is a stance in which a person stands erect with the feet flat on the floor and close together, arms at the sides, and the palms and face directed forward
the forearm is supinated—that is, rotated so the palm faces anteriorly (front). When the forearm is pronated, the palm faces posteriorly (backward). See picture
How does forearms face in anatomical position?
A person is supine if lying face up and prone if lying face down.
Define supine and prone?
sagittal - passes vertically through the body or an organ and divides it into right and left portions.The sagittal plane that divides the body or organ into equal halves is also called the median (midsagittal) plane. Other sagittal planes parallel to this (off center) divide the body into unequal right and left portions. Such planes are sometimes called parasagittal2 planes.
frontal (or coronal plane) - extends vertically, but it is perpendicular to the sagittal plane and divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions.
transverse (or horizontal plane)- A transverse (horizontal) plane passes across the body or an organ perpendicular to its long axis; it divides the body or organ into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions.
The three anatomical planes are?
Diagram of the views of the body using the three anatomical planes
Toward the front or belly
Toward the back or spine
Toward the ventral side (ie toward front or belly)
Toward the dorsal side (toward the back)
Toward the head or superior end
toward the forehead or nose
Toward the tail or inferior end
Toward the median plane. Ie the heart is medial to the lungs.
Away from the median plane. Ie the eyes are lateral to the nose.
Closer to the point of attachment or origin, ie the elbow is proximal to the wrist.
Further from the point of attachment or origin. ie the fingernails are the distal ends of the fingers.
On the same side of the body
On opposite sides of the body
Closer to the body surface, ie skin is superficial to the muscles.
Farther from the body surface, ie bones are deep to the muscles.
Describes the location of one body structure to another
Define directional terms of anatomy?
Consists of head, neck (cervical region) and trunk
The thoracic region above the diaphragm and the abdominal region below it.
The trunk can be divided into what two regions?