Assumptions of the Psychodynamic Approach Flashcards Preview

A Level Psychology: C1 (Eduqas) > Assumptions of the Psychodynamic Approach > Flashcards

Flashcards in Assumptions of the Psychodynamic Approach Deck (50):
1

What are the 3 assumptions?

Inflaunce of childhood experiances
The unconscious mind
Tripartite personality

2

Who came up with the assumptions?

Freud

3

What does each psychosexual stage represent?

A fixation of the libido

4

What is an over-indulgence of a psychosexual stage?

Where the needs are over-met

5

What is a frustration of a psychosexual stage?

When the needs are not met

6

How does a fixation on a psychosexual stage develop?

Over-indulgement or frustration

7

What are the psychosexual stages?

Oral
Anal
Phallic
Latency
Genital

8

At what age is the oral stage?

0-18 months

9

What is the fixation of the libido at the oral stage?

The mouth

10

What activities occur in the oral stage?

Breastfeeding

11

What happens if a child is over-indulged during the oral stage?

Needy
Optimistic
Gullible

12

What happens if a child is left frustrated during the oral stage?

Sarcasm
Pessimism
Envy

13

At what age is the anal stage?

18 months - 3 years

14

What is the fixation at the anal stage?

The anus

15

What activities occur during the anal stage?

Potty training and developing control over their body

16

What happens if the child is over-indulged during the anal stage?

Disorganised
Messy
Reckless

17

What happens if the child is left frustrated during the anal stage?

Stubborn
Overly tidy
Posessive

18

At what age is the phallic stage?

3-5 years old

19

What is the fixation at the phallic stage?

The genitals

20

What activities occur during the phallic stage?

Masterbation

21

What happens if the child develops a fixation at the phallic stage?

Self-assured
Vain
Problems with sexuality
Problems maintaining relationships

22

At what age is latency?

5 years old - puberty

23

What happens during latency?

There is no fixation of the libido and the child gets a better understanding of the world
No effects on adult personality

24

At what age is the gential stage?

Puberty and onwards

25

What is the fixation at the genital stage?

Genitals

26

What happens during the genital stage?

They grow up to engage in healthy heterosexual relationships and have a well developed personality

27

What is the assumption of the unconscious mind?

Much of our behaviour is governed by unconscious thoughts and unresolved conflicts that can't be acessed directly. Linked to ego defence mechanisms

28

What are ego defense mechanisms?

The way the ego defends itself from conflicts between the id and superego

29

What are some examples of ego defence mechanisms?

Displacement
Projection
Repression

30

What is displacement?

An ego defence mechanism where emotions are transferred from one object to another

31

What is projection?

An ego defence mechanism where undesirable thoughts are blamed on something else

32

What is repression?

An ego defence mechanism where we push painful memories into our unconscious mind so they are effectively forgotten

33

What are the tree parts of the tripartite personality?

Id
Ego
Superego

34

What principle is the id also called?

Pleasure principle

35

What principle is the ego also called?

Reality principle

36

What principle is the superego also called?

Morality principle

37

When does the id develop?

Present from birth

38

What is the main concern of the id?

Immediate gratification and pleasure

39

What can the id be split up into?

Euros
Thanatos

40

What is Euros?

Part of the id
Sex-drive/life force

41

What is thanatos?

Part of the id
Self-destructive streak

42

What age does the ego develop?

2 years old

43

What is the main concern of the ego?

Find rational, socially acceptable ways of fufilling the wishes of the id

44

What age does the superego develop?

4 years old

45

How does the superego develop?

Identification with parents

46

What is the main concern of the superego?

Morals
Our sense of ideal self

47

Which two parts of the tripartite personality are often at conflict with each other?

Superego
Id

48

How can childhood experiances be applied to relationship formation?

Over-indulgence at the oral stage leads to a dependancy on others. Best way to fufill this need is to be in a relationship

49

How can defense mechanisms be used to explain relationship formation?

People may enter relationships to resolve unconscious conflicts like repressing their true sexuality

50

How can the tripartite personality be used to explain relationship formation?

Entering relationships is the ego's way of acceptably fufilling the wishes of the id which wants pleasure