Athletic Injuries:Thigh/Hip/Pelvis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Athletic Injuries:Thigh/Hip/Pelvis Deck (24):
1

Bursitis Trochanteric

can be bursitis or inflammations of the gluteus insertion

2

Contusion Hip

Hip pointer, iliac crest contusion, from direct blow

3

Dislocation (hip)

usually a result of traumatic force directed along the axis of the femur, must be secured immediately and referred

4

Iliotibial "band" syndrome

painful condition in which connective tissue rubs against thighbone

5

Myositis ossificans

calcification of muscle

6

Osteitis Pubis

inflammation of the pubic symphysis and surrounding muscle insertions

7

Sacroiliitis

inflammation of the sacroiliac joint often a feature of spondylarthropathies ie ankylosing spondylitis

8

FABER (patrick) test

flexion, abduction, external rotation of the hip, detects hip and sacroiliac joint

9

Gaenslen's test

puts sacroiliac joint into extension, pain with hyperextension

10

Renne's test

test for IT band and periosteum of femur, 30-30 degrees pain felt on lateral femoral condyle

11

Nobel's test

IT band test knee flexed at 90 positive test when there is pain at 30 degrees of flexion

12

Ober's test

IT band knee flexed to 90

13

Trendelenburg's test

can indicate weakness in hip abductors especially gluet medius

14

Piriformis test

affected leg @ 60 hip flexion can indicate piriformis tightness

15

Ely's test

tightness of rectus femoris

16

anatomical discrepancy

shortening of lower limb measurement taken between medial malleoli

17

apparent discrepancy

can occur as result of lateral pelvic tilt

18

functional discrepancy

occurs from deformity ie knee deformity

19

Groin Strain

adductor/hip flexor strain can include iliopsoas, rectus femoris, and adductor group

20

hip adductors

gracilis
pectineus
adductor brevis
adductor longus
adductor magnus

21

hip labral tear

tearing of the cartilage that lines the socket of the hip joint can be caused from repetitive motions or acute dislocation

22

Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease

avascular necrosis of the femoral head, occurs in boy ages 4-10 groin pain, limping

23

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis

found in boys 10-17 who are tall and thin or obese causes sudden groin pain

24

Snapping hip

excessive repetitive movement often in dancers, gymnasts, hurdlers, and sprinter often because of muscle imbalance