ARTH3030 Short Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ARTH3030 Short Exam 1 Deck (18):
1

IDENTIFICATION

Name: Ise Shrine, Main Hall (Honden)

Date: 4 BCE (date from 8th Century CE text), rebuilt every 20 years, most recently 2013

Material/Dimensions: Cypress Wood, 3 bays wide and 2 bays deep

2

FORMAL ANALYSIS

Shape: Angualr, Symmetrical

Ornament: wood, repetative, functional structure

3

CONTEXTUAL ANALYSIS

What makes this a Shinto building?

Function: Used by the Imperial family as a shrine, Keeps the traditional Japanese architectural practices in use by rebuilding it every 20 years.

Symbolism: Celebrates naturalism with the wood and enviornment, House of the sun goddess Amertasu

4

IDENTIFICATION

Name: Mirror from Takarazuka Tomb

Date: Kofun Period, 300-450 CE

Materials/Dimensions: Bronze, 9 inch diameter

5

FORMAL ANALYSIS

Shape: Round

Ornament: Detailed, buildings depicted are very traditional, Balanced asymmetry, radial, both organic and manmade materials are depicted, pattern is similar to Jomon period cord marks

6

CONTEXTUAL ANALYSIS

How does this object shed light on debates on the origin of Japan?

Function: Reflection of viewer, Houses the spirit body of Amterasu the sun goddess whom the imperial family is directly descended from.

Symbolism: The circle represents heaven while the square represents earth.

7

IDENTIFICATION

Name: Bodhisattva of Compassion (Kannon), Hall of Dreams, Horyuji Temple

Date: Early 7th Century

Materials/Dimensions: Gilded camphor wood, 77 inches in height

8

FORMAL ANALYSIS

Shape: Halo shape behind head (nimbus), almond shaped mandorla (body halo), column like due to the standing position of the figure

Ornament: gilded in gold, fluid/soft clothing

9

CONTEXTUAL ANALYSIS

What is the relationship between this image and Prince Shotoku (the main patron of the Horyuji Temple)?

Function: This was a depiction of Prince Shotoku who saw himself as the Bodhisattva of Compassion.

Symbolism: The hand gestures of the figure show the bodhisattva promotes healing.

10

IDENTIFICATION

Name: Shakyamuni Buddha by Tori Busshi, Horyuji Temple

Date: Dated to 623 by inscription

Materials/Dimensions: Gilded bronze, 46 inches in height

11

FORMAL ANALYSIS

Shape: Almond shaped mandorla, Sitting position of the figure creates a pyramid shape

Ornament: Bronze casting, fluid fabrics, details

12

CONTEXTUAL ANALYSIS

How does this image show the influence of the Mahayana school of Buddhism in Japan?

 

Function of the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas: Both the buddhas and bodhisattvas were objects to worship but by worshipping them, they were actually worshipping the values and ideals they stood for. In this case they stand for generousity and to 'fear not'

Symbolism: the 7 buddhas on the mandorla symbolize the 7 earthly manifestations of Buddhahood

This was created after a few deaths in the court and Prince Shotoku's illenss to promote healing.

13

IDENTIFICATION

Name: Goddess of Prosperity (Kichijoten), Yakushiji (Medicine Buddha Temple)

Date: Late 8th Century, Nara Period

Materials/Dimensions: Painting in color on hemp cloth, 20 inches in height

14

FORMAL ANALYSIS

Shape: Rounded figure

Ornament: flowing and fluid clothing, Chinese beauty ideals

15

CONTEXTUAL ANALYSIS

How do the dimensions and apperance of this figure suggest the gender and social class of the original viewer?

Function: Shows what the woman wanted to be seen as -- the ideal beauty standards of the time

Symbolism: The clothing shows status and wealth while the jewel is the symbol of the diety.

16

IDENTIFICATION

Name: Portriat of the Poetess and Imperial Consort Yoshiko (lived in the 10th century)

Date: Late 12th Century, Heian Period

Materials/Dimensions: Painting in ink and color on paper, 11x20 inches

17

FORMAL ANALYSIS

Shape: Angular figure

Ornament: Balanced asymmetry, Native Japanese aesthetic

18

CONTEXTUAL ANALYSIS

How does this image show the development of a native Japanese aesthetic?

Function of hiding the human figure in abstract clothing: The clothing shows the figure's rank in court (more layers = higher rank) which was more important than showing the body

Symbolism of placing the portriat next to biography: The biography next to the portriat immortalizes the poet.