ATI Wound Care Glossary Flashcards Preview

NRS 130 Test #8 > ATI Wound Care Glossary > Flashcards

Flashcards in ATI Wound Care Glossary Deck (53):
1

abrasion

superficial, partial-thickness wound with little bleeding, caused by rubbing or scraping the skin or a mucous membrane

2

approximated

closed, with the wound’s edges touching each other

3

arterial insufficiency

inadequate blood flow through the arteries

4

atrophy

decrease in size, wasting away, or progressive decline of a body part or tissue

5

bulla

large blister, as seen with burns

6

burn

thermal injury to tissues

7

carcinoma

malignant (cancerous) growth made up of epithelial cells that tends to infiltrate surrounding tissue thus causing metastasis

8

contusion

injury to tissues with skin discoloration from blood seepage just under the skin and without breakage of skin; a bruise

9

cyst

abnormal, closed epithelium-lined sac that contains a liquid or a semisolid substance

10

debride

remove contaminated, damaged, or devitalized (dead) tissue from a wound

11

decubitus ulcer

somewhat outdated term for pressure ulcer, impaired skin integrity and/or formation of a wound due to prolonged pressure

12

dehiscence

spontaneous opening of the edges of a surgical wound with partial or total separation of wound layers

13

dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

14

dermis

innermost layer of the skin

15

drainage

seepage or withdrawal of fluids from a wound or cavity

16

ecchymosis

hemorrhagic spot, or bruise, caused by bleeding under the skin and irregularly formed in blue, purple, or brown patches

17

edema

accumulation of excess fluid, causing swelling in the cells, in intercellular spaces within tissues, or in potential spaces inside the body

18

erythema

reddening of the skin caused by congestion of the capillaries

19

eschar

slough (hard crust or mass of dead tissue) produced by a thermal burn, a corrosive application, or gangrene

20

exudate

material such as fluid with a high content of protein and cellular debris that has escaped from blood vessels and has been deposited in tissues or on tissue surfaces, usually as a result of inflammation

21

fistula

any abnormal tubelike passage in the body

22

granulation

development of red moist tissue made up of new blood vessels, indicating the progression of wound healing

23

hematoma

localized collection of blood underneath the tissues, appearing as a swelling or mass often characterized by a bluish discoloration

24

inflammation

protective response occurring in reaction to any type of bodily injury or destruction of tissues, characterized by redness and swelling and sometimes serous exudate

25

irrigate

wash out with fluid

26

keloid

sharply elevated, progressively enlarging scar that does not fade with time

27

laceration

cut; torn wound

28

maceration

softening or dissolution of tissue after lengthy exposure to fluid

29

macule

spot or thickening of the skin, not raised above the surface

30

melanoma

malignant mole or tumor on the skin with atypical melanocytes (pigment-forming cells) in both the epidermis and the dermis and sometimes the subcutaneous cells

31

necrosis

death of areas of tissue or bone surrounded by healthy tissue

32

nodule

small, solid mass that can be detected by touch

33

pallor

paleness; a decrease or absence of skin coloration

34

papule

small, circumscribed, solid, elevated skin lesion

35

petechiae

minute reddish or purplish spots containing blood that appear in skin or mucous membranes as a result of localized hemorrhage (singular form: petechia)

36

plaque

any patch or flat area of the skin, such as the characteristic scales of psoriasis or eczema

37

pressure ulcer

impaired skin integrity and/or formation of a wound due to prolonged pressure

38

pruritus

itching

39

puncture

wound made by a sharp pointed object penetrating the skin

40

purpura

condition characterized by various skin manifestations, including hemorrhages into the skin, mucous membranes, internal organs, and other tissues

41

purulent

containing pus

42

pus

yellowish liquid product of inflammation or infection

43

pustule

small, elevated skin lesion that contains pus

44

rash

skin eruption, most often temporary, caused by allergies, irritation, or disease processes

45

scar

mark that remains on the skin after a wound has healed

46

serous

pertaining to serum; thin and watery like serum

47

shear

force exerted parallel to the skin resulting both from gravity and from resistance (friction) between the patient and a surface, such as that created when a patient slumps in a chair

48

skin tear

a traumatic wound resulting from separation of the epidermis from the dermis

49

slough

mass of dead tissue separating from an ulcer

50

stasis

stagnation (stopping) of the flow of body fluid, most commonly used to describe the impaired flow of blood back to the heart from the peripheral circulation (venous stasis)

51

venous insufficiency

inadequacy of the venous valves and impairment of venous return from the lower limbs (venous stasis), often with edema and sometimes with skin ulcers (particularly at the ankles)

52

vesicle

small blister that contains liquid

53

wheal

smooth, localized, reddened or pale, slightly elevated area on the skin that is either induced via intradermal injection or is typical of allergic reactions