AtlasA-P29-31Reverse Flashcards Preview

BMS129-A&P > AtlasA-P29-31Reverse > Flashcards

Flashcards in AtlasA-P29-31Reverse Deck (25):
1

is a stance in which a person stands erect with the feet flat on the floor and close together, arms at the sides, and the palms and face directed forward

Anatomical position

2

the forearm is supinated—that is, rotated so the palm faces anteriorly (front). When the forearm is pronated, the palm faces posteriorly (backward). See picture

How does forearms face in anatomical position?

3

A person is supine if lying face up and prone if lying face down.

Define supine and prone?

4

sagittal - passes vertically through the body or an organ and divides it into right and left portions.The sagittal plane that divides the body or organ into equal halves is also called the median (midsagittal) plane. Other sagittal planes parallel to this (off center) divide the body into unequal right and left portions. Such planes are sometimes called parasagittal2 planes.

frontal (or coronal plane) -  extends vertically, but it is perpendicular to the sagittal plane and divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions.

transverse (or horizontal plane)- A transverse (horizontal) plane passes across the body or an organ perpendicular to its long axis; it divides the body or organ into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions. 

The three anatomical planes are?

5

Diagram of the views of the body using the three anatomical planes

6

Toward the front or belly

Ventral

7

Toward the back or spine

Dorsal

8

Toward the ventral side (ie toward front or belly)

Anterior

9

Toward the dorsal side (toward the back)

Posterior

10

Toward the head or superior end

cephalic

11

toward the forehead or nose

Rostral

12

Toward the tail or inferior end

Caudal

13

above

Superior

14

below

Inferior

15

Toward the median plane. Ie the heart is medial to the lungs.

Medial

16

Away from the median plane. Ie the eyes are lateral to the nose.

Lateral

17

Closer to the point of attachment or origin, ie the elbow is proximal to the wrist.

Proximal

18

Further from the point of attachment or origin. ie the fingernails are the distal ends of the fingers.

Distal

19

On the same side of the body

Ipsilateral

20

On opposite sides of the body

Contralateral

21

Closer to the body surface, ie skin is superficial to the muscles.

Superficial

22

Farther from the body surface, ie bones are deep to the muscles.

Deep

23

Describes the location of one body structure to another

Define directional terms of anatomy?

24

Consists of head, neck (cervical region) and trunk

Axial region?

25

The thoracic region above the diaphragm and the abdominal region below it.

The trunk can be divided into what two regions?