Flashcards in Attention Deck (7)
concentrating on one aspect of the sensory
the capacity for or process of reacting to certain stimuli selectively when several occur simultaneously.
Cocktail party phenomenon
being able to focus one's auditory attention on a particular stimulus while filtering out a range of other stimuli, much the same way that a partygoer can focus on a single conversation in a noisy room.
ability to perform multiple tasks at the same time
Examples include driving a car whilst carrying on a conversation with a passenger and eating dinner whilst watching the news.
Controlled (effortful) processing
requires us to pay attention and deliberately put in effort
intentionally done while we are consciously aware of what we are doing. In other words, we actually have to think about what is going on and make decisions
does not require us to pay attention
Nor do we have to deliberately put in effort to control automatic processes.
Automatic processing occurs without us giving much thought to it. If we practice something long enough, it becomes automatic.