Flashcards in ARTICLE 2 SECTION 7-28 Deck (22)
Section 7. The State shall pursue an independent foreign policy. In its relations with other states, the paramount consideration shall be national sovereignty, territorial integrity, national interest, and the right to self-determination.
Republic Act No. 7157, This Act shall be known as the “Philippine Foreign Service Act of 1991.” The State shall pursue an independent foreign policy. In its relations with other states, the paramount consideration shall be national sovereignty, territorial integrity, national interest, and the right to self-determination.
Section 8. The Philippines, consistent with the national interest, adopts and pursues a policy of freedom from nuclear weapons in its territory.
Republic Act No. 10697, This Act shall be known as the “Strategic Trade Management Act (STMA)”. It is declared a policy of the State to be free from Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) in its territory, consistent with the national interest, to fulfill its international commitments and obligations, including United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1540, to take and enforce effective measures to establish domestic controls to prevent the proliferation of WMDs and their means of delivery; and to maintain international peace and security, and promote economic growth by facilitating trade and investment through the responsible management of strategic goods and the provision of related services.
Towards this end and consistent with its foreign policy and national security interests, and in support of efforts to counter terrorism, control crime, and safeguard public safety, the State shall manage the trade of strategic goods and provision of related services in accordance with international standards and best practices.
Section 9. The State shall promote a just and dynamic social order that will ensure the prosperity and independence of the nation and free the people from poverty through policies that provide adequate social services, promote full employment, a rising standard of living, and an improved quality of life for all.
Republic Act No. 10532, This Act shall be known as the “Philippine National Health Research System Act of 2013”. It is hereby declared the policy of the State to protect and promote the right to health of the people, instill health consciousness among them and improve the quality of life of every Filipino through health research and development initiatives.
Section 10. The State shall promote social justice in all phases of national development.
Republic Act No. 1161, as amended, otherwise known as the "Social Security Law", It is the policy of the Republic of the Philippines to establish, develop, promote and perfect a sound and viable tax-exempt social security service suitable to the needs of the people throughout the Philippines which shall promote social justice and provide meaningful protection to members and their beneficiaries against the hazards of disability, sickness, maternity, old age, death, and other contingencies resulting in loss of income or financial burden. Towards this end, the State shall endeavor to extend social security protection to workers and their beneficiaries.
Section 11. The State values the dignity of every human person and guarantees full respect for human rights.
Republic Act No. 10368, Otherwise known as the “Human Rights Victims Reparation and Recognition Act of 2013”. Section 11 of Article II of the 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines declares that the State values the dignity of every human, person and guarantees full respect for human rights. Pursuant to this declared policy, Section 12 of Article III of the Constitution prohibits the use of torture, force, violence, threat, intimidation, or any other means which vitiate the free will and mandates the compensation and rehabilitation of victims of torture or similar practices and their families.
By virtue of Section 2 of Article II of the Constitution adopting generally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land, the Philippines adheres to international human rights laws and conventions, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the Convention Against Torture (CAT) and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment which imposes on each State party the obligation to enact domestic legislation to give effect to the rights recognized therein and to ensure that any person whose rights or freedoms have been violated shall have an effective remedy, even if the violation is committed by persons acting in an official capacity. In fact, the right to a remedy is itself guaranteed under existing human rights treaties and/or customary international law, being peremptory in character (jus cogens) and as such has been recognized as non-derogable.
Section 12. The State recognizes the sanctity of family life and shall protect and strengthen the family as a basic autonomous social institution. It shall equally protect the life of the mother and the life of the unborn from conception. The natural and primary right and duty of parents in the rearing of the youth for civic efficiency and the development of moral character shall receive the support of the Government.
Republic Act No. 10354, This Act shall be known as “The Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health Act of 2012”. The State recognizes and guarantees the human rights of all persons including their right to equality and nondiscrimination of these rights, the right to sustainable human development, the right to health which includes reproductive health, the right to education and information, and the right to choose and make decisions for themselves in accordance with their religious convictions, ethics, cultural beliefs, and the demands of r esponsible parenthood. Moreover, the State recognizes and guarantees the promotion of gender equality, gender equity, women empowerment and dignity as a health and human rights concern and as a social responsibility. The advancement and protection of women’s human rights shall be central to the efforts of the State to address reproductive health care.
Section 13. The State recognizes the vital role of the youth in nation-building and shall promote and protect their physical, moral, spiritual, intellectual, and social well-being. It shall inculcate in the youth patriotism and nationalism, and encourage their involvement in public and civic affairs.
Republic Act No. 8044, Otherwise known as the “Youth in Nation-Building Act”. The State recognizes its responsibility to enable the youth to fulfill their vital role in nation-building and hereby establishes the National Comprehensive and Coordinated Program on Youth Development, creates the structures to implement the same and appropriates adequate funds to provide support for the program and implementing structures on a continuing sustained basis.
Section 14. The State recognizes the role of women in nation-building, and shall ensure the fundamental equality before the law of women and men.
Republic Act No. 7192, This Act shall be cited as the "Women in Development and Nation Building Act." The State recognizes the role of women in nation building and shall ensure the fundamental equality before the law of women and men. The State shall provided women rights and opportunities equal to that of men.
Section 15. The State shall protect and promote the right to health of the people and instill health consciousness among them.
Republic Act No. 7394, otherwise known as the "Consumer Act of the
Philippines," was enacted to protect the interests of the consumer, promote his
general welfare, and to establish standards of conduct for business and industry.
Article 77 of this Act provides for the minimum labeling requirements for
Section 16. The State shall protect and advance the right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature.
Republic Act No. 9729, This Act shall be known as the “Climate Change Act of 2009”. It is the policy of the State to afford full protection and the advancement of the right of the people to a healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature. In this light, the State has adopted the Philippine Agenda 21 framework which espouses sustainable development, to fulfill human needs while maintaining the quality of the natural environment for current and future generations.
Section 17. The State shall give priority to education, science and technology, arts, culture, and sports to foster patriotism and nationalism, accelerate social progress, and promote total human liberation and development.
Republic Act No. 10390, This Act shall be known as “An Act Revitalizing the People’s Television Network, Incorporated”. In consonance with the Constitutional recognition of the vital role of communication and information in nation-building, and the important aspect played by the broadcasting industry, it is hereby declared as the policy of the State to:
Fully develop communication structures suitable to the needs and aspirations of the nation and in accordance with a policy that respects the freedom of speech and of the press;
Give priority to education, science and technology, arts, culture, and sports to foster patriotism and nationalism, accelerate social progress, and promote total human liberation and development;
Develop the broadcasting industry as a medium for the development, promotion and advancement of Filipino nationalism, culture and values that serve as an instrument in the struggle for Filipino sovereignty, identity, national unity and integration;
Harness the resources of the government and the private sector towards a close, continuous and balanced cooperation in order to take advantage of technological advances in the broadcasting industry;
Maintain a broadcast industry system that serves as a vital link for participative democracy and effective government information dissemination through developmental communication, free from any political or partisan influence and held accountable directly to the people;
Encourage the development and broadcast of balanced programs which feature, among others, educational, wholesome entertainment, cultural, public affairs and sports; and
Provide quality alternative programs for the benefit and moral upliftment of the citizenry.
Section 18. The State affirms labor as a primary social economic force. It shall protect the rights of workers and promote their welfare.
Republic Act No. 10771, This Act shall be known as the “Philippine Green Jobs Act of 2016”. It is the declared policy of the State to:
Affirm labor as a primary social economic force in promoting sustainable development;
Afford full protection to labor, local and overseas, organized and unorganized, and promote full and productive employment and equality of employment opportunities for all; and
Promote the rights of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature.
The State shall identify needed skills, develop training programs, and train and certify workers for jobs in a range of industries that produce goods and render services for the benefit of the environment, conserve natural resources for the future generation, and ensure the sustainable development of the country and its transition into a green economy. In recognition of the participation of individuals and business enterprises in jobs creation, the State shall provide incentives therefor.
Section 19. The State shall develop a self-reliant and independent national economy effectively controlled by Filipinos.
Republic Act No. 7721, The State shall develop a self-reliant
and independent national economy effectively controlled by Filipinos and
encourage, promote, and maintain a stable, competitive, efficient, and
dynamic banking and financial system that will stimulate economic growth,
attract foreign investments, provide a wider variety of financial services to
Philippine enterprises, households and individuals, strengthen linkages with
global financial centers, enhance the country's competitiveness in the
international market and serve as a channel for the flow of funds and
investments into the economy to promote industrialization.
Section 20. The State recognizes the indispensable role of the private sector, encourages private enterprise, and provides incentives to needed investments.
Republic Act No. 10708, This Act shall be known as “The Tax Incentives Management and Transparency Act (TIMTA)”. It is hereby declared the policy of the State to promote fiscal accountability and transparency in the grant and management of tax incentives by developing means to promptly measure the government’s fiscal exposure on these grants and to enable the government to monitor, review, and analyze the economic impact thereof and thereby optimize the social benefit of such incentives.
Section 21. The State shall promote comprehensive rural development and agrarian reform.
Republic Act No. 10618, This Act shall be known as the “Rural Farm Schools Act”. It is hereby declared to be the policy of the State to protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels and take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all. Further to this, the State shall establish, maintain and support a complete, adequate and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people and society and encourage nonformal, informal and indigenous learning systems, as well as self-learning, independent and out-of-school study programs particularly those that respond to community needs.
Section 22. The State recognizes and promotes the rights of indigenous cultural communities within the framework of national unity and development.
The State shall protect the rights of ICCs/IPs to their ancestral domains to ensure their economic, social and cultural well being and shall recognize the applicability of customary laws governing property rights or relations in determining the ownership and extent of ancestral domain;
Section 23. The State shall encourage non-governmental, community-based, or sectoral organizations that promote the welfare of the nation.
Republic Act No. 10693, This Act shall be known as the “Microfinance NGOs Act”. It is hereby declared the policy of the State to pursue a program of poverty eradication wherein poor Filipino families shall be encouraged to undertake entrepreneurial activities to meet their minimum basic needs including income security. Towards this end, the State recognizes the indispensable role of nongovernment organizations (NGOs) in fostering local enterprise development and social entrepreneurship, including the provision of microfinance services to microenterprises. In pursuance of this policy, the State shall support and work in partnership with qualified NGOs in promoting financially inclusive and pro-poor financial and credit policies and mechanisms, such as microfinance and its allied services.
Section 24. The State recognizes the vital role of communication and information in nation-building.
Republic Act No. 10844, This Act shall be known as the “Department of Information and Communications Technology Act of 2015”. Declaration of Policy. – It is hereby declared the policy of the State:
Section 25. The State shall ensure the autonomy of local governments.
Republic Act No. 7160, otherwise known as the Local Government Code of 1991. The Code is divided into four books and covers the following:
The Code replaced Batas Pambansa Blg. 337, which is the old local government code.
Section 26. The State shall guarantee equal access to opportunities for public service, and prohibit political dynasties as may be defined by law.
Republic Act No. 10742, This Act shall be known as the “Sangguniang Kabataan Reform Act of 2015” Declaration of State Policies and Objectives. – The State recognizes the vital role of the youth in nation-building .and thus, promotes and protects their physical, moral, spiritual, intellectual and social well-being, inculcates in them patriotism, nationalism and other desirable values, and encourages their involvement in public and civic affairs.
Section 27. The State shall maintain honesty and integrity in the public service and take positive and effective measures against graft and corruption.
Republic Act No. 3019, also known as “ANTI-GRAFT AND CORRUPT PRACTICES ACT” It is the policy of the Philippine Government, in line with the principle that a public office is a public trust, to repress certain acts of
public officers and private persons alike which constitute graft or corrupt practices or
which may lead thereto.