return to nature - exemplified by an emphasis on spontaneous plein-air painting - a belief in the goodness of humanity, the promotion of justice for all, and a strong belief in the senses and emotions, rather than reason and intellect.

Romanticism Art Movement

The Lady of Shalott (1888)
By John William Waterhouse.

34

An American post-World War II art movement. It was the first specifically American movement to achieve international influence and put New York City at the center of the western art world, a role formerly filled by Paris

Abstract Expressionism

Symphony No1, The Transcendental, by Richard Pousette-Dart

35

a group of German expressionist painters formed in Munich in 1911, including Kandinsky and Klee, who sought to express the spiritual side of man and nature, which they felt had been neglected by impressionism

Der Blaue Reiter

WASSILY KANDINSKY
The Blue Rider, 1903

36

Auguste Rodin

was a French sculptor.

Although Rodin is generally considered the progenitor of modern sculpture, he did not set out to rebel against the past