Ataxic Dysarthria Flashcards Preview

CD 660: Test 1 > Ataxic Dysarthria > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ataxic Dysarthria Deck (13):
1

Ataxic dysarthria is a perceptuall distinctive MSD associated w/ damage to the ___________.

cerebellum or cerebellar control circuits

2

Ataxic dystarthria is most evident in what 2 levels of speech?

articulation and prosody

3

What do ataxic speech characteristics reflect?

the effects of incoordination and reduced muscle tone on speech

4

Ataxic speech is _____ and has a _____ quality.

unstead
slurred

5

ataxia: ?

widespread incoordination

6

Primary function of the cerebellum?

coordinate timing and force of muscular contractions

7

Sypmtoms of ataxia are _____ due to double crossing.

ipsilateral

8

3 roles of cerebellar control circuit?

coordination of rapid alternating movements, motor programming, and maintenance of muscle tone

9

What are the effects of lesions of cerebellar cicuits?

Hypotonia
Dysmetria
Dysdiadochokinesis
Ataxia
Intention Tremors
Nystagmus

10

What are causes of Ataxic Dysarthria?

Friedreich's ataxia, stroke in cerebellum, MS, TBI, alcohol abuse and tumors

11

Speech characteristics of Ataxia

-vowel prolongation
-speech AMRs-slow and irregular
-scanning speech

12

What is the most prevalent speech error?

imprecise consonant production

13

Pt complaints of Ataxia

-slurred speech
-"sound drunk"
-reduced ability to coordinate speech & breathing
-biting tongue/cheeks when speaking/eating
-infrequent drooling
-infrequent swallowing issues