Australia’s democratic beliefs, rights and liberties Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Australia’s democratic beliefs, rights and liberties Deck (55)
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1

What is Australia’s system of government?

Australia’s system of government is parliamentary democracy

Power of government comes from the people because Aus citizens vote for people to represent them in parliament

2

What does the The Rule of Law mean?

All Australians are equal under law

ROL means no person, groups or religious rule is above the law

Everyone who holds positions of power in the Australian community, must obey AUS law, including government, community and religious leaders as well as business people and police

3

What is living peacefully in Australia mean?

Australians believe that change should occur through discussion, peaceful persuasion and democratic process

We reject violence as a way to change a person’s mind or the law

4

What does Australian's believe about change and living peacefully?

Australia’s democratic system is based on principle that every individual, regardless of their background has rights and equality under Australian Law

All Australians are expected to treat each other with dignity and respect, regardless of their race, country of origin, gender, sexual orientation, marital status, age, disability, heritage, culture, politics, wealth or religion

5

what is freedom of speech?

- people can say and write what they think, and discuss their ideas with others.
- example, people can criticise the government, protest peacefully against government decisions and campaign to change laws, so long as at all times they are still obeying Australian laws.



NOTE
At all times, even while engaging in freedom of speech and freedom of expression, the laws of Australia must be obeyed. We must also respect other people’s freedom of speech and freedom of expression.

6

What is freedom of expression?

Means people can express their views, including through art, film, music and literature

Free to meet in public or private places for social or political discussions



NOTE
At all times, even while engaging in freedom of speech and freedom of expression, the laws of Australia must be obeyed. We must also respect other people’s freedom of speech and freedom of expression.

7

What is Freedom of association?

The right to form and join associations to pursue common goals

example, in Australia people are free to join any legal organisation, such as a political party, trade union, religious, cultural or social group.

People can also decide not to join, and cannot be forced into doing so.

Freedom of religion
Australia has Judaeo-Christian Heritage
Government and law treat all citizens equally, whatever their religion or belief

8

Is Australia a Secular country?

yes

SECULAR: operates separately from churches or other religious entities

- australia has no official religion

9

What is Gender Equality?

Men and women have equal rights in Australia. It is against the law to discriminate against a person because of their gender.

10

What is a "Fair Go"?

Australians value equal opportunity in our society; what is often called a ‘fair go’.
- means that what someone achieves in life should be as a result of their talents, work and effort, rather than their wealth or background. This is to ensure that there are no formal class distinctions in Australian society.

11

Responsibilities—what must you give Australia
As an Australian citizen?

As an Australian citizen you must:

• obey the laws of Australia
• vote in federal and state or territory elections, and in a referendum
• defend Australia should the need arise
• serve on a jury if called to do so.

12

Privileges—what will Australia give you
As an Australian citizen?

As an Australian citizen you can:

• vote in federal and state or territory elections, and in a referendum
• apply for children born overseas to become Australian citizens by descent
• apply for a job in the Australian Public Service or in the Australian Defence Force
• seekelectiontoparliament
• apply for an Australian passport and re-enter Australia freely
• ask for consular assistance from an Australian offcial while overseas.

13

Why do our representatives in government make laws?

to maintain an orderly, free and safe society and to protect our rights.

All Australian citizens and other people in Australia must obey the laws of Australia.

14

What is a responsibility of an Australian Citizen aged 18 and over?

vote in federal and state or territory elections, and in a referendum,

REFERENDUM: VOTE TO CHANGE AUSTRALIAN CONSTITTUTION



Voting is compulsory in federal and state or territory elections. It may not be compulsory to vote in local government elections in some states.

15

What is a jury/jury service?

A jury is a group of ordinary Australian men and women who listen to the evidence in a court case and decide if a person is guilty or not guilty.
Jury service, if requested, responsibility for Australian citizens aged 18 years or over.
Australian citizens who are on the electoral roll can be called to serve on a jury. Jury service helps to ensure that the court system is open and fair.

16

Privileges on Australian citizens

Apply to work for Australian public service and defence force
Seek election into parliament as long as they are not a dual citizen and 18years over
Ask for consular assistant from an Australian official while overseas
Apply for an Australian passport and reenter Australia freely
Apply for children born overseas to become Australian citizens by descent

17

is voting compulsory?

yes, after 18 years and over

18

Who are the Australian Electoral Commission?

Commonwealth agency responsible for conducting federal elections and referendums

independent of the government

19

when was the federation of state united and formed the Commonwealth of Australia?

1 January 1901

20

what happened in 1901

COLONIES WERE UNITED INTO A FEDERATION OF STATES CALLED THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA

21

What is the Commonwealth of the Australian constitution?

Legal document that sets out basic rules for the government of Australia

22

when did the Australian constitution come into effect and what happened to the colonies?

1 January 1901, Australian Constitution came into effect and Australian colonies became one independent nation: Commonwealth of Australia

23

What did the Constitution establish which has ultimate power to apply and interpret the laws of Australia?

Constitution also established High Court of Australia, which has the ultimate power to apply and interpret the laws of Australia

24

How can people change the Australian Constitution?

voting in a referendum, such as the 1967 Referendum where more than 90percent of Aboriginal peoples to be counted in the Census


note:
Needs to be a double majority in referendum for constitution of be changed
Both the majority of voters in a majority of sates and a majority of voters across the nation must vote for the change

25

What are the 3 Powers listed in the Constitution?

Legislative, Executive and Judicial Power

26

what is the Legislative Power?

Power to make Laws
Parliament has power to make and changes laws in Australia

27

What is the Executive Power?

Power to put laws into practice
Executive includes Prime minister, Australian government ministers and Governor-General
Ministers are responsible for government departments

28

What is Judicial Power?

Judges have power to interpret and apply the law
courts and judges are independent of parliament and government

29

who is Australia's head of state?

Queen Elizabeth II

30

Who represents the Queen in Australia? and who represents her in States?

Governor-General represents Queen in Australia and Governor represents in states