Atypical Cervical Vertebrae: C7/Vertebra Prominens Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy I - Exam 2 > Atypical Cervical Vertebrae: C7/Vertebra Prominens > Flashcards

Flashcards in Atypical Cervical Vertebrae: C7/Vertebra Prominens Deck (21):
1

What names may be given to C7?

vertebra prominens and vertebral prominence

2

What is the name given to the topographical elevation observed at the base of the neck?

vertebral prominence

3

In what percent of men and of women does C7 become the vertebral prominence?

- men: 86%
- women: 79%

4

What is the segment and gender bias for vertebrae other than C7 becoming the vertebral prominence?

C6 is more common in females and T1 is more common in males

5

What joint surfaces are present at the superior margin of the vertebral body of C7?

- anterior groove
- posterior groove
- right and left uncinate processes
- cancellous bone

6

What joint surfaces are present at the inferior margin of the vertebral body of C7?

- anterior and posterior margins of the inferior epiphyseal rim
- cancellous bone

7

How many joint surfaces are present at the vertebral body of C7?

eight

8

What joint classifications are observed at the vertebral body of C7?

- fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis
- cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis
- modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar)

9

How many synovial joint surfaces are observed at the vertebral body of C7?

two

10

What synovial joint surfaces are observed at the vertebral body of C7?

the right and left uncinate processes

11

What muscle attaches to the vertebral body of C7?

longus colli muscle

12

What are the osseous parts of the transverse process of C7?

- costal element
- anterior tubercle
- costotransverse bar
- posterior tubercle
- true transverse process

13

What features are typically present in the transverse foramen at C7?

- vertebral venous plexus
- postganglionic sympathetic motor fibers

14

What muscles attach to the transverse process of C7?

- middle scalene
- iliocostalis thoracis
- longissimus cervicis
- semispinalis capitis
- rotators
- intertransversarii
- levator costarum brevis

15

What is the angulation of the articular facet at C7?

more vertical at about 63 degrees

16

What is the orientation of the superior articular facet of C7?

backward, upward, and medial (BUM)

17

What is the orientation of the inferior articular facet of C7?

forward, medial, downward (ForMeD)

18

What muscles will attach to the articular process of C7?

- longissimus cervicis
- longissimus capitis
- semispinalis cervicis
- multifidis

19

What are the features of the spinous process of C7?

long, horizontal, nonbifid

20

What muscles attach to the spinous process of C7?

- trapezius
- rhomboid minor
- serratus posterior superior
- splenius capitis
- spinalis capitis
- spinalis cervicis
- semispinalis thoracis
- multifidis
- rotators
- interspinalis

21

What ligaments attach to the spinous process of C7?

- ligamentum nuchae
- interspinous ligaments