Bacteria and Diseases Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Bacteria and Diseases Deck (43):
1

Treponema pallidum

syphilis

2

Borrelia burgdorferi

Lyme Disease

3

Leptospira interrogans

Leptospirosis

4

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Pseudomonas

5

Legionella pneumonia

Legoinnaire's Disease (pneumonia)

6

Brucella abortusuis

Brucellosis

7

Bordetella pertussis

Pertussis (Whooping Cough)

8

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Gonorrhea, Urethritis

9

Neisseria meningitidis

Meningitis

10

Helicobater pylori

Peptic Ulcer Disease
Gastric Cancer

11

Campylobacter jejuni

Gastroenteritis

12

Vibrio cholerae

Cholera

13

Escherichia coli
(normal flora strain)

UTI
gram neg sepsis (in burns or wounds)

14

Escherichia coli
( 0157:H7 strain)

Hemorrhagic Colitis
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome

15

Escherichia coli
Enterotoxigenic Strain

Diarrhea or Traveler's Disease
(Developing countries) - animal strain, not normal flora

16

Shigella dysenteriae

HUS - hemolytic uritic syndrome

17

Shigella sonnei

Shigellosis (sever dysentery)

18

Salmonella enterica

Salmonellosis

19

Salmonella enteriditis

Salmonellosis - from eggs

20

Salmonella poona

Salmonellosis - from pets

21

Salmonella enteric: typhi

Typhoid Fever

22

Yersinia pestis

Bubonic plague

23

Haemophilus influenzae
(HI type B, or HIB)

1. Otitis Media - inflammation of middle ear (non encapsulated strains)
2. Pneumonia, following flu
3. Meningitis, if sepsis develops (highest at 6 mo of age)

24

Gardnerella vaginalis

Bacterial Vaginosis - polymicrobic (requires an anaerobe to become pathogenic)

25

Bacteroides fragilis

Vaginal infections (from feces)

26

Fusobacterium nucleatum

Peridontal Disease
Trench Mouth
Ulcerating Gingivitis

27

Rickettsia rickettsii

rocky mountain spotted fever
Vasculitis (inflammation of blood vessels)

28

Chlamydia trachomatis

Non Gonococcal Urethritis
Trachoma (in the eyes) vasculitis (inflammation of blood vessels)
most common STD

29

Chlamydia pneumonia

Pneumonia
Community respiratory infections

30

Mycoplasma pneumonia

Atypical walking pneumonia - 20%

31

Mycoplasma genitalium

NGU (not caused by gonorrhea) - acute urethral syndrom
Ureaplasma urealyticum

32

Clostridium difficile

ENDOSPORES
Pseudomembranous Colitis
Toxic Megacolon
(NOT C DIFF - this is not a disease)

33

Clostridum perfrigens

ENDOSPORES
Gas Gangrene
(necrosis of muscle with GAS, 24 hrs)

34

Clostridium botulinum

ENDOSPORES
Botulism
Infant Botulism
(most powerful toxin we know. small amt. kills fast)

35

Clostridium tetani

ENDOSPORES
Tetanus (lockjaw)
Neonatal tetanus

36

Bacillus anthracis

Anthrax (3 diseases)
cutaneous, intestinal, pulmonary

37

Streptococcus pyognes (GAS)
(Group A)

Rheumatic Fever, Bronchial Pneumonia, Toxic Shock-Strep, Necrotizing Fasciitis, Galloping Pneumonia (multiple strains)

38

Streptococcus pneumonia (PNEUMOCOCCUS)
(Group D)

Lungs - Pneumococcal Pneumonia(most common cause of pneumonia)
Blood - Septic Shock
Brain - meningitis

39

Streptoccocus spcs (babies)
(Group B)

Puerperal Fever in Newborn

40

Staphylococcus aureus

Colonize infections
Food Poison
Toxic Shock Syndrome

41

Mycobacteria tuberculosis
(M. bovis - cattle, MAC complex - disseminated throughout body)

Tuberculosis

42

Listeria monocytogenes

Listeriosis (meningitis in unborn child, or cardiovascular abnormalities)

43

Corneybacterium diptheria

Diptheria