Flashcards in AS Chemistry: Unit 1, Module 5, Introduction to organic chemistry Deck (60):
Chemistry of compounds containing carbon
Carbohydrates, fats, proteins
Plastics, medicines, dyes
Bonds on a carbon
Bonds on hydrogen
Bonds on oxygen
Bonds on nitrogen
Bonds on halogens
Open chain of carbon atoms
Closed ring of carbon atoms
Closed ring of carbon atom that contains a benzene ring
Contain carbon and hydrogen atoms only
What bonds do Alkanes have?
Carbon to Carbon single bonds only
What does saturated mean
Contains only carbon to carbon single bonds
What is the general formula for Alkanes?
Alkyle group of Methane (name and formula)
Alkyle group of Ethane (name and formula)
Alkyle group of Propane (name and formula)
Alkyle group of Butane (name and formula)
Alkyle group of Pentane (name and formula)
Alkyle group of Hexane (name and formula)
A family of molecules which all contain the same functional group, but an increasing number of carbon atoms. They have the same chemical properties and a graduation in physical properties.
The simplest ratio of atoms of each element in a compound.
The actual number of atoms of each element present in a molecule.
Shows the arrangement of atoms in a molecule in a simplified form. (no bonds shown).
Shows how the atoms are arranged in space (every atom and bond is shown).
Shows the carbon skeleton only, at every bend is a carbon atom with the correct number of hydrogen atoms.
Compounds with the same molecular formula but different structures.
An atom or group of atoms which, when present in different molecules, cause them to have similar chemical properties.
what is the general formula for alkanes?
What is the suffix of an alkane?
What is the functional group for alkanes?
It does not have one.
Why do alkanes not have a functional group?
They are the parent hydrocarbon.
An example of an alkane.
What is the general formula for alkenes?
What is the suffix of an alkene?
What is the functional group of an alkene?
Carbon double bond. (C=C)
An example of an alkene.
What is the general formula for haloalkanes?
What is the prefix of an haloalkane?
What is the functional group of a haloalkane?
A halogen atom (-F, -Cl, -Br, -I)
An example of a haloalkane.
What are the 2 types of isomerism?
Structural isomerism and stereoisomerism.
Compounds with the same molecular formula, but with a different structural formula.
What are the 3 types of structural isomerism?
When does chain isomerism occur?
When there is two or more ways of arranging the carbon skeleton of a molecule.
How many isomers are there if there is only 1 carbon atom?
How many isomers are there if there is only 2 carbon atom?
How many isomers are there if there is only 3 carbon atom?
How many isomers are there if there is only 4 carbon atom?
How many isomers are there if there is only 5 carbon atom?
How many isomers are there if there is only 6 carbon atom?
What is position isomerism?
When the molecule has the same carbon skeleton and the same functional group, but the functional group is joined at different places on the carbon skeleton.