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Flashcards in Back Deck (18):
1

2 types of curvature and location

1. Lordosis- C and L
2. Kyphosis - T and S

2

Lateral changes in spine

scoliosis

3

Make-up of vertebral arch

post. body, pedicles, lamina

4

joint between ant and posterior articular facets

z-joint

5

Features of C vert. (5)

1. bifid spinous process
2. short trans process
3. Transverse foramen
4. Small body
5. Uncus on body

6

Features of T vert (3)

1. Long spinous process
2. Heart shaped vert. foramen
3. Demifacets for ribs

7

Features of L vert

1. Large kidney body
2. Thick, short processes

8

Features of atlas

!. no spinous process
2. no body, but 2 lateral masses
3. Short transverse with foramen

9

Features of axis

1. 2 large sur articular facets
2. No body, but has odontoid process to connect with atlas

10

Joint b/w atlas and axis

atlanto-axial joint

11

Joint between atlas and skull

atlanto-occipital joint

12

Insides of disc

nucleus pulposus, anular rings

13

Ligaments of the spine (7)

1. ligamentum flavum (lamina to lamina)
2. Post. longitudinal lig. (lays over IV discs)
3. Ant. longitudinal lig. (connects ant. spine)
4. Transverse lig. (connects adj. transverse procs.)
5. Interspinous lig. (connects inf. spinous procs.)
6. Supraspinous lig (connects tips of spinous procs.)
7. Nuchal lig. (connects occ. to C7 spinous process)

14

Level of illiac crests

L4/5

15

Level of PSIS

S2

16

Innervation of spinal column

Column - reccurent meningeal of SPINAL nerve
z-joints - articular branch of post. rami

17

Blood supply at each level

C -vert branches of aorta + asc cervical arts.
T - post. intercostals
L - Lumbar branches + subcostal art.
S - illiolumbar + sacral art.

18

Drainage of vertebrae

Neck - vertebral veins
Body - segmental veins

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