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Flashcards in Articles 1 Deck (73):
1

1)

John:

I had a sandwich and an apple for lunch.
The sandwich wasn't very good but the apple was nice.

John says 'a sandwich', 'an apple' because this is the first time he talks about them.

John says 'the sandwich', 'the apple' because his friend knows exactly which sandwich and which apple he talks about - the sandwich and the apple he had for lunch.

2

For example:

A man and a woman were sitting opposite me. The man was American but I think the woman was British.

When we were on holiday, we stayed at a hotel. Sometimes we had our evening meal at the hotel and sometimes we went to a restaurant.

3

1. We use 'a' or 'an' (before a,o,u,e,i) with singular countable nouns about which we speak for the first time. With uncountable nouns we usually use no article (zero article) or we can also use 'some'.

2. We use the article 'a' with jobs.

For example:

1. "What is it?"

"It's a cup. It's bread."

2. He's a taxi driver.

4

"What is it?"

"It's ___ cup."

It's a cup.

5

"What is it?"

"It's _____ bread."

It's bread.

6

"What is it?"

"It's ___ book."

It's a book.

7

"What is it?"

"It's ___ sugar."

It's sugar.

8

"What is it?"

"It's ___ butter."

It's butter.

9

"What is it?"

"It's ___ apple."

It's an apple.

10

"What is it?"

"It's ___ ink."

It's ink."

11

"What is it?"

"It's ___ umbrella."

It's an umbrella.

12

"What is it?"

"It's ____ ticket."

It's a ticket.

13

What's in the fridge?

There's ___ milk.

There's milk.

14

What's in the fridge?

There's ___ bottle of ___ wine.

There's a bottle of wine.

15

What's in the fridge?

There's ___ orange and ___ peach.

There's an orange and a peach.

16

What's in the fridge?

There's ___ jam.

There's jam.

17

What's in the fridge?

There's ___ bag of carrots.

There's a bag of carrots.

18

What's in the fridge?

There's ____ cheese.

There's cheese.

19

What's in the fridge?

There's ___ box of eggs.

There's a box of eggs.

20

What's in the fridge?

There's ___ lot of ___ food.

There's a lot of food.

21

What's he wearing?

He's wearing ___ trousers.

He's wearing trousers.

22

What's he wearing?

He's wearing ___ sweater.

He's wearing a sweater.

23

What's he wearing?

He's wearing ____ jacket.

He's wearing a jacket.

24

What's he wearing?

He's wearing ____ glasses.

He's wearing glasses.

25

What's he wearing?

He's wearing ____ shoes.

He's wearing shoes.

26

What's he wearing?

He's wearing ____ green shirt.

He's wearing a green shirt.

27

What's he wearing?

He's wearing ____ purple tie.

He's wearing a purple tie.

28

What's he wearing?

He's wearing ____ red socks.

he's wearing red socks.

29

What's he wearing?

He's wearing ____ orange scarf.

He's wearing an orange scarf.

30

What's he wearing?

He's wearing ____ brown gloves.

He's wearing brown gloves.

31

What does she do?

She's ___ librarian.

She's a librarian.

32

What does he do?

He's ___ architect.

He's an architect.

33

What does she do?

She's ___ shop assistant.

She's a shop assistant.

34

What do you do?

Are you ___ secretary?

Are you a secretary?

35

What does he do?

He's ____ economist.

He's an economist.

36

What does she do?

She's ____ lawyer.

She's a lawyer.

37

What does he do?

He's ____ bus driver.

He's a bus driver.

38

What does she do?

Is she ___ artist?

Is she an artist?

39

What does she do?

She's ____ university student.

She's a university student.

40

What do you do?

I'm ____ student too.

I'm a student too.

41

No. it's not!

It's not ____ meat. It's ____ soya.

It's not meat. It's soya.

42

No. it's not!

It's not ____ cup. It's ____ glass.

It's not a cup. It's a glass.

43

No. it's not!

He's not ____ Englishman. He's ____ Welshman.

He's not an Englishman. He's a Welshman.

44

No. it's not!

She's not ___ English. She's ___ Welsh.

She's not English.
She's Welsh.

45

No. it's not!

It's not ____ English. It's ____ French.

It's not English. It's French.

46

No. it's not!

It's not ____ butter. It's ____ margarine.

It's not butter. It's margarine.

47

No. it's not!

It's not ____ photo. It's ____ painting.

It's not a photo. It's a painting.

48

No. it's not!

It's not ____ salt. It's ____ pepper.

It's not salt. It's pepper.

49

No. it's not!

It's not ____ blue shirt. It's ____ grey shirt.

It's not a blue shirt. It's a grey shirt.

50

Do you like ___ Chocolate?

Do you like chocolate?

51

This is ___ hill. ___ green hill. On ___ hill there's ___ house.

This is a hill. A green hill. On the hill there's a house.

52

This house is ___ old house. In ___ house there are eight rooms.

This house is an old house. In the house there are eight rooms.

53

Here's ___ room. In ___ room there's ___ wardrobe. ___ wardrobe is very tall.

Here's a room. In the room there's a wardrobe. The wardrobe is very tall.

54

Loot at ___ wardrobe. It ___ wardrobe there's ___- suitcase. It's ____ large suitcase.

Loot at the wardrobe. In the wardrobe there's a suitcase. It's a large suitcase.

55

In ____ suitcase there's ___ box, ___ white box.

In the suitcase there's a box, a white box.

56

Look in ___ box. In ___ box there's ___ book. It's ___ book with pictures.

Look in the box. In the box there's a book. It's a book with pictures.

57

In ___ book there are ___ lot of pictures.

In the book there are a lot of pictures.

58

Here's one picture. Look at ___ picture. In ___ picture there's ___ hill.

Here's one picture. Look at the picture. In the picture there's a hill.

59

Look at ___ hill. What's on ___ hill? There's ___ house on ___ hill.

Look at the hill. What's on the hill? There's a house on the hill.

60

And what's in ___ house?

And what's in the house?

61

This is ___ excellent meat.

This is excellent meat.

62

This is ____ difficult test.

This is a difficult test.

63

This is ___ very important information.

This is very important information.

64

This is ___ serious mistake.

This is a serious mistake.

65

It was ____ interesting lecture.

It was an interesting lecture.

66

It was ___ good advice.

It was good advice.

'advice' is an uncountable noun in English.

67

It was ___ good idea.

It was a good idea.

68

It wasn't ___ problem.

It wasn't a problem.

69

Have you ___ brother or ___ sister?

Have you a brother or a sister?

70

We waited for three quarters of ___ hour.

We waited for three quarters of an hour.

71

We must go. The train leaves in ___ quarter of ___ hour.

We must go. The train leaves in a quarter of an hour.

72

It costs ninety crowns ___ kilo.

It costs ninety crowns a kilo.

73

This sofa's very old now. We really need ___ new sofa.

This sofa's very old now. We really need a new sofa.