Assessing the Sick Child Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Assessing the Sick Child Deck (7)
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1

What is the APGAR score?

First test designed to assess the newborn for any medical emergency, given at 1 minute and again at 5 minutes

2

What is assessed in the APGAR score?

Appearance (colour)
Pulse
Grimace (reflexes)
Activity (movement)
Respiration (breathing + effort)

3

What does a single intramuscular dose of vitamin K help to prevent in a newborn?

Haemorrhagic disease

4

List ways of assessing the Airway in a child

Inspect
Noises
Head-tilt, chin lift

5

List ways of assessing Breathing in a child

Effort
Chest movements
Noises (stridor, wheeze)
Oximetry

6

List ways of assessing Circulation in a child

Pulse
Capillary refill
Blood pressure
Skin perfusion
Urine output

7

List signs of dehydration in a child

Decreased skin turgor
Sunken fontanelles
Dry skin/mouth
Reduced urine output
Low BP in late stages