Flashcards in B1.2.2 Transcription and Translation Deck (17):
State the name for a copy of DNA
mRNA (messenger RNA)
State the name of the process in which mRNA is produced
State the name of the base which pairs with adenine (A) in transcription
Describe the steps of transcription
The DNA around a gene unzips so that both strands are separated. One of the DNA strands acts as a template. Complementary bases attach to the strand being copied, this forms a strand of mRNA. When completed, the strand of mRNA detached itself from the DNA template. The DNA zips back up.
Which is small enough to move out of the nucleus, DNA or mRNA?
Which subcellular structure does the mRNA travel to?
Where is the protein made after the mRNA is coded in transcription?
The ribosomes in the cytoplasm
State the order of bases of mRNA that would produces from this DNA template: TGCA
What are proteins made from?
What does the order of nucleotides determine?
The type and the order of amino acids
What does the order of amino acids determine?
Which proteins are produced
State the name of the process in which proteins are made
What does the mRNA attach to in the process of translation?
How many nucleotides are in one group which the ribosome reads ? What are these groups called?
3, Base triplets (or codons)
What does each base triplet (codons) code for?
A type of amino acid
What is a the correct name for a chain of amino acids?