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FDNY Core Competencies

FEMS SLAM

FEMS SLAM

Fire
EMS
Search/Rescue

Structural Evacuation
Life Safety
Arson
Mass Decon

1

AUC 310

Structural Fires - Due to the possibility of members operating without full PPC and also due to the negative perception by the public, all members except chauffeurs shall don their PPC prior to responding. In hot weather, if the apparatus is not equipped with ____________________________________, coats and protective hoods may be dispensed with while responding.

a functioning air conditioning unit

2

AUC 8 Missing Signs

Typically the advised speed will be ___ mph for a 4” reducer (speed hump) and ___ mph for a 3” reducer. ADVISORY SPEEDS SHALL BE ADHERED TO AT ALL TIMES.

15 mph for a 4” reducer

20 mph for a 3” reducer

When signs denoting speed humps are found to be missing, a report shall be forwarded to the Bureau of Operations, City Planning, FDNY.

Each concrete reducer (speed hump) will be stripped according to the “receding lines” design.

Each asphalt reducer (speed hump) will be stripped according to the “chevron” design.

3

A.U.C. 149 BUCKEYE PIPELINE

Wrenches - There are three types of wrenches designed for use on the pipeline which are issued to units.

A. A short tee wrench used for opening the hinged cover of the valve.

B. A three and one-half foot long wrench painted yellow with a A short tee wrench used for opening the hinged cover of the valve.

C. A combination wrench. The combination wrench combines the short tee wrench and the long wrench into one tool.

An extra set of wrenches shall be hung on the wall near the house watch desk, or some other prominent location easily visible, and clearly marked. These wrenches are for the use of relocated companies, or units not so equipped which are directed to respond to a 9000 series box.

4

A.U.C. 149 BUCKEYE PIPELINE

Manual shut off valves are generally located below ground in a valve housing under a hinged cover.

Turned clockwise ___ full turns (___ half turns) to shut off

The only exceptions are the valves located on the shipper's lines extending from the Long Island City terminal which require ___ full turns (___ halfturns) clockwise.

42 full turns (84 half turns) to shut off

The only exceptions are the valves located on the shipper's lines extending from the Long Island City terminal which require 24 full turns (48 halfturns) clockwise.

NOTE:
There are above ground valves which are not normally shut down by Fire Department personnel, except under conditions when the plant must be isolated.

5

A.U.C. 149 BUCKEYE PIPELINE

Two types of cards have been issued for each pipeline section.

Unit Alarm Assignment Card (UAAC)

Instruction Card for that section.

Each Assigned and Alternate Unit has been issued two sets of Unit Alarm Assignment and Instruction Cards. One set shall be carried on the apparatus; the other set shall be placed in a prominent clearly marked and protected place at the house watch desk, for use by relocated units.

Any unit special called to a pipeline box, 9000 series, which does not have the special wrenches, Assignment and Instruction cards, and map shall respond to the quarters of the nearest unit so equipped and secure this equipment at the housewatch area.

6

A.U.C. 149 BUCKEYE PIPELINE

Foam


Engine companies responding from quarters on the second alarm for a street box associated with a leak should place additional cans of foam on the apparatus.

Note: Engine companies out of quarters, receiving a notification to respond to a second alarm for a pipeline leak must not return to quarters for the additional cans of foam.

Additional cans of foam must be stored with the spare wrenches for use by relocated units.

7

A.U.C. 149 BUCKEYE PIPELINE
FIRE DEPARTMENT OPERATIONS

Isolation of the leak.

Valves should always be closed as per duties required by Instruction Cards, except

when a unit is required to protect life in a serious life threatening situation, and is thereby prevented from carrying out isolation duties.

8

A.U.C. 149 BUCKEYE PIPELINE

Patrols will be on foot or by apparatus as designated on alarm assignment cards.

Foot patrols are conducted by two handi-talkie equipped firefighters.

If a unit officer determines that the duties of shutting down valves and patrolling the pipeline, can not be accomplished the officer must request the response of another unit either directly through the dispatcher or by notifying the Incident Commander.

Units other than those assigned to isolation duties will respond to the Command Post.

Units performing isolation duties will announce 10-84 at valve locations, and inform the dispatcher of valve closures as well as completion of patrol duties.

9

A.U.C. 149 BUCKEYE PIPELINE

The potential for explosion is greatest on

Hot
Humid
Calm days.

10

A.U.C. 149 BUCKEYE PIPELINE

The building of dikes may contain spills or divert flow away from underground areas such as subways, railroad cuts or tunnels. In this regard:

A. Cover unignited pools of spilled gasoline or aviation fuel with foam.

B. Solid hose streams held horizontally a few inches above the ground and moved rapidly from side to side will wash burning gasoline or aviation fuel aside to provide a path for rescue. Use caution to prevent gasoline from flowing behind units and trapping them.

11

A.U.C. 149 BUCKEYE PIPELINE

Department apparatus should not be brought closer than ______ to a leak.

600'

12

A.U.C. 149 BUCKEYE PIPELINE

In Brooklyn, the Bay Ridge line of the Long Island Railroad is used by Con Rail for the transportation of freight. The Con Rail trains are diesel powered since the line is not electrified. They have no radio or other contact with their Con Rail dispatcher. Hence, requests to the Brooklyn Fire Dispatcher to shut off power or stop train traffic cannot be accomplished. The Incident Commander must position "flag-persons" at least ____________ on each side of the incident.

1,000 feet

13

A.U.C. 149 BUCKEYE PIPELINE

These "flag-persons" must be equipped with ______________________, and have a clear understanding of their responsibilities and how to accomplish them, i.e. to warn our members immediately upon any suspicion or indication of an approaching train, and after placing themselves out of certain danger to attempt to stop the approaching train in accordance with the provisions of All Units Circular 207, and standard operating procedures for track operations!

handi-talkies, flashlights

14

A.U.C. 149 BUCKEYE PIPELINE

When the leak location is identified, what should be included in the preliminary report to the dispatcher?

"LATE"

L= Location of the leak
A= Estimate of the Amount of product in the street
T= Topography
E= Exposures

15

A.U.C. 149 BUCKEYE PIPELINE

3 Times when Valves may be inspected:

Definitely will be:

semi-annual hydrants inspections
familiarization drills

May be:
Valve pits subject to flooding must be inspected during subfreezing weather.

16

A.U.C. 149 BUCKEYE PIPELINE

Needed repairs or recommendations should be the subject of a letterhead report to the Buckeye Pipeline Coordinator at Division 8.

Reports of critical repairs should be the subject of an immediate telephone notification.

Flooded pits require an immediate telephone notification to the Buckeye Pipeline Coordinator

17

A.U.C. 149 BUCKEYE PIPELINE

Hydrant record cards may be modified for use as an inspection control for valves,valves covers, post marker, security fences, locks, etc.

Cards should indicate if the valve pit is subject to flooding.

18

A.U.C. 149 BUCKEYE PIPELINE

TRAINING

Drills

FAMILIARIZATION DRILLS

DIVISION DRILLS

BOROUGH DRILLS


FAMILIARIZATION DRILLS March/April and September/October

DIVISION DRILLS March/April and September/October

BOROUGH DRILLS October/November

19

A.U.C. 149 BUCKEYE PIPELINE

FAMILIARIZATION DRILLS

They shall walk the route of the pipeline, in their response districts, noting any obstructions or conditions which could hamper operations.

NOTE: Under no circumstances shall valves be turned, closed, or operated in any manner during Familiarization Drills!

20

A.U.C. 149 BUCKEYE PIPELINE

DIVISION DRILLS

Division drills shall simulate an actual incident occurring on the Buckeye Pipeline.

At the drill, hose lines shall be stretched, valve covers shall be opened, wrenches shall be placed on operating nuts, and the pipeline shall be patrolled. Communications shall be evaluated by chief officers participating in the Division Drill.

The Division Drill shall be limited to the use of three engine and two ladder companies. Special units may participate with the approval and concurrence of the deputy chief and the commander of the special unit.

NOTE: Under no circumstances shall valves be turned, closed, or operated in any manner during Division Drills!

21

A.U.C. 149 BUCKEYE PIPELINE

BOROUGH DRILLS

This will be a surprise drill in order to closely simulate an actual fire and/or emergency.

They shall carry out all the assignments on the Instruction Cards - this includes actually shutting down the valves!

The Borough Drills are the only drills where members will experience the actual closing of valves.

22

A.U.C. 149 BUCKEYE PIPELINE

TRAINING

Number of Drills per Unit



Assigned Units (first line of Unit Alarm Assignment Cards) shall participate in one Familiarization, and one Division Drill per year.

Alternate Units (third, fourth, and fifth line of Unit Alarm Assignment Cards) shall participate in one Division Drill per year.

Multi Unit drills may be utilized for Familiarization and Division Drills.

23

IROQUOIS NATURAL GAS PIPELINE

24" (OD) high strength steel pipeline

Maximum allowable operating pressure of 1,440 psig

however it typically will operate in the 400 psig to 1,100-psig range

Natural gas is

non-toxic

lighter than air

can be an asphyxiant as it displaces oxygen

combustible in concentrations from approximately 5% to 15%

will naturally disperse into the atmosphere.

24

IROQUOIS NATURAL GAS PIPELINE

These valves also have manual shutdown capabilities. In the event these valves require manual shutdown, this will be performed by

ConEdison/Iroquois qualified personnel when ordered by the FDNY Incident Commander.

25

IROQUOIS NATURAL GAS PIPELINE

This valve requires ___________ turns to close.

213 full

Rescue 3 carries a special hydraulic wrench for this valve and a backup hydraulic wrench is stored at the FDNY Command Post building at 500 Food Center Drive.

26

IROQUOIS NATURAL GAS PIPELINE

ALARM PROCEDURES

Except in the event of immediate threat to life or property, no valves should be opened or closed without the approval of the FDNY IC in consultation with Con Edison/Iroquois personnel.

Unit Alarm Assignment/Instruction Cards shall contain the box number 8600 identifying the Iroquois Natural Gas Pipeline/Con Edison Hunts Point Facility and the number of units for the first alarm response assignment. Instructions on the card will indicate if the unit is to respond to the Incident Command Post or the Staging Area.

Each 1st through 3rd alarm unit has been issued two Unit Alarm Assignment /Instruction Cards. One card shall be carried on the apparatus; the other card shall be placed in a prominent, clearly marked and protected place at the housewatch, for use by relocated units.

Duties of units may involve manually shutting down valves and/or patrolling the pipeline to locate the reported leak or fire.

27

IROQUOIS NATURAL GAS PIPELINE

Due to the extremely high pressure found in this pipeline system, consideration shall be given to allow escaping gas to naturally disperse into the atmosphere without the use of fog lines to assist in dispersal.

The use of fog lines may actually hinder the dissipation of the gas.

The primary consideration is the evacuation of the area involved.

28

IROQUOIS NATURAL GAS PIPELINE

Patrolling the pipeline to locate the leak will be performed by a Squad Company or SOC Support Ladder Company as designated by the Incident Commander. The designated units shall utilize their metering capabilities during their patrol duties.

Note: If Rescue, Squad or SOC Support Ladder Company personnel are not available, the IC shall order available units to perform these duties.

In the event of a sub sea leak, a Marine Company will be assigned to patrol the sub sea pipeline.

29

IROQUOIS NATURAL GAS PIPELINE

Familiarization Drills October/November
Borough Drills April/May

NOTE: Under no circumstances shall valves be operated without prior consultation with Iroquois/Con Edison personnel during drills. Partial closure of the valves may be permitted after consultation with pipeline personnel. Under NO circumstances will full closure of these valves be permitted during drills.

30

AUC 151 BRUSH FIRE OPERATIONS

Serious brush fire conditions occur when the following weather conditions are present:

Low humidity.

Winds in excess of fifteen (15) miles per hour.

Little or no rainfall for the preceding three or more days. The longer the period without rain the greater the hazard.

31

AUC 151 BRUSH FIRE OPERATIONS

The leading edge of a moving fire.

The rear of the fire is

Looking at the fire from the rear of the blackened area, the left side is called the left flank while the right side is called the right flank.

___________ are strips of long, thin sections of fire extending outward from the main blackened fire area.

______________ are isolated small fires downwind from the main fire that are caused by brands carried by the wind.

The head of the fire

the side opposite the head.



Fingers

Spot fires

32

AUC 151 BRUSH FIRE OPERATIONS

All engine companies assigned to Staten Island shall carry:

- Two Indian Pumps
- Four Fire Brooms
- 1” Forestry Hose

33

AUC 151 BRUSH FIRE OPERATIONS

All engine companies assigned to respond or relocate to Staten Island on Boxes100D- 400D, or on second or greater alarms for brush fires on Staten Island, shall carry a minimum of:

- Two Indian Pumps
- Four Fire Brooms

34

AUC 151 BRUSH FIRE OPERATIONS

All ladder companies assigned to Staten Island shall carry a minimum of:

- Four Indian Pumps

- Four Fire Brooms

- Six lengths of 1 ¾" hose

35

AUC 151 BRUSH FIRE OPERATIONS

A separate Fire Record Journal shall be kept for each BFU.

When staffed independently, the officer working in the BFU is responsible for Fire Record Journal and NYFIRS entries.



BFUs do not have MDTs,they are dispatched by radio.

36

AUC 151 BRUSH FIRE OPERATIONS

BFU winches are designed for self-extrication or for use on similar weight vehicles.

They shall not be used to tow out full size apparatus or heavy trucks.

37

AUC 151 BRUSH FIRE OPERATIONS

Commanding officers of engine companies where in the BFUs are quartered shall ensure that the BFUs have had PMP and are completely serviceable by

March 1st and October 1st, to ensure their availability for each brush fire season

38

AUC 151 BRUSH FIRE OPERATIONS

Units are not to self-commit to operations unless

structures are exposed.

39

AUC 151 BRUSH FIRE OPERATIONS

TACTICS

A. Protect exposures.

B. Avoid hooking up to hydrants, except to protect exposures.

C. Once exposures are covered the fire attack can begin. Wind velocity is not constant. The best time to move in for a close attack is when the wind diminishes. Heavy reliance should be placed on the use of Indian Pumps, brooms, and booster lines from BFUs.

D. Consider wetting down unburned area ahead of the fire.

E. In general, avoid attacking from or operating in front of the fire.

F. If necessary to operate in front of the fire (only to protect life), sufficient charged lines must be in place and capable of protecting operating forces. An on-rushingwall of fire can endanger operating forces.

40

AUC 151 BRUSH FIRE OPERATIONS

ENGINE COMPANY OPERATIONS

Should concentrate on protecting exposures and maintaining mobility.

Fire attack can begin once exposures are covered.

Heavy reliance should be placed on the use of Indian Pumps, brooms, and boosterlines from BFUs during initial attack.

41

AUC 151 BRUSH FIRE OPERATIONS

LADDER COMPANY OPERATIONS

Responding ladder companies should anticipate operating in teams utilizing Indian Pumps and brooms, unless directed otherwise.

When operating with Indian Pumps, members should work in teams of two: one with an Indian Pump, the other with a broom. Work along the perimeter near the head of the fire. Do not operate in front of the fire.

42

AUC 151 BRUSH FIRE OPERATIONS

SPECIAL UNIT OPERATIONS

The rescue apparatus winch can be used to extricate bogged-down apparatus.

43

AUC 151 BRUSH FIRE OPERATIONS

If a forward refueling site is used, a _____________ and a _____________ with the associated engine company should be special called to that location for the duration of the refueling operation.

Foam Carrier

Purple K unit

44

AUC 159 HURRICANE AND SEVERE STORM EMERGENCIES

Requisitioning shall commence

Items on requisition not received by ___________ shall be called to the attention of the Division Storm Operations Coordinator.

Review preparation plans for quarters on

March 1st

May 1st

May 1st of each year.

45

AUC 159 HURRICANE AND SEVERE STORM EMERGENCIES

Phase A is designated the _____________________

Phase B is designated the ______________________

Phase A is designated the Activation Phase

Phase B is designated the Implementation Phase

46

AUC 159 HURRICANE AND SEVERE STORM EMERGENCIES

Phase A Activities

Quarters

All units shall begin to secure quarters. Unsecured items on Fire Department property shall be stored properly. Begin securing windows. Consider using salvage plastic to cover windows.

Host Companies shall start to make arrangements for the possibility that flooded companies will join them.

Companies from quarters that may be flooded shall initiate movement of items from basements and first floors to interior rooms on upper floors.

Notify members of reception areas so personal vehicles can remain out of flood areas. Remind members to prepare their homes.

Determine the need to drain fuel tanks in quarters where flooding is expected.

Move MSU Depots and CFR-D Depots if threatened by flooding.

Implement unit specific plans drawn up during the pre-planning stage.

Additional preparations can be found in Addendum 3.

47

AUC 159 HURRICANE AND SEVERE STORM EMERGENCIES

The depth of the water to be crossed should not exceed ___ for first line apparatus, and ___ for FDNY Hi-Axle vehicles.

The depth of the water to be crossed should not exceed 18” for first line apparatus, and 50” for FDNY Hi-Axle vehicles.

48

AUC 159 Add 7 STILL WATER OPERATIONS

STILL WATER OPERATIONS

Rising, but non-flowing, floodwaters, referred to as still water.

49

AUC 159 Add 7 STILL WATER OPERATIONS

14-foot, 140 lb. Flat Bottom Boat

There will be no motors or oars issued with the boat as the intent is for members to walk the boat into flooded areas where the depth of the water permits.

50

AUC 159 Add 7 STILL WATER OPERATIONS

When the Water Rescue Company is a Ladder Company, an Engine Company will be dispatched to transport the Flat Bottom Boat. Priority will be given to dispatching the Engine that is quartered with the Ladder Company when available.

When the Water Rescue Company is an Engine Company, they will transport the Flat Bottom Boat, and a neighboring Engine Company will be dispatched to assist in operations.

51

AUC 159 Add 7 STILL WATER OPERATIONS

No member shall enter the water unless equipped with a Cold Water Suit or waders and a PFD.

The Water Rescue Company will enter the flooded area with the Flat Bottom Boat, assist the stranded victims into the boat, provide each victim with a PFD, and transport the civilians from the flooded area.

If possible, stranded victims should be removed to the Water Rescue Company’s point of entry.

6 PFD's but boat will only hold 3 people

52

A.U.C. 159, ADDENDUM 8 Rapid Response Vehicle Task Force

The initial task force shall consist of:

An officer serving as Task Force Leader (TFL)

Four firefighters

Two apparatus consisting of:
- Two Rapid Response Vehicles (RRV-SSL second piece), or
- One RRV and one TAC Unit or
- One RRV and one BFU

Other possible additions:
- Tower Ladder
- Con Edison can provide as part of a task force a boom truck and an electrical trouble shooter

53

A.U.C. 159, ADDENDUM 8 Rapid Response Vehicle Task Force

Each task force shall be equipped with a minimum of the following:

Two chain saws
Spare chains
Chain saw fuel
NFPA approved protective equipment for chain saw operations including;
o Helmet
o Eye and ear protection
o Gloves
o Bunker boots
o Chaps

Elevator keys
One dewatering pump

54

A.U.C. 159, ADDENDUM 8 Rapid Response Vehicle Task Force

Primary Communications:
Department Administrative Radio System (DARS)

Alternate Communications: 800 MHz radios

Contingency Communications: Cell phones

Emergency Communications: The Department Radio
> An emergency exists and direct communication to the borough dispatcher is necessary.
> The other systems are not operable.

Individual task forces require identification but their designations are flexible. Consideration shall be given to identifying each task force using the designation of one of the assigned RRVs in that task force. (e.g., Task Force-132 would include RRV 132). Members communicating to each other within the task force would use their assigned unit designations to identify themselves, (e.g., RRV 132 to BFU 2).

55

A.U.C. 159, ADDENDUM 9 DEWATERING PUMP PROTOCOL

During a severe storm, units should not be committed to dewatering operations EXCEPT in the following cases:

Where lives are endangered

Where failure to dewater creates a serious fire hazard

Where extensive property damage can be averted

Where major safety and dangerous traffic problems can be alleviated

When unit availability for the affected boroughs returns to 75% or greater,

56

A.U.C. 159, ADDENDUM 9 DEWATERING PUMP PROTOCOL

In all dewatering operations, the following shall apply:

The total number of units committed to dewatering operations should not reduce the overall availability of Engine and Ladder Companies below 75%.

57

A.U.C 200 WINTER OPERATIONS

The following equipment shall be assembled in readiness and placed on company apparatus when snow or ice emergency is imminent or Phase A or B established.

At least 6 extra lengths of 2 ½" hose, rolled or folded, on each Engine and Ladder apparatus.

2 shovels.

Containers of salt and/or sand.

Vehicle recovery strap with shackle

Tire chains, spare links and link tool.

Specialized hydrant connection set-up as determined by individual commanding officers.

58

A.U.C 200 WINTER OPERATIONS

Requisitioning Supplies

Requisitioning shall commence July 1st to permit sufficient time for various Bureaus to obtain and deliver materials.

Items on requisition not received by October 1st shall be called to the attention of Division Coordinators.

59

A.U.C 200 WINTER OPERATIONS

Units encountering frozen hydrants during operations or while on inspectional activities shall place a Yellow Hydrant Disc and report the hydrant to their Administrative Battalion on the Company Frozen Hydrant Control Sheet (CD-65F).

Units placing a Yellow Disc on a hydrant not in their administrative area shall promptly notify the officer on duty in the administrative company for inclusion on the administrative companies Frozen Hydrant Control Sheet (CD-65F).

60

A.U.C 200 WINTER OPERATIONS

Surveys and Reconnaissance Reports

at 3 hour intervals:

"MARS"

1. Main arteries which are impassable.
2. Action taken to alleviate conditions.
3. Percentage of response area impassable.
4. Specific large areas or special hazards inaccessible.

61

A.U.C 200 WINTER OPERATIONS

4 or more stories=

3 Stories or Less=

4 or more stories= Ladder 1st

3 Stories or Less=Engine enters block first

62

A.U.C. 268A I.G. & INVESTIGATIONS/TRIALS NOTIFICATIONS

NOTIFICATION TO THE OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL

CCCMM

> Corruption
> Criminal Activity
> Conflict of Interest
> Misconduct
> Mismanagement

Always by phone, either directly or through FDOC

63

The following are examples of situations which require direct notification to the Inspector General's Office:

Any allegation concerning the violation of City, State or Federal law by an employee or person dealing with the City.

Any allegation concerning a conflict of interest by an employee or person dealing with the City.

Any allegation concerning improper activity in the procurement of
services or property for or by the FDNY.

Any allegation concerning the theft of City property or services by an
employee or person dealing with the City.

Any allegation concerning the offer or acceptance of a bribe or gratuity by an employee or person dealing with the City.

Any allegation concerning improper activity in connection with the procurement or attempted procurement of pension benefits by employees.

Any allegation concerning false claims by employees that off-duty injuries occurred while on-duty.

Any allegation concerning the falsification of or tampering with FDNY records,forms or computer data.

The failure by any employee or supervisor to make proper notifications to the Inspector General as set forth in All Units Circular 268B(Rev).

Any allegation concerning thefts by employees during fire and emergency operations, inspectional activities or from quarters, requires immediate (as soon as fire or emergency operations permit) notification to the Inspector General. This notification will be made by the Incident Commander at the scene via cellular phone to the Fire Operations Center at (718) 999-2094. The FOC will relay the information to the Inspector General's Office

64

NOTIFICATION TO THE BUREAU OF INVESTIGATIONS AND TRIALS

On-duty incidents involving possession or use of drugs or alcohol.

Physical altercations among members, serious confrontations with civilians, dangerous misuse of Department vehicles.

Arrest of Department employees.

On-duty confrontations between Department members and members of the Police Department, or other government agencies which may lead to possible disciplinary action.

65

WRITTEN NOTIFICATION TO THE BUREAU OF INVESTIGATIONS AND TRIALS

The following situations require written notification to the Bureau of Investigations and Trials:

IMMMAC

Incompetence (i.e., repeated negligent of unsatisfactory performance of duties) so serious that the officer believes disciplinary charges are warranted.

Misconduct by a Department employee not falling within the jurisdiction of the Inspector General.

Misuse or Misappropriation of the Department's time.

Arrest of a member. (Follow-up information regarding the)

Charges against a member. (Preference of)

66

Cellular phone sites consist of four major components:

1. The base station is a computer that processes the radio signals being received by the receptor antenna.

2. The primary electrical power for a cellular communications station is generally between 50 and 200 amps AC. This will be separate from the building service. The secondary backup power will consist of batteries, diesel generator, or natural gas generator or a combination of battery and generator.

3. Coaxial cable is used to supply the RF signal from the base station to the radio antenna. Coaxial foam radio frequency cable is waterproof and carries only a small amount (3-4 watts) of electrical current.

4. There are multiple transmitting and receiving antennas on the upper portion of the building.

67

AUC 331 CELL PHONE SITES

The antennas may not extend higher than ____ feet above the height of the roof or parapet on the roof, or ____ feet above any penthouse or bulkhead, if placed on such penthouse or bulkhead.

CIDS card should specify:

6'

1. the location of the cell site room
2. backup power supply location
3. shut offs
4. and emergency telephone number of the cellular phone company.

68

AUC 331 CELL PHONE SITES

At an operation, line units must notify the incident commander once they become aware of a cell site.

Special call an additional engine and ladder company, if the cell site installation is involved.

Insure tower ladder response on the initial alarm for a reported fire in these buildings.

Consider stretching a handline to the roof at upper floor fires. This handline can be used to maintain egress routes and to cool supporting "I" beams.

Restrict the use of water and metal tools at these operations.

Ladder companies should consider utilizing portable dry chemical extinguishers at incipient fires.

Establish a collapse zone beneath parapets where antennas and installation equipment are located.

Avoid contact with the antenna and refrain from prolonged activity in close proximity tothe antenna.

69

A.U.C. 332
PUBLIC SPEAKING AND PRESS POLICY/NEWSWORTHY EVENTS

If no supervisor is present on-scene and if a press inquiry does not interfere with Department operations, members may respond to press inquiries only for the following non-confidential information:

A. Type of incident or event;
B. Number of patients or victims, if known; and
C. The hospital(s) to which the patient(s) or victim(s) are being transported.

70

AUC 269 ADD. 1 Air Rescue Plan

BRASH

B - Bolt Cutter
R - Rabbit Tool
A - Axes (2)
S - Search Ropes (2)
H - Halligans (2)

Plus 6 SCBA w/1-Hr Cylinder

71

11 Unified Commands

"U HEARD"

U = Utilities (Gas, Electric, Water, Steam)

H = Haz Mat (No Terrorism or Crime)
E = Explosion
A = Aviation
R = Rail Incident
D = Disasters (Like weather events..... Hurricanes)

72

AUC 276 CIMs

FDNY Single Command (8)

"ABCDEF"

Auto Extrications (1st to arrive)
Boat in distress (1st to arrive)
Confined space
Collapse of structures
Downed trees
Elevators
Entrapment/Impalement
Fire

73

AUC 323 Proby Reading Schedule

Entries:

Proby:

OOD:

Company Commander:

Proby: Blue/Black Ink

OOD: Initial/Date, Red Ink, when subject matter has been reviewed or drilled on.

Company Commander: Initial/Date, Red Ink, once per month, prioritize Reading Schedule

74

A.U.C. 207, ADDENDUM 3
ACCESS TO MTA NYC TRANSIT SUBWAY STATIONS

The MTA New York City Transit has also provided the following information at all subway stations within their system

"STERM"

Stairways
Token Booths
Emergency Exits
Rooms in station
Maps of station

75

A.U.C. 207, ADDENDUM 3
ACCESS TO MTA NYC TRANSIT SUBWAY STATIONS

METROCARDS

Company Commanders shall ensure that these cards are not bent or otherwise damaged so as to ensure that the card will work when needed.

After each roll call, the officer on duty shall record an entry in the Company Journal stating that the assigned Metrocard is accounted for and on the apparatus.

When a Metrocard is reported lost, stolen or damaged, the officer on duty shall immediately notify the PTSU.

In addition to this notification, the officer on duty shall file a police report and complete a Loss Property Report ensuring that the MTA NYC Transit identification number is included on all reports. The Loss Property Report along with the police report number shall be endorsed as required, and forwarded to the PTSU, Bureau of Operations, requesting that a replacement Metrocard be issued. A replacement Metrocard will not be issued until all reports have been forwarded are received.

76

A.U.C. 207, ADDENDUM 3
ACCESS TO MTA NYC TRANSIT SUBWAY STATIONS

HIGH EXIT ENTRY TURNSTILES (HEETs)

At these locations, a Fire Department 1620 lock (designated with a red cylinder or red faceplate) has been installed on the gate that is adjacent to the HEET in the fare area. This will allow access to the system.

Any unit that finds a gate at one of these entrances without a Fire Department 1620 lock shall forward a report through the chain of command to the PTSU, Bureau of Operations.

77

A.U.C. 207, Addendum 4

TRACK IDENTIFICATION SIGNS

These signs have a red background with white lettering, are located at the end of each platform, and contain the following information:

1. The name of the station.
2. The track designation and location.
3. A “You Are Here” indicator.
4. The direction and distance to the nearest emergency exit, and its identification number.
5. If there is not an emergency exit before the next station, then the identification of the next station is listed.
6. The normal train movement at that location; NB or SB.

Note: As an alternative, FDNY can use the train’s destination as a point of reference when giving the train’s direction of travel e.g., Manhattan bound; Brooklyn bound.

78

A.U.C. 207, Addendum 4

TRACK IDENTIFICATION SIGNS

MANHATTAN BRIDGE TRACK IDENTIFICATION SIGNS

Track identification signs are installed on columns of the Manhattan Bridge at 400-foot intervals, and 8' above the vehicle roadway

The signs have a red reflective background with white lettering.

Note: The following shall indicate the normal direction of traffic for trains on theManhattan Bridge only:

NB Indicates trains traveling into Manhattan from Brooklyn.

SB Indicates trains traveling into Brooklyn from Manhattan.

79

A.U.C. 207, ADDENDUM 5

SUBWAY EMERGENCY EXIT SIGN

32" prism-shaped, with white lettering on a red background and includes the emergency exit number.

The 5-light cluster previously used to identify emergency exits is being phased out.

Fluorescent lighting is being installed in all emergency exit stairwells and at track level adjacent to the emergency exit sign.

80

A.U.C. 207 ADDENDUM 7

LIGHT TRAIN PROCEDURES

It is intended that these "Light Trains" be used to transport FD personnel to small fires readily extinguishable by ________________, to investigate the source of minor smoke conditions and other similar type incidents.

one or two extinguishers

81

A.U.C. 207 ADDENDUM 7

LIGHT TRAIN PROCEDURES

The decision to use a "Light Train" is to be made only by the _____________________________, based on the size-up of the incident.


The ________ must assure a communications link with the FD Unit on the "Light Train" before authorizing its use. If a communications link cannot be established, the "Light Train" is not to be used.

The primary means of communications shall be via ________________.

Chief in Charge (CIC)

Chief in Charge (CIC)

the Train Operators radio.

82

If necessary to disembark the "Light Train", a Handi-Talkie equipped member shall be assigned to remain with the Train Operator to maintain communications.

The possibility of delay in communications must be anticipated. Therefore, progress reports from the "Light Train" shall be transmitted as soon as possible, but at least once every ___________.

A "Light Train" shall not travel ________________ without the permission of the CIC.

Apparatus of the unit who boarded the train should remain at its original location until, and if, directed to another location by the CIC.

15 minutes

past the next station

83

A.U.C. 207 ADDENDUM 9
CATENARY WIRES ON AMTRAK RAILROAD LINES

All fire teams applying water with hand-held fog nozzles should take advantage of the reach of the fog stream and observe to a minimum approach distance of _________________ to catenary wires.

ten feet (10')

84

Reach Train

Train that is brought up to the end of a disabled train with customers, to allow those customers to walk through the train back into a station.

85

Rescue Train

Train which is brought up to the end of or adjacent to a disabled train with customers, so that the customers can transfer onto it and be brought back to a station to be discharged.

86

AUC 276

UNIFIED COMMAND

"U HEARD"

Utilities

Haz Mat/Health Emergency
Explosion
Aviation
Railroad
Disaster (Natural)

87

AUC 276

Single Command

"BAD CHIEFS"

Boat in Distress FDNY / NYPD (first to arrive)
Auto Extrication FDNY / NYPD (first to arrive)
Downed Tree

Confined Space Rescue
H
Entrapment / Impalement
Elevator Incident or Emergency
Fire
Structural Collapse

88

A.U.C. 338

APPLICATION OF WATER STREAMS ON ENERGIZED ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT

Handlines shall NEVER be used on energized electrical components at Con Edison facilities.

De-energized -

Grounded -

De-energized - Equipment that is isolated from all electrical sources but not grounded.

Grounded - Equipment that is electrically isolated and grounds applied.

89

The following are the minimum safe operating distances for applying water on energized or de-energized electrical components:

15/75

25/125

15 feet on live 138 kV electrical components for 30 degree or greater fog streams.

75 feet on live 138 kV electrical components for all straight or solid streams and streams less than 30 degree fog. This distance is equal to approximately one and one-half (1½) lengths of hose.

25 feet on live 345 kV electrical components for 30 degree or greater fog streams. This distance is equal to approximately one-half (½) length of hose.

125 feet on live 345 kV electrical components for all straight or solid streams and streams less than 30 degree fog. This distance is equal to approximately two and one-half (2 ½) lengths of hose.

90

A.U.C. 338 APPLICATION OF WATER ON ENERGIZED ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT

The safe operating position for the apparatus will be determined in conjunction with ________________________. Once determined, all members are removed from the basket and the basket is then raised to operating position. All members are then removed from the apparatus. The stream will then be applied to the target area.

Con Edison personnel

91

A.U.C. 338 APPLICATION OF WATER ON ENERGIZED ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT

If conditions don’t allow for the use of a Tower Ladder, consider the feasibility of using

Engine Apparatus Deck Gun
ladder pipe on an Aerial Ladder
portable Akron New Yorker Multiversal.

NOTE: The Aquastream Master Stream Nozzle carried by all Aerial Ladder and Engine Companies is factory pre-set to a fog stream pattern of 130 degrees. This nozzle shall not be used because it does not provide enough stream penetration to allow for maintaining safe operating distances.

Entry of members or the placement of any apparatus or appliance within the property line of any Con Edison facility shall only be with the approval of the Con Edison White Hat and escorted by Con Edison personnel.

92

A.U.C. 338 APPLICATION OF WATER ON ENERGIZED ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT

All FDNY equipment inside the Con Edison property line must be _______________________ prior to applying water.

connected to the facility’s station ground grid

93

AUC 338, ADDENDUM 2
TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION SUBSTATIONS

Even after power has been removed, capacitors retain a potentially deadly electrical charge.

Transmission and distribution substations typically have two battery rooms, each containing as many as 60 car-type batteries.

Large transformers have a 20,000 – 60,000 gallon oil capacity and either boost or reduce the voltage of incoming and outgoing electricity. Exposed electrical contacts and high voltages can pose a significant threat to firefighters.

Some areas of these transformers cannot be retro filled or tested and may still contain PCBs.

Treat all transformer incidents as PCB incidents. Smoke, spilled oil and water runoff from transformer fires may be contaminated with PCBs.

Treat allcapacitor fires as PCB incidents. Dermal exposure to the oil results in skin irritation.

94

A.U.C. 254 ADDENDUM 1
CHAUFFEUR TRAINING AND AVAILABILITY

Prior to attending Chauffeur Training School, each member must be given at least five (5) hours of driver training, not including emergency responses.

When, in the opinion of the company commander, a firefighter is proficient in driving and operating the apparatus, an entry shall be made in the office record journal.

When, in the opinion of the company commander, a member's performance as a chauffeur is less than satisfactory, the company commander may recommend, by written report with all relevant facts to the Chief of Operations, that the member's designation as chauffeur be revoked.

Engine company chauffeurs (ECC) transferred to ladder companies and ladder company chauffeurs (LCC) transferred to engine companies, shall have their prior unit chauffeur designation immediately revoked upon transfer. In unusual circumstances, exceptions to this policy will be granted with the approval of the Chief of Operations.

Company commanders shall forward Form CT-1 to their Administrative Division semi-annually by February 1st and August 1st.

95

A.U.C. 348 CHAUFFEUR GUIDELINES

The following Units shall start each tour with at least two (2) school trained chauffeurs:

SCPD

Satellite Units

Planning Vehicle

Collapse Rescue Units

Decon Units (other than Tractor Trailer apparatus)

96

A.U.C. 348 CHAUFFEUR GUIDELINES

The following Units shall start each tour with at least one (1) school trained chauffeur and one (1) company trained chauffeur.

Foam Units

Airport Hose Wagons

Companies designated as back-up to Foam Units, Airport Hose Wagons, SatelliteUnits, Planning Vehicle, Collapse Rescue Units and Decon Units (other than Tractor Trailer apparatus)

97

A.U.C. 348 CHAUFFEUR GUIDELINES

LEAVES GRANTED

If a chauffeur is granted leave after the start of a tour, the officer on duty shall:

Notify the administrative Battalion Chief.

The unit shall remain in service with a school trained chauffeur or company trained chauffeur from the quarters the member was working in when the leave was granted.

If a school trained chauffeur is required, the Battalion Chief shall detail a school trained chauffeur from any unit within the battalion to cover the vacancy.

If no school trained chauffeur is available from within the battalion, DSCO shall be notified to detail a school trained chauffeur into the unit to cover the vacancy.

If no school trained chauffeur is available citywide, the unit shall remain in service with a company trained chauffeur.

98

A.U.C. 269, ADDENDUM 1
AIR RESCUE PLAN-HIGH RISE STRUCTURES

The decision to "Assemble" rests with the IC at the fire. The conditions under which Assembly may be ordered are generally, but not limited to:

A. Fire located above 10th floor in a high-rise building.
B. Fire has possession of two or more floors.
C. Interior access routes above fire blocked.
D. Access to the roof limited to exterior of building, via helicopter.

The decision to "Airlift" may be made only by an IC who is a staff chief.

99

AUC 300

REPORTING ILLEGAL ENTRY OF QUARTERS

Officer on duty at the time illegal entry of quarters is discovered, shall immediately notify:


Administrative Battalion and Division.

Police Precinct.

Office of the Inspector General (only if there is a theft in which a Department employee is a suspect).

Bureau of Fire Investigation (only if incident involves a false alarm response).

Officer on duty shall prepare and forward form BP-153 in triplicate.

100

A.U.C. 325 MAJOR AIRCRAFT EMERGENCIES

The location of voice and flight data recorders, if found detached from the aircraft, should be carefully noted. If found attached to the aircraft, they should not be removed except to preserve them from further fire damage. As a general rule, the voice and flight data recorders are located in the rear of the fuselage.

Spherical recorders are painted bright yellow

rectangular recorders are red or international orange.

Once located and secured, the recorders must not be opened or tampered with.

101

A.U.C. 325, ADDENDUM 1
LAGUARDIA AIRPORT

The staging area is located in front of Gate #3 (Police Post #3).

LADDERS LEFT
Units shall form up in a double line, convoy fashion with Ladder Companies, Rescue Companies and Special Units on the left and Engine Companies on the right.

Units are not to proceed into the facility or onto the field without PA escort.

Hydrants
x Low Pressure - 65 PSI (Black body with silver top)
x High Pressure - 125 PSI (All yellow)

Some wall hydrants, located on the exterior of the terminal buildings on the ramp side, are designated by large phosphorescent signs composed of a white "H" on a green background.

Drafting
x 5" aluminum pipe with 4 1/2" male connections, for use in drafting operations,can be found on the water side of runway extensions:

Note: These are found to be unreliable at low tide.

102

A.U.C. 325 ADDENDUM 2 KENNEDY AIRPORT

Hydrants
x Low Pressure - 60 PSI (Black body with silver top)
x Intermediate Pressure - 90 PSI (Black body with yellow top)
x High Pressure - 160 PSI (All yellow)

Drafting hydrants are located in the southwest corner of the field. These Hydrants may be rendered inoperable by clogged suction pipes or low tide.

Annual water relay and aircraft familiarization drills are held in the spring and summer.

103

PHOTOVOLTAIC (SOLAR PANEL) ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

The greatest hazard of which is direct current (DC) shock.

Shut-off electrical power to the inverter to ensure power does not enter the building from the PV array conduit, batteries, or back-up generator. Be aware that inverters do have capacitors which store energy.

Notify Officer & IC of presence of PV

Notify IC if involved in fire

PV systems do not produce electricity at night. However, lightning flashes occurring atnight can energize the PV System.

104

Your unit is relocated to the quarters of Engine 123 when an alarm is received for a possible Buckeye Pipeline leak. Which of the following choices contains incorrect information regarding this response?

A: Pipeline and shippers' lines profile cards are located at the housewatch desk for your use.

B: The Unit Alarm Assignment and Instruction Cards are located at the housewatch desk for your use.

C: There is an extra set of wrenches hung on the wall near the house watch desk or some other prominent location, easily visible, for your use.

D: There will be additional cans of foam in quarters that must be stored with the spare wrenches.

A: Pipeline and shippers' lines profile cards are located at the housewatch desk for your use.

Explanation:
AUC 149
A. Sect 3.3.5 - Pipeline and shippers' lines profile cards can be found in the Buckeye Pipeline Operations Manual issued to each assigned and alternate unit. Pipeline profile cards have been placed in each valve box for the information and use of responding units.
B. Sect 4.3 - Unit Alarm Assignment and Instruction Cards shall be placed in a prominent clearly marked and protected place at the house watch desk, for use by relocated units.
C. Sect 4.5 - An extra set of wrenches shall be hung on the wall near the house watch desk, or some other prominent location easily visible, and clearly marked. These wrenches are for the use of relocated companies,.
D. Sect 4.11 - Additional cans of foam must be stored with the spare wrenches for use by relocated units.

105

Isolation of a Buckeye pipeline or valve leak is vital in controlling the amount of fuel lost and thereby reduce the danger of, and intensity of, a possible fire. Isolation duties are carried out by manually shutting down valves. Which of the following is a correct statement regarding these duties?

A: Valves should always be closed as per duties required by Instruction Cards; no exceptions.

B: Units other than those assigned to isolation duties will be assigned to patrol the route in all cases.

C: Units performing isolation duties will announce 10-84 at alarm box location and inform the dispatcher when they initiate patrol duties.

D: If a strong wind is blowing, all ignition sources in the path of drifting vapors must be extinguished. Then, all ignition sources in the area must be extinguished.

D: If a strong wind is blowing, all ignition sources in the path of drifting vapors must be extinguished. Then, all ignition sources in the area must be extinguished.

Explanation:
AUC 149
A. Sect 6.1 - Valves should always be closed as per duties required by Instruction Cards except when a unit is required to protect life in a serious life threatening situation, and is thereby prevented from carrying out isolation duties.
B. Sect 6.2.5 - Units other than those assigned to isolation duties will respond to the Command Post.
C. Sect 6.2.6 - Units performing isolation duties will announce 10-84 at VALVE locations, and inform the dispatcher of valve closures as well as COMPLETION of patrol duties.
D. Sect 6.5.3 - If a strong wind is blowing, all ignition sources in the path of drifting vapors must be extinguished. Then, all ignition sources in the area must be extinguished.

106

It is Tuesday, April 1st and brush fire season has begun. As the officer working in a busy Ladder company located in Staten Island, you know that which of the following choices contains the correct assortment of equipment for your unit to carry?

A: Two Indian Pumps

B: Five Fire Brooms

C: Six lengths of 1" hose

D: Six lengths of 2 1/2" hose

B: Five Fire Brooms

Explanation:
AUC 151 - Sect 4.1.3
All ladder companies assigned to Staten Island shall carry a MINIMUM of:
Four Indian Pumps
Four Fire Brooms
Six lengths of 1 ¾" hose

107

Immediate Notification to BITS

ABCD

A Alcohol, Arrest

B Boxing with Brothers (Physical altercation among members)

C Confrontations with PD or other government agencies or civilians

D Drugs, Dangerous misuse of Department Vehicles

108

When an operation is within the capability of one unit (Engine, Ladder or Squad Company), then only one unit shall operate. Which of the following operations would not be considered routinely within the capability of a single unit?

A: Food on the stove

B: Minor Oil Burner Emergency

C: Minor Odor of Smoke Emergency

D: Minor Electrical Emergency

D: Minor Electrical Emergency

Explanation:
AUC 231
1.2 Operations to be considered routinely within the capability of a single unit:

1.2.2 Outside rubbish Fire.
1.2.3 Brush Fires.
1.2.4 Food on the stove.
1.2.5 Minor emergencies such as:
a. Incinerator
b. Oil Burner
c. Odor of Smoke
d. Steam Discharge
e. Sprinkler Discharge
f. Water Leak

109

Lt. Smith is working the day tour in Ladder 321 when a parent approached the firehouse and informed him that they wish to abandon their infant. Which of the following would Lt. Smith know to be an incorrect action?

A: Borough Communcations office was contacted and notified that the unit is in custody of an abandoned infant.

B: Lt. Smith requested, through the Department dispatcher, the response of the Police Department.

C: The unit was placed out-of-service (10-99) until an ambulance assumed custody of the infant.

D: Lt. Smith made a journal entry and an Unusual Occurrence Report was completed.

B: Lt. Smith requested, through the Department dispatcher, the response of the Police Department.

Explanation:
AUC 306
A. Add 2. Sect 2.1.1 Immediately notify the officer on duty who shall contact the Borough Communications Office, request the response of an ambulance, and inform the dispatcher that the unit is in custody of an abandoned infant.
B. Sect 2.3 FOR a child in need of HELP, the officer shall request, through the Department dispatcher, the response of the Police Department.
C. Add 2 Sect 2.1.1 Note: Fire units shall be placed out-of-service (10-99) until an ambulance has assumed custody of the infant.
D. Add 2 Sect 2.6 Company officers when made aware of a unit's possession of an abandoned infant shall:
2.6.1 A journal entry shall be made and an Unusual Occurrence Report completed.

110

FDNY Rapid Response Vehicle Task Forces may be activated for major storms, power blackouts, and other complex incidents. Communication shall be maintained between the ICP and Task Force Leaders to allow distribution of weather forecasts, and other intelligence that will impact task force operations. Methods of communication are listed in priority order. Which method is to be used as the "Contingency" means of Communications?

A: 800 mhz radios

B: Cell phones

C: DARS radios

D: The Department Radio

B: Cell phones

Explanation:
AUC 352 Sect 4.1

Primary Communications: DARS -Department Administrative Radio System

Alternate Communications: 800 mhz radios can be used as an alternate to the DARS radios if the DARS radios are out of service.

Contingency Communications: Cell phones can be utilized if the DARS and 800mhz systems are out of service.

Emergency Communications: The Department Radio can be utilized if the other systems are not operable.

111

Each Division, Battalion and Company shall establish two Pre-Incident Guideline binders for their ______________________________________. One binder shall be carried in an accessible location on the apparatus and the other shall be kept inthe company office for necessary reference.

respective administrative as well as necessary response districts

112

A.U.C. 344 FIRST RESPONDER'S BRIDGE MANUAL

Transmit an incident assessment report to the Dispatcher using the “Size-up” section of the Field Guide. The report should include:

"SAMLO"

a. What has occurred.
b. The life hazard.
c. The magnitude and location of damage to bridge components.
d. Firefighters actions.
e. If the bridge is secured.

113

A.U.C. 202 SUBSTANCE POLICY: DRUGS/ALCOHOL

illegal drug: on-duty or off-duty

drug paraphernalia: on-duty

alcohol or related paraphernalia (e.g. beer taps, beer kegs): on-duty

All of the above: or while in uniform; or while in any Department premises, property or vehicle(s).

114

Members operating in smoke or toxic atmospheres should not remove SCBA regulator except:

A. If the members cylinder becomes depleted.
B. If the member’s SCBA is malfunctioning, so as to cut off the air supply.

Leaving the facepiece donned and removing only the regulator will provide some protection to the member’s face.

115

Probationary firefighters are provided with a reading schedule that emphasizes the fundamentals of firefighting and a composition notebook to document their training once out in the field. Which is not accurate regarding the reading schedule?

A: There are two reading schedules: An engine schedule and a ladder schedule. The segment column on the left of the schedule is left blank to allow the company commander to prioritize the assignment as they see fit.

B: The Probationary Firefighter shall initial and date the reading schedule in blue or black ink when subject matter has been read.

C: The Officer on Duty shall initial and date the reading schedule in red ink when the subject matter has been reviewed or drilled on.

D: Chief Officers shall review, initial and date the reading schedule in red ink during company drill visits.

D. Add 4 - This only applies to the notebook, not the reading schedule.

Chief Officers- Review notebook during company drill visits. Initial and date in red ink.

Explanation:
AUC 323
A. 2.3
B. 2.5
C. 2.5

116

AUC 210

What signals will be Auto-closed, if the signal is transmitted on the MDT, and require no action by the unit.

10-33 Code 1 10-37 Code 1
10-33 Code 2 10-37 Code 2
10-37 Code 3
10-34 Code 2 10-37 Code 4

10-35 No Code
10-35 Code 1 10-38 Code 1
10-35 Code 2 10-91
10-35 Code 3 10-92

117

The maximum service pressure on the terminal and delivery lines of the Buckeye Pipeline to shippers from the Long Island City Terminal is?

A: 1400psig

B: 1200psig

C: 200psig

D: 2000psig

C: 200psig