Athletic Injuries: Knee Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Athletic Injuries: Knee Deck (26):
1

Bursitis suprapatella

superficial bursa inflammation

2

Bursitis infrapatella

deep bursa inflammation

3

Chondral/ Osteochondral Fracture

fracture of articulare cartilage and underlying bone on the femur tibia, or under the patella = fragments of bone, can result from rotation or direct trauma

4

Chondromalacia (patella)

softening and deterioration of the articular cartilage on the back of the patella stage1: swelling/softening of cartilage 2:fissuring of cartilage 3:deformation of surface of cartilage

5

Osteochondritis Dissecans

separation of a piece of cartilage or bone that is loose in the joint "joint mice"

6

Osgood-Schlatter Disease

is an apophysitis characterized by pain at attachment of patellar tendon to the tibial tubercle

7

Peroneal Nerve Contusion

bruising of the peroneal nerve pain, numbness, swelling, drop foot

8

Popliteal Cyst

Backer's Cyst fluid filled cyst behind the knee

9

Genu valgum

knock-knees (found in young children) associated with pronated feet, places chronic tension on the medial ligaments, could men weak hip external rotators

10

hemarthrosis

blood in joint cavity

11

translation

amount of gliding of the medial tibial plateau

12

Apley distraction

distinguishes collateral ligamentous tears from capsular and meniscal tears

13

Lachman Drawer Test

done at 20 to 30 degrees, tests integrity of the ACL

14

Pivot-shift test

determines anterolateral rotary instability

15

Jerk test

reverses direction of pivot-shift test, knee moved into extension looking for subluxation at 20 degrees of flexion

16

Godfrey's test(posterior sag test)

looking for tibia to sag and testing the PCL

17

Mcmurray's test

meniscal test, external rotation can determine medial tears, internal can determine lateral tears

18

Thessaly's test

stand and twist test for meniscal tears

19

Acute patella subluxation

often occurs from cutting motion persons with genu valgum are at greater risk

20

Patellofemoral Pain syndrome

refers to pain that occurs in/around the patellofemoral joint

21

Patellofemoral Stress Syndrome

results from lateral deviation of the patella as it tracks in the femoral groove

22

Larsen-johansson disease

occurs at inferior pole of patella occurs bc of excessive strain on the patellar tendon

23

Jumper's knee

patellar tendinitis tendinitis of the patellar or quadriceps tendon

24

Patellar tendon rupture

sudden powerful contraction of quad muscles can cause rupture

25

Runner's Knee

repetitive and overuse conditions often IT band friction syndrome or tendonitis

26

Iliotibial band friction syndrome

overuse condition, occurs in runner often who have genu varum and pronated feet positive Ober's test