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Flashcards in Bacterial Zoonoses Deck (48):
1

Leptospira is accociated with what host and can live where

animal host
- survive in fresh water, tropics

2

how Leptospira transmitted

- through abrasion of skin
-direct or indirect urine from infected animals or fluids

3

what type of people get Leptospira

triathlons
swimmers
sewer workers

4

Where in the world is Leptospira found

tropical regions

5

Clinical manifestations of Leptospira

flue
Weil syndrome: jaundice, renal dysfunction

6

what happens in the biphasic clinical manifestations

1st: septicemis
2nd: immune mediated

7

treatment for Leptospira mild? severe?

Doxycycline
Severe: IV penicillin

8

Franceisella tularensis strains what kind of bacteria

gram negative

9

major source of Fanceisella turnarensis in US

Ticks and rabbits

10

name two ways of transmission to humans f. Tularensis

inhalation
skin/mucous contact

11

what are hotspots for Franceisella tularensis in US

Oklahoma, arkansas and Missouri and on NE coast

12

Clinical manifestations of Franceisella Tularensis

Ulceroglandular
lymphadenitis

13

lab diagnosis for Franciesella tularensis

Culture
serology
microscopy

14

what drugs are used to treat Franciesella tularensis

Streptomycin
Gentamicin

15

Brucella is what type of bacteria and shape

gram negative
coccobacilli

16

where does Brucellosis replicate

intracellular, replicates reticuloendothelial system

17

what is world side distribution of Brucelleosis

Latin America
Middle East
Africa

18

where in the US does Brucellosis occur? in what products in the US can it be found

CA and TX
-unpasteurized milk and diary

19

clinica manifestations of Brucellosis

Undulant fever

20

lab diagnosis for Brucellosis

Serology
Cultures
bone marrow cultures ( can confrim)
microscopy

21

Treatment for Brucella

Doxycycline and Rifampin for at least 6 weeks

22

Yersinia Pestis is what type of bacteria

gram negative

23

how does Yersinia pestis stain

bipolar staining bacillus
safety pin appearance on gram stain and Wayson stain

24

who carie Yersinia pestis in us

Rodents and fleas

25

what are manifestastions of Yersinia Pestis

Bubonic: buboes
primary septicemic: DIC
pneuomic: everyone dies

26

Yersinia Pestis is very senstive to what lab diagnosis test

Immunofluorescent stain

27

what other Lab diagnosis is used for Yersinia pestis

Serology
Genotyping
PCR

28

Treatment for Plaque

Tetracycline, Chloramphenicol ( Meningitis) Streptomycin , gentamacin

29

what do you treat people with if they come in close contact with someone with Plague

Doxycycline

30

Common name for Coxiella burnetti

Q fever

31

what type of bacteria is Coxiella Burnetti

gram negativ

32

where does Coxiella Burnetti replicate

strict intracellular

33

how can people get Coxiella Burnettii

Inhalation
- unpasteurized diary products

34

what are acute symptoms for Coxiella Burnetti? treatment

heachache
fever
pneumonia
-Doxycycline

35

what are chronic symptoms for Coxiella burnetti? Treatment

subacute endocarditis
-Doxycycline and hydroxychloroquine

36

Bartonella Henselae is what type of bacteria

gram negative

37

what is reservoir for Bartonella Henselae

cats and fles

38

Bartonella Henselae can cause what disease

cat-scratch disaese

39

Cat-scratch disease commonly in who

children

40

clinical manifestations for Cat-scratch

lymphadenopathy of nodes
fever

41

what bacteria causes cat-sratch in immunocompromised patient

bacillary angiomatosis

42

how is Cat scratch treated

self-limited but
Azithromycin, ciprofloxacin, TMP-SMX

43

Pasteurella multicida and canis

cat and dog bite

44

when an animal bites for Pasteurella when does clinical symptoms appeasrs

typical clinical picture of rapidly-developing cellulitis after bites ( within 24 hours)

45

Paterurella is resistant to what medicine

clindamycin
- 1st generation cephalosporins

46

treatment for Pasteurella

penicillin with Amoxicillin-clavulanic

47

Eikenella, you get it from what type of bites

human

48

where does Eikenella corroden colonize

human oropharynx