Athletic Injuries: Ankle/Foot/Lower Leg Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Athletic Injuries: Ankle/Foot/Lower Leg Deck (36):
1

Achilles Tendon Rupture

Caused by forceful sudden contractions i.e. pivoting, tension becomes to great and fails, most prominent in men over 30, risk of rupture increased for 1 week after corticosteroid injections directly into the tendon

2

Ankle Dislocation

caused by excessive rotation combined with inversion or eversion, immediate pain and loss of function may be accompanied with possible fracture

3

Ankle Sprain

occur secondary to excessive supination or pronation, ankle is least stable in open-packed position, forceful motion can tear ligaments, most commonly sprained is the anterior talofibulr lig.

4

Anterior Compartment Syndrome

increased pressure within the anterior compartment ( tibialis anterior, extensor hallicus longus, extensor dorsum longus, peroneus tertius) actual gross hemorrhage= absent distal pulse immediate referral for medical intervention

5

Apophysitis

inflammation of the apophysis(end) of a bone, overuse injury of immature athlete where muscle tendon unit attaches

6

Arch Sprain (Transverse)

(Midfoot) arch sprain

7

Bunion

(hallux valgus deformities) occurs at the head of the first metatarsal refers to exostosis, structural forefoot varus that splays outward

8

Bursitis

inflammation of a bursea sac that protect boney prominences

9

Hallux Valgus

bunion splaying outward of enlarged first metatarsal head

10

Hammer Toe (maller toe, claw toe)

deformities of the smaller toes, flexible deformity caused by flexion contracture at the PIP joint

11

Osteochondritis Dissecans

can occur on superior medial surface of the talar dome, piece of bone moving within the joint space (joint mice)

12

Pes Cavus

High arch foot (clawfoot, hollow foot) associated with excessive supination can be congenital or indicate neurological disorder

13

Pes Planus

Flat foot medial longitudinal arch appears flat, factors= excessive pronation and varus deformity

14

Plantar Fasciitis

pain in the proximal arch and hell due to tension in the plantar fascia, pain can start in the morning and go away throughout the day

15

Plantar Wart

caused by hpv virus hard grainy growths on heels or balls of the feet

16

Talotibial Exostosis

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17

Tendinitis Achilles

inflammatory condition of the achilles tendon and its sheath

18

Tenosynovitis Achilles

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19

Transverse arch

extends across transverse tarsal bones, increases foots mobility

20

Sever's disease

apophysitis of the calcaneus occurs in young pt's similar to osgood-schlaters, apophysitis where achilles attaches

21

Retrocalcaneal bursitis

inflammation of the bursa between the achilles tendon and the calcaneus

22

exostosis

benign bony outgrowth the protrudes from the surface of a bone capped by cartilage

23

Tinel's sign

tapping posterior tibial nerve to produce tingling and determine tarsal tunnel syndrome

24

Morton's test

foot in supine position apply transverse pressure to the heads of the metatarsals sharp pain can indicate metatarsalgia or morton's neuroma

25

Morton's neuroma

bulging that emanates from a nerve

26

metatarsalgia

pain in ball of the foot

27

tarsal tunnel syndrome

tunnel behind the medial malleolus with an osseous floor and flexor retinaculum roof, can be caused by previous injuries and result in pain and paraesthesia on the medial and plantar aspects of the foot

28

Jones Fracture

fracture to the diaphisis at the base of the fifth metatarsal

29

Sesamoiditis

two sesamoid bones that lie within the flexor and adductor tendons of the great toe inflame after repetitive hyperextension

30

Turf toe

great toe hyperextension spraining the metatarsophalangeal joint

31

Hallux rigidus

painful condition cuase by proliferation of bony spurs on the dorsal aspect of the first MTP joint = impingement and loss of active&passive dorsiflexion

32

Subungual Hematoma

blood under toenail

33

achilles tendon rupture

often occur in activities of stop-and-go action, common in men +30 yo

34

Peroneal tendinitis

can occur in persons with pes cavus pain behind the lateral malleolus when on the balls of the foot running or jogging

35

Gastrocnemius Strain

head of the gastroc is susceptible to strain at the musculotendinous attachment during quick start and stop or jumping activities

36

Medial TIbial stress syndrome

aka Shin splints, pain in the anterior part of the shin can indicate stress fractures, muscle strains, and chronic anterior compartment syndromes