Arterial Anatomy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Arterial Anatomy Deck (35):
1

First branches proximal to ao arch

coronary arteries

2

Some branches of subclavian artery

vertebral, thyrocervical, costocervical

3

artery that runs laterally to outer boarder of 1st rib

subclavian

4

Radial artery branches to form

superficial palmar (volar) arch
terminates in deep palmar arch by joining deep branch of ulnar artery.

5

Ulnar artery branches to form

deep palmar (volar) branch
terminates in superficial palmar arch

6

Predominate source of blood flow to the hand is from what artery?

Ulnar

7

What arteries does the superficial palmar arch include?

distal portion of the ulnar artery
branch of the radial artery

8

What arteries does the deep palmar arch include?

Deep palmar branch of ulnar artery
Distal portion of the radial artery

9

Digital arteries arise from what arteries and extend into the fingers dividing into lateral and medial branches?

palmar arches

10

What organs does the celiac artery supply?

stomach, liver, pancreas, duodenum, spleen

11

Branches of the celiac?

left gastric, splenic, and common hepatic arteries

12

What organs does the SMA supply?

small intestine, cecum, parts of colon

13

Renal arteries not only supply blood to kidneys but also to?

suprarenal glands and ureters

14

IMA supplies what organs?

transverse colon, descending colon, and part of the rectum

15

What aorta vessel arises 3-4cm above the bifurcation and can act as a collateral connection?

IMA

16

What region are the internal iliac arteries considered to be in?

hypogastric

17

course of the external iliac artery

medial side of psoas major muscle

18

external iliac becomes the common femoral artery once it passes where?

under the inguinal ligament

19

the superficial femoral artery passes through what canal?

adductor canal or hunters canal; passes through an opening in the tendon of the adductor hiatus

20

Another name for the deep femoral artery

profunda femoris

21

A large branch that arises 5 cm from the inguinal ligament on the lateral side. Can act as a collateral connection.

Deep femoral artery

22

where does the SFA terminate and the popliteal artery begin?

adductor hiatus (hunters canal)

23

what leg artery gives off a number of genicular branches to supply muscles, knee joint, and skin?

popliteal artery

24

at the interval of the tibia and fibula, the popliteal divides into what arteries?

anterior and posterior tibials

25

What leg arteries are referred to as the trifurcation?

ATA, PTA, and peroneals

26

First branch off the distal popliteal artery?

anterior tibial

27

ATA becomes what artery?

Dorsalis pedis artery

28

Major branch of the DPA, penetrates the sole of the foot and unites with lateral plantar artery to complete the plantar arch.

deep plantar artery

29

Short segment between ATA branch and branches of PTA and peroneal arteries?

Tibioperoneal trunk

30

PT's extend obliquely down posterior/medial side of leg. What are the major branches?

Lateral and medial plantar arteries. Branch below medial malleolus to supply sole of foot.

31

Artery travels adjacent to the medial side of fibula to supply structures of the lateral side of leg/foot.

peroneals

32

What arteries distribute blood to the digits?

plantar and dorsal metatarsals

33

What are arterioles considered?

Resistance vessels. Assist in regulating blood flow through contraction and relaxation.

34

Capillaries exchange what between tissue and blood?

nutrients and waste products

35

What layer of the arterial wall contains the vasa vasorum, tiny vessels that carry blood to the walls of the larger arteries?

the adventitial (outer) layer