Flashcards in Atomic Structure of Diamonds Deck (12):
What is a Atom
An atom is the smallest unit of a chemical element. It is a fundamental piece of matter.
What does an Atom consist of?
An atom is made out of particles called subatomic particles: protons, neutrons, and electrons.
What is an electron?
The electrons which are negatively charged fly around or orbit the nucleus which in the center of the atom and consists of the protons and neutrons which are negatively charged.
What keeps atoms together?
The negative electrons are attracted to the positive nucleus by the same electrical force which causes magnets to work. That's what keeps the atom together.
What is the atomic number?
The number of protons in the nucleus
What is atomic structure?
Atomic structure is the way in which atoms are arranged in a molecule with specific details about protons,electron, and neutrons.
How do diamonds bond?
Diamond is hard because the covalent bonds between the carbon atoms are very strong and hold the atom firmly in its 3D shape.
How does graphite bond?
Graphite has a 2D arrangement in a trigonal planar shape, forming layers with weak intermolecular forces and the weak forces are easily broken.
What is covalent bonding?
Covalent bonding is the sharing of electrons. Diamonds crystalize and covalent bondings occur.
What are the building block of diamonds?
What is the chemical element of diamonds?