Flashcards in Audition Deck (23):
What effects the pitch of a sound?
The frequency of the waves
What is the pinna?
The outer ear
What is the role of the pinna?
What is the entrance to the ear?
The ear canal
What do sounds strike?
The ear drum
What do the bones of the ear do?
Amplify and transmit the waves to the fluid of the inner ear
What is the cochlear?
Fibres have different what?
What happens when the fibres move?
They trigger the hair cells which send an impulse to the cochlear nerve
By what factor does the middle ear amplify sound?
What is the proper name for the ear drum?
What are the three bones of the ear?
What is the eustachian tube?
Connects the middle ear to the nose
What is the attenuation reflex?
Loud sound causes muscles of the middle ear to contract reducing conduction to the cochlear
This adaptation is both protective and helps discern high frequency sounds
What are the three chambers of the cochlear?
What is the organ of Corti?
Stereocilia interact with the tectorial membrane
Stereocilia are on the surface of hair cells
Hair cells connect to auditory nerve
What does movement of stereocilia trigger?
Depolarisation of hair cells
How are different frequencies identified?
Very low frequency - phase locking
Intermediate frequency - phase locking and tonotopy
High frequency - tonotopy
How is sound located?
Interaural intensity differences
What is the pathway of the cochlear nerve?
Ventral cochlear nucleus
Dorsal cochlear nucleus
What could be causes of deafness?
Obstruction of the auditory canal
Middle ear infection
How would the cochlea nerve be damaged?
Effect of antibiotics, kanamycin and gentamicin
Damage to dorsal cochlear nucleus