ATI MED ADMIN 1&2 GLOSSARY Flashcards Preview

NRS 130 TEST #6 > ATI MED ADMIN 1&2 GLOSSARY > Flashcards

Flashcards in ATI MED ADMIN 1&2 GLOSSARY Deck (89):
1

adverse reaction

any noxious, unintended, and undesired result of taking a drug in appropriate doses; also called an adverse effect; often used synonymously with side effect, but side effects also include results that, although not the intended therapeutic effects, are harmless and possibly helpful

2

allergic reaction

an immune response to a drug, ranging in intensity from mild itching to severe rash to anaphylaxis

3

anaphylaxis

an immediate and life-threatening allergic response characterized by:
-bronchospasm
-laryngeal edema
-rapid drop in blood pressure

4

buccal

pertaining to or directed toward the bucca (cheek), the fleshy portion of the side of the face that makes up the lateral wall of the oral cavity

5

compatible

capable of harmonious coexistence; used to refer to two or more medications that can be given simultaneously without changing the effects of each other or causing any new responses not seen with any of the drugs administered alone

6

contraindication

a pre-existing condition that makes it unsafe or otherwise inappropriate to administer a particular drug

7

dosage

the determination and regulation of the size, frequency, and number of doses of a medication to be given to or taken by an individual patient; often used synonymously with dose, but dose refers to the amount to be given at one time, not the overall dosing regimen

8

dose

a measured quantity to be administered at one time, such as a specified amount of medication; often used synonymously with dosage, but dosage refers to the overall dosing regimen, not necessarily a single dose

9

drug

any chemical or other nondrug substance that can affect living processes

10

duration of action

how long a drug actively produces a therapeutic effect

11

enteral

within or by way of the intestines

12

generic

referring to a noncommercial name assigned to a drug, usually less complex than the drug’s chemical name and more complex than a brand or trade; also known as a nonproprietary name

13

idiosyncratic reaction

an uncommon, unexpected, or individual drug response thought to result from a genetic predisposition

14

indication

a reason for administering a particular medication

15

instillation

administration of a liquid drop by drop

16

intradermal

within or into the dermis (skin)

17

intramuscular

within or into a muscle

18

intravenous

within or into a vein

19

medication

term used for drug when it is given to or taken by a particular individual for therapeutic purposes

20

medication administration record

a document that is completed as per agency policy to verify that a patient’s medications were administered as prescribed

21

narcotic

an umbrella term that has been used to refer to opioids, controlled substances, illicit drugs, central nervous system depressants, strong analgesics, and drugs capable of causing physical dependence; opioid is the preferred term for the family of potent pharmacologic analgesics commonly referred to as narcotics

22

nebulizer

a device for creating and delivering an aerosol spray

23

NPO

nothing by mouth, derived from the Latin words nil per os

24

onset of action

the point in time after administration when a drug begins to exert its therapeutic effect

25

ophthalmic

pertaining to the eye

26

over-the-counter

referring to drugs sold without a prescription

27

paradoxical reaction

causing an effect opposite of the intended effect

28

parenteral

via a route other than the gastrointestinal tract, such as subcutaneous, intramuscular, intrathecal, or intravenous

29

peak action

the point in time after administration when a drug exerts its maximal therapeutic effect

30

plateau

a steady level of a drug achieved after repeated doses; a state in which the amount of drug eliminated between doses equals the amount administered with each dose

31

polypharmacy

the concurrent use of multiple drugs

32

PRN

as needed, derived from the Latin words pro re nata

33

side effect

any unintended and usually predictable result of taking a drug in appropriate doses; often used synonymously with adverse effect, but adverse effects are noxious or harmful in some way while side effects also include results that are harmless and possibly even helpful

34

subcutaneous

under the skin

35

sublingual

under the tongue

36

synergistic effect

an increase in the effects of any or all of two or more drugs taken together

37

therapeutic effect

the beneficial and intended result for which a drug is taken

38

topical

applied externally

39

toxic effect

a seriously adverse drug reaction; toxicity refers to an adverse drug reaction caused by excessive dosing

40

transdermal

entering through the dermis (skin); usually refers to a drug applied to the skin via an adhesive patch

41

unit-dose system

provision of drugs in single-dose packages

42

verbal order

a prescription a provider states to a nurse, usually by telephone, when unable to write the prescription at that time in the patient’s medical record

43

canthus

either of the angles formed by an eye’s upper eyelid meeting its lower eyelid, as in inner canthus and outer canthus

44

capsule

a small gelatinous shell that contains a dose of medication

45

cerumen

the waxlike substance found within the external meatus of the ear; earwax

46

conjunctival sac

the potential space between the eyelids and the eyeball, lined by the conjunctiva, the delicate membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the exposed surface of the sclera

47

dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

48

dorsal recumbent position

lying on the back with the knees flexed

49

eczema

a long-term, inflammatory skin condition that can appear as red, blistering, oozing, scaly, crusted, thickened, itchy skin rashes

50

enteral

within or by way of the intestines

51

ethmoid sinuses

air cavities on each side of the nose within the ethmoid bone (a light, spongy cubical bone forming much of the walls of the nasal cavity and part of those of the orbits), with each maintaining a separate path to the nasal chamber

52

eustachian tubes

bony and cartilaginous passageways connecting the middle ears with the nasopharynx and equalizing air pressure on both sides of the tympanic membrane (eardrum)

53

expectorate

expel secretions from the throat or lungs by coughing and spitting

54

eye drops

a solution, often containing medication, intended to be instilled into the eye

55

frontal sinuses

air cavities within the frontal bone (the bone that forms the forehead and extends over most of the orbits and the nasal cavity) that open into the middle meatus of the nasal cavity

56

glaucoma

a group of eye diseases characterized by increased pressure within the eyeball that can result in damage to the optic disk and gradual loss of vision

57

intraocular medication disk

a small medication-delivery device resembling a contact lens and inserted into the conjunctival sac so that it floats on the sclera between the iris and the lower eyelid

58

liniment

a liquid or semiliquid preparation containing oil, alcohol, or water and applied to the skin, often as a counterirritant

59

lotion

a liquid preparation for external application to the skin, usually to prevent or relieve dryness or irritation

60

maxillary sinuses

air cavities in the maxilla (the upper jaw) below the bony orbit and above the hard palate that drain into the middle meatus of the nasal cavity

61

medication administration record (MAR)

a document that is completed as per agency policy to verify that a patient’s medications were administered as prescribed

62

meniscus

the curved upper surface of a column of liquid

63

metered-dose inhaler (MDI)

a medication-delivery device that disperses medication as an aerosol spray, mist, or powder into the airways via inhalation

64

mydriatic

any drug that dilates the pupil

65

narcotic

an umbrella term that has been used to refer to opioids, controlled substances, illicit drugs, central nervous system depressants, strong analgesics, and drugs capable of causing physical dependence; opioid is the preferred term for a family of potent pharmacologic analgesics commonly referred to as narcotics

66

naris

one of the external orifices of the nose (plural, nares)

67

nasal

pertaining to the nose

68

nebulizer

a device for creating and delivering an aerosol spray

69

NPO

nothing by mouth, derived from the Latin words nil per os

70

ointment

a semisolid preparation, usually oily, for external application to the skin or mucous membranes and usually containing a medicinal substance

71

ophthalmic

pertaining to the eye

72

orifice

the entrance to or outlet of a body cavity

73

otic

pertaining to the ear

74

pinna

the external ear, also called the auricle

75

pruritus

itching

76

rectal

pertaining to the rectum, the distal portion of the large intestine from the sigmoid colon to the anus

77

route

the means of entrance of a medication into the body, such as oral or intramuscular

78

Sims’ position

lying on one side with the lowermost arm behind the body and the uppermost leg flexed

79

sphenoid sinuses

air cavities in the sphenoid bone (at the base of the cranium) that drain into the sphenoethmoidal recess at the top of the nasal cavity

80

sublingual

under the tongue

81

suppository

a solid, dissolvable cone-shaped medication preparation inserted into the rectum, vagina, or urethra

82

suppurating

forming or discharging pus

83

suspension

a liquid preparation consisting of solid particles dispersed throughout a liquid phase in which they are not soluble

84

syrup

a concentrated solution of a sugar in water or other aqueous liquid, sometimes with a medicinal agent added

85

systemic

pertaining to or affecting the body as a whole

86

tablet

a solid dosage form of a medicinal substance of varying weight and size, molded or compressed into a specific shape

87

transdermal

entering through the dermis (skin); usually refers to a drug applied to the skin via an adhesive patch

88

tympanic membrane

obliquely placed, thin partition between the external acoustic meatus and the tympanic cavity; eardrum

89

vaginal

pertaining to the vagina, the female genital canal, extending from the vulva to the cervix of the uterus