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Flashcards in Back/Spine Deck (14):
1

Kyphosis

Increased thoracic curve
Scapula are protracted

Humpback

2

Define Scheuermann's Disease

Affects adolescent males which is not only painful but may also cause progressive thoracic or lumbar kyphosis

3

Forward Head Posture

Used to keep the eyes level through kyphosis
Cervical spine is extended out

4

Swayback Posture

Anterior shifting of the entire pelvis that results in hip extension

5

Lordosis

Increased curve in the lumbar spine

6

Scoliosis

Lateral curvature of the spine
Spine makes an S shape

7

Flat back posture

Decreased lumbar curve and an increase in posterior pelvic tilt and in hip flexion

8

Characterized by kyphosis that results from wedge fractures of 5 degrees or greater
Point tenderness over the spinous processes
Backache
Hamstrings are really tight

Scheuermann's Disease

9

Sharp shooting pain that follows the nerve pathway along the posterior and medial thigh
SLR intensifies pain

Sciatica

10

Sharp centrally located pain
Weakness in lower limb
Symptoms are worse in morning
Pain may reappear after paitent sits and resumes activities
Back bending helps with pain

Herniated lumbar disk

11

Caused from movements that hyper extend the spine
Degeneration of the vertabrae and a defect in tha pars interarticularis
More common among boys
Persistant mild to moderate back pain
Feels need to change positions frequently
Hesitation in forward bending

Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis

12

Inner layer of spinal disks

Nucleus Pulposus

13

Outer layer of spinal disks

Annulus fibrosis

14

Where are no disks located in the spine

C0-C2