Athletic Injuries: Shoulder/ Upper Arm Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Athletic Injuries: Shoulder/ Upper Arm Deck (27):
1

Fracture humerus

shaft=blow or fall on arm danger to radial nerve
proximal humerus= danger to nerves and vessels, direct blow, disclocation, or FOOSH MOI
Epiphyseal= common in youth falls

2

Sprain Sternoclavicular

uncommon result of various traumas or farces transmitted through the humerus of the shoulder joint

3

Sprain acromioclavicular

happens especially in collision sports result of direct impact to the tip of the shoulder forcing the acromion process downward, backward and inward while the clavicle is is pushed down against the rib cage

4

Sprain glenohumeral

arm is forced into abduction or external rotation or result of direct blow often involves rotator cuff muscle

5

Load and Shift test (Glenohumeral Translation)

sitting or supine stress applied to humeral head

6

Sulcus Test

depression just below the acromion = positive test

7

Clunk test

positive clunk sensation of the humeral head may indicate tear in the glenoid labrum

8

Obriens test(active compression test)

performed at 90 degrees flexion and 15 degrees adduction

9

Apprehension test (Crank and relocation test)

arm abducted to 90 degrees, shoulder externally rotated, apprehension = positive test

10

Neer's test

shoulder impingements, forced flexion of the humerus overhead

11

Hawkins-kennedy test

horizontal adduction with forced internal rotation of the humerus

12

Drop arm test

determine tears of rotator cuff primarily supraspinatus, adducts arm and lowers to 90

13

Empty can test

test supraspinatus muscle strength both arms at 90 forward flexion and 30 degrees horizontal abduction

14

Yergasons test

keep elbow at 90 and forearm pronated test for biceps tendon irritation

15

Speed's test

patents elbow is extended at resistance is applied down can indicate instability of the biceps tendon subluxing out of the groove

16

Anterior Scalene Syndrome Test (Adson's Test)

Tests for thoracic outlet compression syndrome determines whether subclavian artery is being compressed

17

Allen Test (Hyperabduction Syndrome test)

tests for compression of the subclavian and axillary vessels and brachial plexus behind the pec minor

18

Military Brace Position Test

indicates costoclavicular compression of subclavian artery

19

Roo's Test (costoclavicular syndrome test)

indicates whether the subclavian artery is being compressed between the first rib and the clavicle

20

Muscles of the rotator cuff

subscapularis, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, & teres minor

21

Scapular Dyskinesis

abnormal movement of the scapula malposition, winging, coracoid tenderness, and kinesis abnormalities

22

Shoulder Bursitis

cronic inflammatory conditions caused from trauma or overuse

23

Frozen shoulder

adhesive capsulitis, involves a contracted and thickened joint capsule being tight around the humeral head

24

Thoracic outlet compression syndrome

compression of the brachial plexus, subclavian artery and subclavian vein (neurovascular bundle) in the neck and shoulder

25

Biceps brachii ruptures

can occur in any individual performing powerful concentric or eccentric controction of the muscle, often occurs near origin of the muscle in bicipital groove

26

bicipital tenosynovitis

tenosynovitis of the long head of the biceps muscle, common among individuals engaged in overhead activities

27

Peripheral Nerve injuries

commonly stem from blunt trauma or stretch type of injury