B: AMERICAN GOVERNMENT - System of Government Flashcards Preview

US History > B: AMERICAN GOVERNMENT - System of Government > Flashcards

Flashcards in B: AMERICAN GOVERNMENT - System of Government Deck (35):
1

13. Name one branch or part of the government.*

Congress - legislative
President - executive
the courts - judicial

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14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

checks and balances
separation of powers

3

15. Who is in charge of the executive branch?

the President

4

16. Who makes federal laws?

Congress
Senate and House (of Representatives)
(U.S. or national) legislature

5

17. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?*

the Senate and House (of Representatives)

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18. How many U.S. Senators are there?

one hundred (100)

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19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

six (6)

8

20. Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?*

Bill Nelson
Marco Rubio

Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories should answer that D.C. (or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.]

9

21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

four hundred thirty-five (435)

10

22. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

two (2)

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23. Name your U.S. Representative.

Francis Rooney

Answers will vary. [Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates or Resident Commissioners may provide the name of that Delegate or Commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) Representatives in Congress.]

12

24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?

all people of the state

13

25. Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?

(because of) the state’s population
(because) they have more people
(because) some states have more people

14

26. We elect a President for how many years?

four (4)

15

27. In what month do we vote for President?*

November

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28. What is the name of the President of the United States now? *

Donald Trump

17

29. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?

Mike Pence

18

30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

the Vice President

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31. If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

the Speaker of the House

20

32. Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?

the President

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33. Who signs bills to become laws?

the President

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34. Who vetoes bills?

the President

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35. What does the President’s Cabinet do?

advises the President

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36. What are two Cabinet-level positions?

Secretary of Agriculture
Secretary of Commerce
Secretary of Defense
Secretary of Education
Secretary of Energy
Secretary of Health and Human Services Secretary of Homeland Security
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Secretary of the Interior
Secretary of Labor
Secretary of State
Secretary of Transportation Secretary of the Treasury Secretary of Veterans Affairs
Attorney General
Vice President

25

37. What does the judicial branch do?

reviews laws
explains laws
resolves disputes (disagreements)
decides if a law goes against the Constitution

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38. What is the highest court in the United States?

the Supreme Court

27

39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

nine (9)

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40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?

John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)

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41. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?

to print money
to declare war
to create an army
to make treaties

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42. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?

provide schooling and education
provide protection (police)
provide safety (fire departments)
give a driver’s license
approve zoning and land use

31

43. Who is the Governor of your state now?

Rick Scott

Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. does not have a Governor.]

32

44. What is the capital of your state?*

Tallahassee

Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. is not a state and does not have a capital. Residents of U.S. territories should name the capital of the territory.]

33

45. What are the two major political parties in the United States? *

Democratic and Republican

34

46. What is the political party of the President now 2018?

Republican (Party)

35

47. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?

Paul D. Ryan
(Paul) Ryan