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Flashcards in Attention Deck (7)
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concentrating on one aspect of the sensory

AKA sensorium


Selective Attention

the capacity for or process of reacting to certain stimuli selectively when several occur simultaneously.


Cocktail party phenomenon

being able to focus one's auditory attention on a particular stimulus while filtering out a range of other stimuli, much the same way that a partygoer can focus on a single conversation in a noisy room.


Divided Attention

ability to perform multiple tasks at the same time

Examples include driving a car whilst carrying on a conversation with a passenger and eating dinner whilst watching the news.


Controlled (effortful) processing

requires us to pay attention and deliberately put in effort

intentionally done while we are consciously aware of what we are doing. In other words, we actually have to think about what is going on and make decisions


Automatic processing

does not require us to pay attention
Nor do we have to deliberately put in effort to control automatic processes.
Automatic processing occurs without us giving much thought to it. If we practice something long enough, it becomes automatic.


Describe the "filter" used in selective attention

permits us to focus on one set of stimuli while scanning other stimuli in the background for impertinent information (such as our name, or a significant change in the environment)