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Flashcards in B2PD.SYS4 Deck (29)
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1

Acute inflammation, epigastric pain, radiates through to the back

Serum amylase and lipase elevated

Caused by alcohol abuse, stone in ampulla of vater, viral infection

Acute pancreatitis

2

Caused by atherosclerosis

May present w/ low back pain and pulsatile mass in the abdomen

Ultrasound confirms

AAA

3

Caused by fecalith or viral infection

Periumbilical pain, nausea, vomiting, fever

Positive Rosving's, psoas, or obturator test

Appendicitis

4

Gluten hypersensitivity causes chronic disease of SI

Weight loss, fatigue, steatorrhea

May present w/ chronic papular vesicular rash

Antigliadin IgA, IgG abs are eleveated

Celiac disease

5

Common profile, obese female

95% have gallstones

Right upperquadrant pain

Cholecystitis

6

Chronic damage to liver

Alcoholism, hepatitis

Jaundice, palmar erythema, enlarged liver

Cirrhosis

7

Inflammatory bowel disease

Cobblestone appearance of mucosa of terminal ileum, skip lesions, non-caseous granulomas

Right lower quadrant pain, diarrhea

Crohn's disease

8

Kussmaul breathing, shortness of breath, acetone smell

Polyuria, Polydipsia, Polyphagia

Abdominal pain

Diabetic ketoacidosis

9

Acute inflammation of diverticula in LI

Low fiber diet, MC >70 years, left sided abdominal pain

Low grade fever

Diverticulitis

10

Kehr's sign (lt. shoulder pain)

6-8 weeks amenorrhea

Pregnancy outside uterus

Ectopic pregnancy

11

Associated w/ infection by Neisseria

Pain in scrotum and periumbilical region

Prehn's test positive

Epidydimo-orchitis

12

Defect in femoral canal

More common in females, irreducible swelling inferolateral to pubic tubercle

Femoral hernia

13

Severe generalized abdominal pain, guarding, fever, absent bowel sounds

Blumberg's sign positive (rebound tenderness)

Inflammation of peritoneum

Peritonitis

14

Acute or chronic inflammation of the liver

Hepatitis

15

Congenital defect or traumatic

Irreducible mass in inguinoscrotal region

More common in males

Inguinal hernia

16

Abdominal pain, distension, hyperactive bowel sounds

Intestinal blockage

17

Chronic functional disorder of gut

Abdominal pain relieved by defecation, diarrhea, constipation

Closed eye sign

IBS

18

Chronic disease of kidney

Basement membrane affected, associated with diabetes and SLE

Fatigue, edema, ascites, frothy urine

Nephrotic syndrome

19

Inflammation of the uterus, fallopian tubes, or surrounding connective tissue

Often Neisseria gonorrhea, or Chlamydia trachomatis

Fever, lower abdominal pain, mucopurulent discharge

Pelvic inflammatory disease

20

Ulceration of the duodenum or stomach, associated w/ helicobacter infection, NSAID use, smoking, or alcohol

Peptic ulcer disease

21

Complication of cirrhosis

Fatigue, Caput Medusae, Esophageal varices, Internal hemorrhoids, Ascites

Portal HTN

22

Associated w/ e. coli or chlamydia

Suprapubic or perineal discomfort, dysuria, frequent urination

Prostatitis

23

Ascending infection of bladder, commonly e. coli

Chills, fever, vomiting, flank pain

Positive murphy's punch test

Pyelonephritis

24

Takes 3-15 years to develop

Lightning pains in abdomen

Chronic non-healing ulcers

Argyll robertson pupil

VDRL and FTA test positive

Tertiary syphilis

25

Dull ache in the scrotum

Enlarged testis, Possible gynecomastia

 

Testicular cancer

26

Sudden onset of testicular pain
 often referred to periumbilical region, nausea and vomiting

Prehn's sign positive

Testicular torsion

27

Chronic inflammatory disease

Superficial ulcerations of descending and sigmoid colon

Left sided abdominal pain, fatigue, anemia, and recurrent bloody diarrhea

Complicated by IDA

Ulcerative colitis

28

Twisting of the bowel on itself

Severe abdominal pain and distension

Volvulus

29